Which Joe gave his name to ‘sloppy joes’? We look at five interesting sandwiches and their lexical origins.
1‘a sheet of stiff black cardboard’
rigid, hard, firm, hardened, inelastic, non-flexible, inflexible, ungiving
rare impliable, unmalleable
flexible, plastic, limp
2‘mix to a stiff paste’
semi-solid, viscous, viscid, thick, stiffened
firm, compact, dense
3‘her muscles were stiff’
aching, achy, painful
informal creaky, rheumaticky, rusty
4‘she greeted him with stiff politeness’
formal, reserved, unfriendly, chilly, cold, frigid, icy, austere, unrelaxed, brittle, stand-offish, wooden, forced, constrained, strained, stilted
prim, punctilious, stuffy
informal starchy, uptight
5‘they face stiff fines and a possible jail sentence’
harsh, severe, hard, punitive, punishing, stringent, swingeing, crippling, rigorous, drastic, strong, heavy, draconian
6‘the army had put up a stiff resistance’
vigorous, determined, full of determination, strong, spirited, resolute, tenacious, steely, four-square, unflagging, unyielding, dogged, stubborn, obdurate
North American rock-ribbed
7‘a long, stiff climb up the bare hillside’
difficult, hard, arduous, tough, strenuous, laborious, uphill, exacting, demanding, formidable, challenging, punishing, back-breaking, gruelling, Herculean
tiring, fatiguing, exhausting
informal killing, hellish
British informal knackering
8‘a stiff breeze’
strong, vigorous, powerful, brisk, fresh, gusty
9‘you need a stiff drink’
strong, potent, alcoholic, spirituous, intoxicant
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