Which Joe gave his name to ‘sloppy joes’? We look at five interesting sandwiches and their lexical origins.
1‘the army retreated’
withdraw, retire, draw back, pull back, pull out, fall back, give way, give ground, recoil, flee, take flight, beat a retreat, beat a hasty retreat, run away, run off, make a run for it, run for it, make off, take off, take to one's heels, make a break for it, bolt, make a quick exit, clear out, make one's getaway, escape, head for the hills
informal beat it, vamoose, skedaddle, split, cut and run, leg it, show a clean pair of heels, turn tail, scram, hook it, fly the coop, skip off, do a fade
British informal do a runner, scarper, do a bunk
North American informal light out, bug out, cut out, peel out, take a powder, skidoo
Australian informal go through, shoot through
archaic fly, levant
advance, dig in
2‘the tide was retreating’
go out, ebb, recede, flow out, fall, go down
3‘the government had to retreat over the plan’
change one's decision, change one's mind, change one's attitude, change one's plans
back down, climb down, do a U-turn, backtrack, back-pedal, row back, retract, reconsider, eat one's words, eat humble pie, give in, concede defeat, shift one's ground
British do an about-turn
1‘a counteroffensive caused the retreat of the imperial army’
withdrawal, pulling back, flight
2‘Democrats welcomed the President's retreat on the tax issue’
climbdown, backdown, retraction, concession, about-face, U-turn, rowback
3‘she invited us to her retreat in rural Sweden’
refuge, haven, resort, asylum, sanctuary, sanctum sanctorum
hideaway, hideout, hiding place
cottage, dacha, shelter, cabin, den, lair, nest
4‘a period of retreat from the world for spiritual regeneration’
seclusion, withdrawal, retirement, solitude, isolation, hiding, privacy, sanctuary
rare sequestration, reclusion
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