Which Joe gave his name to ‘sloppy joes’? We look at five interesting sandwiches and their lexical origins.
1‘a poor family’
poverty-stricken, impoverished, necessitous, beggarly, in penury, penurious, impecunious, indigent, needy, needful, in need, in want, badly off, low-paid, in reduced circumstances, in straitened circumstances, destitute, hard up, short of money, on one's beam-ends, unable to make ends meet, underprivileged, deprived, penniless, without a sou, as poor as a church mouse, moneyless
bankrupt, bust, insolvent, in debt, in the red
British on the breadline
informal broke, flat broke, cleaned out, strapped for cash, strapped, on one's uppers, without two pennies to rub together, without two farthings to rub together, without two brass farthings to rub together
British informal stony broke, skint, in Queer Street
North American informal stone broke
rare pauperized, beggared
substandard, below standard, below par, bad, deficient, defective, faulty, imperfect, inferior, mediocre
abject, appalling, abysmal, atrocious, awful, terrible, dismal, dreadful, unsatisfactory, low-grade, second-rate, third-rate, jerry-built, shoddy, crude, tinny, trashy, rubbishy, miserable, wretched, lamentable, deplorable, pitiful, inadequate, insufficient, unacceptable, execrable, frightful
informal crummy, dire, bum, diabolical, rotten, sad, tatty, tenth-rate
British informal ropy, duff, rubbish, pants, a load of pants, grotty
US informal weak sauce
vulgar slang crap, crappy
3‘a poor crop of apples’
meagre, scanty, scant, paltry, limited, disappointing, restricted, reduced, modest, insufficient, inadequate, sparse, spare, deficient, negligible, insubstantial, skimpy, short, little, lean, small, slight, slender
miserable, lamentable, pitiful, puny, niggardly, beggarly
informal measly, stingy, pathetic, piddling
unproductive, barren, unyielding, unfruitful, uncultivatable
depleted, exhausted, bare, arid, sterile
North American rare hardscrabble
5‘tropical oceanic waters are generally poor in nutrients’
deficient in, short of, short on, low on, missing, with an insufficiency of, with too few ..., with too little ...
6‘you poor thing’
unfortunate, unlucky, luckless, unhappy, hapless, ill-fated, ill-starred, pitiable, pitiful, wretched
We take a look at several popular, though confusing, punctuation marks.
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The definitions of ‘buddy’ and ‘bro’ in the OED have recently been revised. We explore their history and increase in popularity.