1‘increased penalties for dumping oil at sea’
punishment, sanction, punitive action, retribution, penance
fine, forfeit, sentence
2‘for some, the economic penalties of motherhood outweigh its attractions’
disadvantage, difficulty, drawback, handicap, snag, downside, minus, detriment, unpleasant aspect
trial, torment, bane, tribulation, affliction, suffering, burden, trouble, worry
deprivation, cost, undesirable consequence
We take a look at several popular, though confusing, punctuation marks.