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Key to American English IPA pronunciations
The pronunciations given represent a general accent of American English, without certain features particular to New England or the southern states of the U.S., and the example words given in this key are to be understood as pronounced in such speech.
The letters b, d, f, h, k, l, m, n, p, r, s, t, v, and z have their usual English values. d is also used to represent a "flapped" t, as in bitter. Other symbols are used as follows:
|ɛ|| ||bed, hair|
|ə|| ||ago, run, person|
|ɪ|| ||sit, near|
|i|| ||see, cosy|
|ɑ|| ||hot, arm|
|ʊ|| ||put, poor|
In multisyllable words the symbol ˈ is used to show that the following syllable is stressed, as in cabal /kəˈbɑl/; the symbol ˌ indicates a secondary stress, as in coriander /ˌkɔriˈændər/.
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