Key to American English IPA pronunciations

The pronunciations given represent a general accent of American English, without certain features particular to New England or the southern states of the U.S., and the example words given in this key are to be understood as pronounced in such speech.

The letters b, d, f, h, k, l, m, n, p, r, s, t, v, and z have their usual English values. d is also used to represent a "flapped" t, as in bitter. Other symbols are used as follows:

Consonants

Symbol
 
Example
g
as in
get

 
chip

 
jar
x
 
loch
ŋ
 
ring
θ
 
thin
ð
 
this
ʃ
 
she
ʒ
 
decision
j
 
yes
(h)w
 
when

Vowels

Symbol
 
Example
æ
as in
cat
ɛ
 
bed, hair
ə
 
ago, run, person
ɪ
 
sit, near
i
 
see, cosy
ɑ
 
hot, arm
ʊ
 
put, poor
ɔ
 
saw
u
 
too

 
my

 
how

 
day
ɔɪ
 
boy

 
no

In multisyllable words the symbol ˈ is used to show that the following syllable is stressed, as in cabal /kəˈbɑl/; the symbol ˌ indicates a secondary stress, as in coriander /ˌkɔriˈændər/.