Key to pronunciations (US English dictionary)

A simple respelling system is used to show how entries are pronounced.

The letters b, d, f, h, k, l, m, n, p, r, s, t, v, and z have their usual English values.

Other symbols are used as follows:

Consonants

respelling symbol
 
Example
g
as in
get
CH
 
chip
j
 
jar
KH
 
loch
NG
 
ring
TH
 
thin
TH
 
this
SH
 
she
ZH
 
decision
y
 
yes
(h)w
 
when

Vowels

respelling symbol
 
Example
a
as in
cat
e
 
bed
ə
 
ago, run, person
i
 
sit, cosy
i
 
cosy
ä
 
hot, arm
 
put, poor
e(ə)r
 
hair
ē
 
see
ô
 
saw

 
too
ī
 
my
ou
 
how
ā
 
day
ō
 
no
i(ə)r
 
near
oi
 
boy
   
œ (foreign)
as in
Goethe, French boeuf
ʏ (foreign)
 Utrecht, French rue.
N (foreign)
 Does not represent a separate sound; it indicates that the preceding vowel is nasalised, as in French bon.

 

In polysyllabic words the symbol ˈ is used to show that the following syllable is stressed, as in cabal /kəˈbäl/.
The symbol ˌ indicates a secondary stress, as in collocation /ˌkäləˈkāSHən/.