Definition of Zimbabwe African National Union in English:

Zimbabwe African National Union

(also ZANU, ZANU–PF)

proper noun

  • A Zimbabwean political party formed in 1963 as a guerrilla organization and led from 1975 by Robert Mugabe.

Having formed an alliance (called the Patriotic Front) with ZAPU in 1976 to coordinate opposition to white rule, ZANU won a large majority in the first post-independence elections (1980). ZANU and ZAPU ruled Zimbabwe as a coalition until a rift developed between them in 1982; in 1987, however, the parties agreed formally to merge, adopting the name ZANU–PF on merger in 1989