One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
- another term for choler
- ‘Our bodies were thought to be composed of blood, phlegm, black bile, and yellow bile just as the world at large consisted of earth, air, fire, and water.’
- ‘However, because of his great influence, Aristotle also helped to perpetuate the notion that human emotions were controlled by four cardinal ‘humours', two of which - yellow bile and black bile - emanated from the liver.’
- ‘They were associated with the four elements and seasons and gave rise to certain temperaments - blood/air/sanguine; phlegm/water/phlegmatic; yellow bile/fire/choleric and black bile/earth/melancholic.’
- ‘Each of these four humours is related to the three principal points of the body: head, heart, black bile and yellow bile (the liver's complement, the gall bladder).’
- ‘Until the acceptance of germ theory as the cause of disease, the theory and practice of medicine were based on the Hippocratic tenet that the four humors of the human body dictated disease: blood, yellow bile, black bile, and phlegm.’
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