Definition of Yayoi in English:

Yayoi

noun

Archaeology
  • [usually as modifier] A Japanese culture following the Jomon period and dated to c.300 bc–ad 300. It was marked by the introduction of rice cultivation, and the appearance of large burial mounds has suggested the emergence of an increasingly powerful ruling class.

    • ‘These immigrants, the Yayoi, were agriculturalists whose physical traits differed markedly from the Jomon.’
    • ‘In this new publication, Tange expanded on themes that he had already begun to explore in the earlier writings on Jomon and Yayoi.’
    • ‘The presence of both Jomon and Yayoi cultures contributed depth and complexity to the Ise complex.’
    • ‘The plot shows that the highest societal level reached at any point in Japanese civilization occurred during the Yayoi period in AD 76.’
    • ‘The third stage in Japanese prehistory, the Kofun, or Tumulus, period, represents a modification of Yayoi culture, attributable either to internal development or external force.’

Origin

Early 20th century: Japanese, the name of a street in Tokyo where its characteristic pottery (chiefly wheel-made) was first discovered.

Pronunciation:

Yayoi

/ˈjɑːjɔɪ/