Definition of within in English:

within

preposition

  • 1Inside (something)

    ‘the spread of fire within the building’
    • ‘The fire was contained within the house, but Mrs Hewitt said she feared at one point that it might spread next door.’
    • ‘He's had an immediate impact just with his ideas and a number of initiatives within the squad.’
    • ‘They showed the character that is now instantly recognizable within the county squad.’
    • ‘The presenters claim morale within the rank and file of the BBC is disintegrating as a result.’
    • ‘Despite the fact that the destitution still lingers in my mind, trips like these strengthen the morale within a squad.’
    • ‘The report is actually a rehash of several reviews that have taken place within the Fire Service over a number of years.’
    • ‘A fire flickered from within; its light occasionally crept out of the window against the moon.’
    • ‘He shoots a fire ball from the spear head and a small pillar of fire erupts from within the cauldron.’
    • ‘Each stripe indicates a chief's standing within their fire department, he said.’
    • ‘Off this is the sitting room with timber floors and a gas fire set within an ornate fireplace.’
    • ‘As for movement within buildings, even that is now held as a bad idea.’
    • ‘Morale remains high within the team and key players are expected to return to strengthen the squad over the next month.’
    • ‘Mr Bradbury said people should know better than to start any sort of fire within a forest, even if they thought it was only an old tree trunk.’
    • ‘The plans, thankfully, have been postponed but not without a huge loss of morale within the service.’
    • ‘Broken buildings surrounded her, their silhouettes illuminated by the fires which danced within them.’
    • ‘However, appointing Milburn may well be the spark that lights the fire of civil war within the Party.’
    • ‘Morale within police ranks is said to be rock bottom, and public confidence in policing is shaky.’
    • ‘As a result his goals dried up, his form and morale declined, and he was marginalised within the first team squad.’
    • ‘Not this time she thought with renewed aggression and fire burning within her bright mahogany eyes.’
    • ‘It is part of the function of establishing high morale within the school.’
    inside, in, within the bounds of, within the confines of, enclosed by, surrounded by
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    1. 1.1 Inside the range of (an area or boundary)
      ‘property located within the green belt’
      • ‘The scheme will now be expanded to cover the whole area within the city centre ring road and not just the main shopping areas.’
      • ‘The main Olympic complex is at Homebush Bay, which is within the Sydney area but not within the city of Sydney itself.’
      • ‘The table on the right shows the performance of each property type within each postal area.’
      • ‘The fire was contained within the yard, where there were hundreds of tyres, and did not spread to other units on the estate.’
      • ‘The old field names of the individual townlands within the Kilmovee area are not being compiled.’
      • ‘We also have information on whether a property is located within a floodplain or not.’
      • ‘The Nursery at Park Hill is an integral part of the school housed in a bright sunny building within the school grounds.’
      • ‘Both cities have a shortage of better-off areas within their boundaries.’
      • ‘Where did you study and did you have any particular area of interest within the field?’
      • ‘The group was given the right to take action in areas falling within its field of competence.’
      • ‘The idea is to showcase groups working in all sorts of areas within the city and get more people involved.’
      • ‘Local botanists tell me that this plant has only been found once within the city boundary since 1970.’
      • ‘Edinburgh has a mere half million inhabitants, the bulk of whom reside within her city boundary.’
      • ‘The incentives are only available to people living within the city boundary.’
      • ‘Greater Manchester Police has a list of missing people from within its boundaries and from neighbouring areas.’
      • ‘The plan states that new retail development is most suitably located within the city centre.’
      • ‘This will also give you an idea of the demand for rental properties within that area.’
      • ‘He added that the team was looking to replace a number of bus shelters within the city centre area.’
      • ‘There were just two small areas of land within the city's draft local plan that remained undeveloped, he said.’
      • ‘The area stands within the green belt despite having been an industrial site in use since the late 18th century.’
      inside, inside the limits of, inside the range of, within the bounds of
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    2. 1.2 Inside the range of (a specified action or perception)
      ‘we were within sight of the finish’
      • ‘On the northern edge of Kilmarnock, the Kingley Park site is within easy reach of Glasgow.’
      • ‘Higher studies and professional education should be within the reach of the students.’
      • ‘Human perception is merely included within the flux of images that is reality.’
      • ‘The young man reportedly ransacked the house, destroying everything within his reach.’
      • ‘That their way is not right or proper or any way within the boundaries of normal behaviour hardly matters.’
      • ‘Sadly, many of these sculptures have the noses chopped off, as they are all within arm's reach.’
      • ‘A true graffiti artist is definitely working within psychogeography, the perception of space and so on.’
      • ‘The Slieve Bloom mountains and a number of forest parks are within easy reach.’
      • ‘If by any chance you get bored and fancy a change of scene, there's nowhere like the Park Bar within easy reach.’
      • ‘Many students go to the schools as the institutions are within their reach.’
      • ‘What's more it's in a superb location within easy reach of local shops and train and bus services to Hammersmith.’
      • ‘A fire extinguisher is best bolted to the inside of the cabin, again within easy reach, but not in the way of your movement in and out.’
      • ‘The target within their reach must be album chart success and playing Academy-size venues by next Christmas.’
      • ‘It must also be within easy reach of the station, buses and car parks.’
      • ‘I like the nice big buttons on the heater controls, and everything inside is within easy reach.’
    3. 1.3 Inside the bounds set by (a concept, argument, etc.)
      ‘full cooperation within the terms of the treaty’
      • ‘The interests of the powerful demand that political debate exist only within narrow bounds.’
      • ‘For the next hundred years, the argument would be within the centre-left, with the Tories left out in the cold.’
      • ‘The practice and expression of human sexuality is to be enjoyed only within the bounds of marriage between a man and a woman.’
      • ‘Since the central role of the police is to protect us I want them to do this efficiently within the bounds of an open society.’
      • ‘The central novum of any of this type of work, according to Suvin, has to be within the bounds of scientific reason.’
      • ‘Only within the bounds of belief, within attachment to the duties of faith, can anyone hope to walk the path to paradise.’
      • ‘They want quality and variety and, provided that the prices are within bounds, they are prepared to pay.’
      • ‘The never-ending fuss about the propriety of testing helps to keep the practice within bounds.’
      • ‘He says reliability was within the bounds of what he expected but ‘probably at the lower end’.’
      • ‘Moreover, the term did not stay within the bounds set for it by the song collectors of the first revival.’
      • ‘There were a number of incidents that were obviously not within the sporting bounds that we require.’
      • ‘After they met, the tape belonged to Moore to use as he saw fit - within the bounds of the law.’
      • ‘It proved a deft way to celebrate a desire to innovate while staying within the bounds of tradition.’
      • ‘I already have a pretty good idea of who I am, but I have defined that within the bounds of my life here.’
      • ‘Such examples are, I grant you, hardly within the bounds of the unspoken gentlemanly code of the angler.’
      • ‘Others will grant authority to the use of force if it falls within bounds of justice and reason.’
      • ‘I know I am dying, but I rely on my medical support team to prolong my life within the bounds of medical science.’
      • ‘Is that what it takes to bring traffic back within acceptable bounds?’
      • ‘Language evolves but, necessarily, within the bounds of shared comprehension.’
      • ‘It is too bound, conceptually, within our perspectives of the power of the United States.’
  • 2Not further off than (used with distances)

    ‘he lives within a few miles of Oxford’
    • ‘Good to see a local hangout that's within staggering distance home if you're totally mangled.’
    • ‘Now my brother was telling me we'd grown up within spitting distance of a nuclear dump.’
    • ‘Sometimes she had been within touching distance of the silverware but then panic set in and the chance had slipped from her grasp.’
    • ‘Let's just put it this way - no animal, even one asleep and within spitting distance, need fear me with a gun in my hand.’
    • ‘We have everything a village needs well within walking/cycling distance and not every household has a car.’
    • ‘It boasts a fairly good selection of drinks and is within walking distance from the sleeping quarters.’
    • ‘Any airlines, anywhere, whose finances are within taxiing distance of the brink could simply collapse.’
    • ‘Carlow were the better team overall and are now within striking distance of the semi-finals.’
    • ‘I have always lived within walking distance of it and I love being down there.’
    • ‘It'll be nice to think living within strolling distance of both a multiplex and an arthouse will perk up my film-going.’
    • ‘Over 2,000 people worked in the mills, most living within walking distance and many of them children.’
    • ‘Last year, I lived within walking distance of the carnival route, and I went in both days to soak up the atmosphere.’
    • ‘Granada's pleasures are mostly within walkable distance, but it is hilly, so you may choose to ride up and walk down.’
    • ‘Anyone within hailing distance of a currach should get over there.’
    • ‘If it's within reasonable walking distance, try doing this next Sunday.’
    • ‘Be bloody good to see the parents again, I miss living within driving distance.’
    • ‘In this instance, we want our children to attend their local school, the only one within walking distance of our homes.’
    • ‘This is no European event: this race is within spitting distance of Bonn and is the German Grand Prix in all but name.’
    • ‘Bizarrely her office will be within spitting distance of mine, so I imagine that we'll be seeing a lot more of each other.’
    • ‘But just as they get within touching distance of the prize, the boys in blue have barred Wigan's path.’
  • 3Occurring inside (a particular period of time)

    ‘tickets were sold out within two hours’
    ‘33 per cent offended again within two years of being released’
    • ‘A mother and her four children were today in fear for their lives after two suspicious fires at their home within days.’
    • ‘They claim they could have reached him within 30 minutes, but were refused permission to try.’
    • ‘The first show on Thursday June 26 sold out within hours of tickets going on sale.’
    • ‘The first delivery of organic oven-ready chickens last Friday was sold out within an hour.’
    • ‘Local woman, Siobhan Leahy who had an array of homebaking on display was sold out within an hour.’
    • ‘Despite the £25 price tag, all the tickets sold out within hours of going on sale.’
    • ‘He was fired within six weeks even though he had headed the department for eighteen years.’
    • ‘Cliff Richard shows usually sell out within hours of going on sale.’
    • ‘Twenty firefighters ascended the building in two groups and put out the fire within two minutes.’
    • ‘The entire European tour sold out within hours of the band announcing it on their website.’
    • ‘The building was engulfed in flames within minutes of the fire starting on the ground floor.’
    • ‘Johnny helps Philip get the fire started and within moments, it's raging out of control.’
    • ‘The 500 tickets for the opening night sold out within three hours earlier this year.’
    • ‘The 3,900 seats for the show sold out within two hours of going on sale at the end of last week.’
    • ‘Each person had to make as many sales as they could within a one hour period.’
    • ‘Scottish pupils are entitled to 500 hours of instruction within a six-year period.’
    • ‘Mr Barr said this would extinguish the fire within a matter of seconds.’
    • ‘Last fall heavy rains took the subway system out of service twice within a two week period of time.’
    • ‘Share options give you the right to buy or sell a share at a certain price within a fixed time period.’
    • ‘But within that period, the price of a gilt may move up and down depending on what else is happening to interest rates.’
    in less than, in under, in no more than, after only
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adverb

  • 1Inside; indoors.

    ‘enquire within’
    indoors, within, in
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    1. 1.1 Internally or inwardly.
      ‘beauty coming from within’
      • ‘Her skin glowed with an eerie light, as if she was lit with a dying fire from within.’
      • ‘Happiness comes from contentment within and no amount of money will change that.’
      • ‘My blood boiled and burned like acid fire within me but I forced my will to ignore it.’
      inside, internally, within, deep down, deep down inside, deep within, at heart, in one's heart, in one's heart of hearts, in one's mind, to oneself
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Phrases

  • within doors

    • dated Indoors.

      • ‘All dainty and showy apparel is forbidden by the state of the atmosphere, and equally so is delicate upholstery within doors.’
      • ‘In all this only once at night, around 10 p.m. a patrol marched into the locality and disappeared after giving instructions to keep within doors and keep the lights off.’

Origin

Late Old English withinnan ‘on the inside’.

Pronunciation

within

/wɪðˈɪn/