Definition of wither in English:



  • 1no object (of a plant) become dry and shrivelled.

    ‘the grass had withered to an unappealing brown’
    ‘withered leaves’
    • ‘The world suddenly became cold as the grass withered down to nothing.’
    • ‘After all flowers have withered, cut off the entire stem.’
    • ‘The same tree withers, droops and drops the dead leaves in autumn.’
    • ‘The plant's foliage withers back during the summer while pretty, orange-red berries appear in the fall.’
    • ‘This delicate flower will wither and blow away like dust in the wind if it's not watered with affection and the light of love doesn't shine.’
    • ‘Whenever he touched the ground the grass withered and died underneath his foot.’
    • ‘Staring in disbelief Kana realized that the flower had withered slowly beneath her touch.’
    • ‘As autumn shows its tail, osmanthus flowers wither but the scent lingers, though not as fragrant as before.’
    • ‘Crops were withering, cattle were dying, and the river that once sculpted canyons was a trickle.’
    • ‘A slow descent into a long and murky winter; on my doorstep, the colourful leaves on the trees withered and fell, and there was no spring.’
    • ‘Adolphus aimed the mouth of his flame-thrower at the flowered archway and let the flowers wither under the imagined flames of his mind, and he delighted in this.’
    • ‘Finally, an attempt is made to tie the episode of the fig tree withering to Homer.’
    • ‘Many Tibetans believe that in ancient times Jiuzhaigou suffered such disasters that its mountains collapsed, trees and flowers withered and inhabitants fled.’
    • ‘The delicate anicham flower withers when merely smelled, but an unwelcome look is enough to wither a guest's heart.’
    • ‘An instant of heat and he was suddenly standing at the edge of a great expanse of grassland, the grass withered and blackened in places but generally a dry yellow.’
    • ‘And the evidence abounds: thick truncated trunks still pushing out new sprigs, charred stumps, and entire trees withering on the roadside.’
    • ‘Weeds wither within a few minutes (though perennial weeds will require repeat applications).’
    • ‘He's so ugly his smile makes leaves fall off trees, grass wither and die, and animals flee in terror.’
    • ‘He sees the crops withered through drought and devoured by pests on a shrivelled land struggling to escape the paralysis of famine.’
    • ‘Development of the tagged inflorescences was examined daily until the flowers had withered.’
    wilt, become limp, droop, fade
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 (of a part of the body) become shrunken or wrinkled from age or disease.
      ‘a girl with a withered arm’
      • ‘I am classic Northern/Celtic stock, and I wither in this weather.’
      • ‘His body withered and shriveled like a prune in the sun, and, as Juktis watched, he turned into dust and was carried away to drift on the winds for all of eternity.’
      • ‘Prolonged boozing can actually eat away at a man's body, leaving his wedding tackle withered, his muscles punier and his bones weaker.’
      • ‘Her eyes were a pale red, her body seemed withered and drawn out, and she was constantly yawning.’
      • ‘Over the years, his muscles withered, his bones thinned, and he suffered repeated bouts of infection and life-threatening complications.’
      • ‘Prominent community members wither and die in silence because the disease is considered so shameful.’
      • ‘Nemeth was probably being taken to Tardonia, either to be ransomed or more likely to be unpleasantly executed, body charred and features withered by hostile magic.’
      • ‘His thin body is withered and frail, and he shivers in the cold night air.’
      • ‘Lord Keel was covered in several large wounds in his chest and his skin had withered and thinned as if he had been dried like a mannequin.’
      • ‘My friends' faces and arms tanned a beautiful bronze while my arms withered, blistered, burned and peeled.’
      • ‘All the time Jeremiah talked, Mathias edged closer to the body, making the girl seem to shrink and wither before the size of him.’
      • ‘With no need for locomotion, the arms and legs withered into pencil thin stumps.’
      • ‘His body was wrinkled and withered, slightly bent over and hunched.’
      • ‘Her fingers were old and withered, wrinkles and extra skin from weight loss that had happened too quickly made the effect even worse.’
      • ‘The other Guards stood back in horror as the man's body hit the floor, a gaunt, withered, specter of their own future.’
      • ‘For the body withering under the polluted skies of the City, with all the energies drained by the daily rigmarole of life, this is manna from heaven!’
      • ‘He was dressed in only a pair of boxer shorts, his body withered and pale.’
      • ‘Her whole body seemed sucked dry of every liquid; she seemed withered in old age when she heard the two words that would forever change her life.’
      • ‘While bodies may wither, or fall ill, with age, the mind can remain good.’
      • ‘The body might wither and die, but the thing that is the person, the essence, the soul lives on.’
      waste, waste away, become shrunken, shrivel, shrivel up, atrophy, decay
      View synonyms
  • 2no object Fall into decay or decline.

    ‘it is not true that old myths either die or wither away’
    • ‘The blast withered to nothing as the attack stopped; Joshua fell from his position, hitting the ground with a dull thud.’
    • ‘For creativity is a muscle that must be worked or it will gradually atrophy and wither.’
    • ‘We in New Zealand, you know, used to be able to relax a bit, to be able to think that we would sit comfortably while the rest of the world seared, singed, withered.’
    • ‘The snaps between characters fall flat, and all other attempts at comedy simply wither and die.’
    • ‘If you trust me I will instil in you the correct moral values so needed in this age of sexual libertarianism and moral decay, and also aid your withered self esteem.’
    • ‘Everything that had made me a beautiful, cheerful girl had withered and died on the twenty-third of June.’
    • ‘Phil Fontaine and Jane Stewart's Gathering Strength initiative began to wither.’
    • ‘The pressure not to split the team into warring camps during such a season was withering, and it fell on both of them.’
    • ‘The line of soldiers of Kalon began to wither and grow thin, only a few warriors remained and gaps in their lines were beginning to form as they were running out of men.’
    • ‘Players become shallow and lazy as important parts of their game wither and atrophy from disuse.’
    diminish, dwindle, shrink, lessen, fade, ebb, ebb away, wane, weaken, languish
    View synonyms
    1. 2.1with object Cause to decline or deteriorate; weaken.
      ‘a business that can wither the hardiest ego’
      • ‘‘Age cannot wither her not custom stale her infinite variety’ said Shakespeare of his heroine Cleopatra.’
      • ‘There are so many things that wither and devour the flesh.’
      • ‘It is not anti-Semitic, but it is about anti-Semitism and how the prejudice withers its perpetrators as well as their victims.’
      • ‘A Hampshire airman will be proving that age certainly has not withered him when he pilots a replica First World War plane this weekend.’
      • ‘Kelly was a conservative columnist known for withering criticisms of former president Bill Clinton and his vice president Al Gore, and also worked for the New Republic and Atlantic Monthly magazines.’
    2. 2.2wither away (of the state in Marxist theory) cease to exist because no longer necessary after the dictatorship of the proletariat has implemented the necessary changes in society.
      ‘the state in socialist societies has failed to wither away’
      • ‘Though Marxists argue that under communism the state will wither away, it is precisely in communist societies that state control grew to enormous proportions.’
      • ‘On the plus side, the BNP will wither away like the State in an ideal Socialist society.’
      • ‘This, combined with the ideal of the class-less society and the expected withering away of the state after the revolution, implies a form of cosmopolitanism of its own.’
      • ‘The Marxists states have mostly withered away - it's the capitalist states that are thriving.’
      • ‘Too bad it was the Marxist states that all withered away, so that people might enjoy enough freedom to make a little money and enjoy themselves a bit.’
  • 3with object Humiliate (someone) with a scornful look or manner.

    ‘she withered him with a glance’
    • ‘For half a century Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau withered any rival in vocal range with an austere glare and an iron grip on recording opportunities.’
    • ‘Caroline merely tucked a curl behind her ear and withered him with a stare she had studied from Margaret Thatcher until he wilted completely.’
    • ‘Carrie withered her, and for a second Stevie was taken aback.’
    • ‘For those who see her withering her opponents with television soundbites, it comes as a surprise to find her sense of humour always bubbling close to the surface.’
    • ‘That Simpsons parody comes to mind: the state-of-the-art sonic blast withers the theater crowd, and cracks teeth.’
    • ‘They are quite likely to see right through you and your feckless ways, like Saffy in Absolutely Fabulous withering Edina and Patsy with her magnificently polished disdain.’
    • ‘With blazing and scornful eyes she fairly withered him by demanding whatever he meant by speaking to respectable people that way.’


  • wither on the vine

    • Fail to be implemented or dealt with because of inaction.

      ‘that resolution clearly withered on the vine’
      • ‘We have two great resources withering on the vine just at a time when the world is desperate to see if we can be as resourceful as the people who are perceived to be inundating us.’
      • ‘The objectionable institution of an advisory board is an appendage to a funding bill necessary to keep the underfunded Middle Eastern Studies programs from withering on the vine.’
      • ‘Other small live music venues just withered on the vine.’
      • ‘It was the second phase of a development of the Coniston estate, and although the first phase, which included a 40 bedroom hotel, was swiftly completed, the golf course plan appears to have withered on the vine.’
      • ‘There was a danger they could have withered on the vine.’
      • ‘It will mean the withering on the vine of Tory opposition to UK membership of the euro.’
      • ‘The other route would see the fruits of eight years of growth wither on the vine through inaction and lack of imagination.’
      • ‘With the fruit withering on the vine, word came that a deal was being cut between Habbibi and Dostum.’
      • ‘And despite this summer's favorable Supreme Court ruling, school vouchers remain a scholastic Schindler's List - rescuing children one at a time while an entire generation of abandoned kids withers on the vine.’
      • ‘‘Talks have gone dead after the company looked at its figures again, and the deal has withered on the vine,’ said Mr Robinson.’


Late Middle English: apparently a variant of weather, ultimately differentiated for certain senses.