Main definitions of wilt in English

: wilt1wilt2

wilt1

verb

  • 1[no object] (of a plant, leaf, or flower) become limp through heat, loss of water, or disease; droop.

    • ‘The crown and roots of these infected plants turn dark and soft, and the leaves usually wilt.’
    • ‘Similarly, in cut chrysanthemum flowers, the leaves often wilt, due to a blockage for water transport in the xylem of the basal stem part.’
    • ‘In the heat, the grass grows rapidly and the flowers wilt fast, so there was much to be done.’
    • ‘The leaves turn a yellow-bronze, and within a day or two, the upper leaves wilt, then the lower leaves wilt.’
    • ‘Often the first sign is black or burgundy sap oozing from tiny holes in the bark; soon after, the tree wilts, turning starkly brown.’
    • ‘If any of the cut leaves wilt and turn brown, remove and dispose of them.’
    • ‘Watch your plants and if you see leaves wilting, don't wait until they discolor and die, but find out the cause.’
    • ‘A severe infestation will cause the plant to wilt; leaves may yellow and fall.’
    • ‘At this time, chill treatment seedlings were severely wilted with extensive leaf rolling characteristic of water-stressed maize.’
    • ‘If plants start to wilt slightly water them right away.’
    • ‘As a consequence, leaves may wilt or even be injured as previously observed for cucumber and figleaf gourd in response to low root temperature.’
    • ‘The first symptoms of this fungal disease are yellowing or bronzing leaves that wilt, followed by sudden plant death.’
    • ‘In the spring, you will be letting the leaves wilt on their own and dry up.’
    • ‘Insufficient removal of these air embolisms may result in serious water stress which may lead to early leaf wilting as previously shown in chrysanthemum cut flowers.’
    • ‘When this condition exists, the leaves of plants wilt or curl.’
    • ‘If you see leaf wilting or hard, caked soil, water the trees well and slowly enough to allow the water to soak in.’
    • ‘The best time of day to cut is midmorning, after the dew has dried but well before any flowers wilt.’
    • ‘When a squash stem suddenly wilts, and you find punctures or cracks near the base of the plant, you know that squash vine borer is present.’
    • ‘The tress had been broken into two, the flowers had all wilted, and the grass was all brown.’
    • ‘On return to air these leaves wilted and yellowed rapidly.’
    droop, sag, become limp, become flaccid, flop
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 (of a person) lose energy, vigour, or confidence:
      ‘Lady Beresford was beginning to wilt as she greeted the long line of guests’
      • ‘The Wolves players wilted, the Bolton players grew and the officials did not dare give a decision against us.’
      • ‘It was sweltering hot, and she looked like she was wilting.’
      • ‘Most people wilt under my malevolent glare and scurry away, with the exception of my friend's ex who replied, ‘You find me a microwave big enough first!’’
      • ‘I have seen people wilt under infinitely less, and she just maintained class and dignity throughout.’
      • ‘He didn't wilt under pressure, he was forceful without being discourteous - if anyone appeared ready for the responsibilities of the White House, it was he.’
      • ‘But he was a harder man now, he didn't wilt when confronted.’
      • ‘Gone was the haughty princess, and in her place stood a fragile girl wilting at his harsh words.’
      • ‘What with chasing up health care, and taking delivery of 200 gallons of heating oil, and tackling a stream of official forms and stuff, I was wilting more than just a little by the end of the afternoon.’
      • ‘Emma looks ready to kill - I'm surprised Jeremy isn't wilting under the glare she's giving him.’
      • ‘If we didn't wilt against France we won't wilt against Wales, who are not really known for their conditioning.’
      • ‘Yesterday the sun finally came out and in 27C sunshine we all immediately wilted and complained about the too sunny weather.’
      • ‘Well, it's not as if he automatically wilts in front of hostile New York crowds.’
      • ‘It was time then for more wandering; there was a couple of dance stages and some precictable stalls but by now I was wilting and craving a cool drink.’
      • ‘Philip could see David wilting as the conflicting desires to help his sister and to look for peace came against each other.’
      • ‘We also learned that just because the game lasts for 80 minutes the Irish players won't wilt like they used to.’
      • ‘He will certainly need to better his stamina, as he visibly wilted in the later rounds, never having gone further than eight rounds in the past.’
      • ‘But we haven't wilted against a top side who are third in the table despite going a goal down so early.’
      • ‘It had been another hot, sunny morning and I was wilting.’
      • ‘For their part, China's leaders want to prove to their people that they aren't wilting under Western pressure.’
      • ‘A side with as much Grand Final experience as Bradford should have been able to handle the situation, but they simply wilted in the cauldron-like atmosphere of a packed-out Old Trafford.’
      languish, flag, lose energy, become listless, feel faint, feel weak
      View synonyms
  • 2[with object] Leave (mown grass or a forage crop) in the open to dry partially before being collected for silage.

    • ‘There will be no effluent in baled silage if the grass is wilted to above 23% dry matter.’
    • ‘If weather dries up, wilt this grass and use a preservative if sugars are low.’
    • ‘Alfalfa herbage was wilted, chopped, and conserved as AS by procedures and in a storage structure defined previously for SGS.’

noun

  • [mass noun], [usually with modifier] Any of a number of fungal or bacterial diseases of plants characterized by wilting of the foliage:

    ‘these varieties are more resistant to aphids and wilt’
    • ‘Another serious fungal disease in Africa is Fusarium wilt or Panama disease, which attacks the roots of the banana plant, affecting the vascular system required for mineral and water transport.’
    • ‘One cause of such calamity is clematis wilt, a fungal disease.’
    • ‘Occasionally it can be attacked by leafy mistletoe, verticillium wilt, fungal diseases, stem borers, scale, and some rodents.’
    • ‘Resistant varieties that were also winter hardy were released in the 1940s. Grimm is still produced in Canada, where bacterial wilt is not a problem.’
    • ‘Older varieties can be troublesome, prone to powdery mildew and wilt, particularly in the kind of hot dry summer we had this year.’
    • ‘Cucumber and melon plants infected with or killed by bacterial wilt should be pulled up and placed in a closed garbage container.’
    • ‘She has never seen a tomatillo plant suffer from fusarium or verticillium wilt, two soil-borne fungus diseases that affect tomatoes and other members of the Solanaceae family.’
    • ‘Fusarium wilt kills plants by cutting off nutrient supply from the roots and is one of the biggest dangers facing lupin production in Europe and Russia.’
    • ‘A form of bacterial wilt which withers healthy banana plants and prematurely ripens fruits into a smelly goo is destroying crops and livelihoods as it moves across Uganda.’
    • ‘One major advantage of growing in containers is that you can keep plants free of common soilborne fungal diseases: verticillium and fusarium wilt.’
    • ‘They are blamed with spreading bacterial wilt and cucumber mosaic.’
    • ‘In the past, grafting was used widely with tomato to limit the effects of fusarium wilt, but the reasons for grafting, as well as the kinds of vegetables grafted, have increased dramatically over the years.’
    • ‘A collection trip to Bolivia yielded strains of peanuts that may be resistant to tomato spotted wilt virus, a disease that reduces peanut size and yield.’
    • ‘Hail damage can increase the incidence of corn smut, stalk rot, Goss's bacterial wilt and blight and holcus spot.’
    • ‘Some forms of this fungus cause wilt diseases that diminish yields of corn, cotton, tomatoes, and other crops.’
    • ‘The most common diseases are verticillium wilt and phomopsis blight.’
    • ‘Though this doesn't prove that the bacterium causes bronze wilt, there is a high correlation between the presence of the bacterium and disease symptoms.’
    • ‘The four most common tomato diseases are verticillium wilt, fusarium wilt, nematode infestation and tobacco mosaic virus.’
    • ‘Fusarium wilt and rust cause major problems in the lupin industry overseas, but not in Australia.’
    • ‘Both stages can carry bacterial wilt or cucumber mosaic virus, diseases that will quickly kill the plant.’

Origin

Late 17th century (originally dialect): perhaps an alteration of dialect welk ‘lose freshness’, of Low German origin.

Pronunciation:

wilt

/wɪlt/

Main definitions of wilt in English

: wilt1wilt2

wilt2

  • archaic second person singular of will

Pronunciation:

wilt

/wɪlt/