Definition of waste in English:

waste

verb

  • 1with object Use or expend carelessly, extravagantly, or to no purpose.

    ‘we can't afford to waste electricity’
    ‘I don't use the car, so why should I waste precious money on it?’
    • ‘With so little of my book written and so little time to finish it, I can not really afford to waste time.’
    • ‘Don't try to scream, for you will just waste your energy.’
    • ‘She wasn't about to waste anymore of her precious resting time.’
    • ‘One-third to one-half of all the energy consumed by small business is wasted through inefficiency.’
    • ‘The kids had left her in the darkness, knowing the overseers would have punished them for wasting electricity.’
    • ‘In the latter case the holding of the meeting would have served no useful purpose and would merely waste the available assets of the bankrupt's estate.’
    • ‘By that action, we also don't waste so many natural resources.’
    • ‘Nobody wants to see valuable funds wasted on pet projects.’
    • ‘Then again, both of the fellows in question drove expensive imported cars, so they probably can't afford to waste a cent extra if they want to keep up with their repayments.’
    • ‘Here he argued that Russians themselves did not want to make peace with Napoleon, and consequently Britain had no purpose in wasting its gold to invoke mutual hatred.’
    • ‘Money is going to be wasted on this project even before it begins.’
    • ‘A leaking tap, for instance, can waste up to 90 litres per day.’
    • ‘The conclusion is that £434,950 a year is being wasted on heating and electricity: money that could be saved if the buildings were more energy efficient.’
    • ‘And I wonder whether I wasted what is the best time to make friends.’
    • ‘In actuality, we are wasting too much energy at home, on streets and elsewhere.’
    • ‘Mom said they couldn't afford to waste anything right now.’
    • ‘Why waste all this money on allowances, mayoral houses, mayoral vehicles, meetings, workshops, etc?’
    • ‘Frankly I can't afford to go wasting fifteen quid on something as needless as this.’
    • ‘Electricity from excess illumination wastes an enormous amount of energy needlessly.’
    • ‘Why waste all that money on TV ads?’
    squander, fritter away, misspend, misuse, spend recklessly, throw away, lavish, be wasteful with, dissipate, spend like water, throw around like confetti
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 Expend on an unappreciative recipient.
      ‘her small talk was wasted on this guest’
      • ‘The irony was wasted on the Americans as they swarmed down the crumbling alleys.’
      • ‘But like all other science and math teachers, his efforts were wasted on me.’
      • ‘By now I realised that singing lessons were wasted on the likes of me.’
      • ‘Holidays are wasted on those not in full-time employment!’
      • ‘At the age of 57 he is still out there rocking harder than those a third of his age - a shining example that youth is wasted on the young.’
      • ‘Some books are wasted on children.’
      • ‘The sardonic humour was wasted on him, and he begged me to give him the inside track on what drugs to take to win gold without the eternal shame of a life ban.’
      • ‘These are the sort of cellphones that are wasted on techno illiterates like me.’
      • ‘Yet this creed is wasted on Shanghai youth whose nostalgia keeps them glued to the city.’
      • ‘It is believed that education is wasted on girls, who will marry and take their wage-earning abilities to another household.’
      • ‘She spares her children - an act of generosity that is wasted on them.’
      • ‘I'm not a bad loser, it's more that I think the sensation of losing is wasted on me, whereas it's quite good for their development for them to feel it.’
      • ‘I've said it before (well, sort of), and I'll say it again, school is wasted on kids.’
      • ‘I guess that college, like youth, is wasted on the young.’
      • ‘They say youth is wasted on the young and experience on the retired.’
      • ‘If, as the adage goes, education is wasted on the young, it is tempting to wonder whether democracy is not wasted on voters.’
      • ‘It is in this hollowness that your words are wasted on an inattentive me.’
      • ‘Maybe so, but I have long said that wealth is wasted on the old.’
      • ‘It was widely assumed that the expense of higher education was wasted on girls.’
      • ‘Even when manners are wasted on the recipient, it is important to present the example of civilized behavior.’
    2. 1.2 Fail to make full or good use of.
      ‘we're wasted in this job’
      • ‘England's captain had given the ball away all afternoon, but he does not waste too many crossing opportunities.’
      • ‘There was no way I could stand another year in Andrews in my pathetic job which wasted my talents.’
      • ‘The supporting actors' talents are wasted in standard-issue roles.’
      • ‘Nancy Travis shows up for a few scenes as John's live-in girlfriend, but her character is sorely wasted.’
      • ‘He really is one of those guys who is wasted at his current job.’
      • ‘She is mostly wasted here, with little to do but putter around and slowly decline.’
      • ‘He is likewise wasted as a curly-haired dad whose sole job seems to be hugging his daughter.’
      • ‘Well, film lovers too feel that such talent should not be wasted in insignificant roles!’
      • ‘Elsewhere the vocal strength is wasted on dull content and music which has had much of the soul digitally removed from it.’
      • ‘An interesting thesis is wasted on a far too superficial script with some decent make-up effects.’
      • ‘I think she is wasting what once was a great talent.’
      • ‘Too bad those nice eyes are wasted on this jerk of a man.’
      • ‘It just seemed to me that the tropical island setting was totally wasted.’
      • ‘Russell is wasted in what is essentially a standard supportive wife role.’
      • ‘The only likable character was Pacey, and he was wasted during the season.’
      • ‘The film's approach to its cast is a textbook example of how to waste actors.’
      • ‘The best actors are wasted on one-note parental roles.’
      • ‘It's a shame that his acting abilities are wasted on such inconsequential drivel like this.’
      • ‘Goodman makes sure none of his employees are wasted.’
    3. 1.3 Deliberately dispose of (surplus stock)
      ‘20% of stock will need to be wasted’
  • 2no object (of a person or a part of the body) become progressively weaker and more emaciated.

    ‘she was visibly wasting away’
    ‘a wasting disease’
    • ‘I could not sit up because my muscles had wasted away.’
    • ‘Look at you, you're wasting away and you're too scared to go run back home.’
    • ‘Motor neurone disease affects the nerves to all the muscles in the body and victims gradually waste away.’
    • ‘He saw people being murdered and people wasting away.’
    • ‘For people wasting away from the side effects of chemotherapy, this could be a small bit of very good news, indeed.’
    • ‘While her brain remained sharp, her body wasted away.’
    • ‘Surely, it's time. He is wasting away and at 83 is so tired.’
    • ‘I have to be reassured by my wife that I am not wasting away, a bit like ‘does my bum look big in this?’’
    • ‘Somethings certainly have improved, many people are looking healthier, but they have discovered a new area where people are wasting away.’
    • ‘She was wasting away, but still had a sort of decaying beauty.’
    • ‘So far, the clinical trials have focused on patients with arthritis, wasting syndrome and high cholesterol.’
    • ‘He's wasting away, and there's nothing the healers can do.’
    • ‘Patients with wasting diseases were revitalised by drugs which stimulated the synthesis of protein, the key ingredient of muscle, bone and skin.’
    • ‘I am not wasting away, I am seldom ill and always recover quickly.’
    • ‘We will have to feed you up Juliet you are quite wasting away’
    • ‘Spinal muscular atrophy makes muscles waste away and is incurable.’
    • ‘He very convincingly portrayed a man struggling against a disease that meant he was wasting away in order to get something of extreme importance done.’
    • ‘It was heartbreaking to watch he and his brother literally wasting away, without hope of recovery.’
    • ‘When I was younger, my grandfather slowly wasted away, through nothing more than old age, but long before he died, he had lost all his mental faculties, and also any control over his body.’
    • ‘I still fancy him to bits, but I get a fright every time I set eyes on him: He's literally wasted away in front of my eyes these past few weeks.’
    grow weak, wither, atrophy, become emaciated, shrivel up, shrink, decay
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    1. 2.1archaic with object Make progressively weaker and more emaciated.
      ‘these symptoms wasted the patients very much’
  • 3literary with object Devastate or ruin (a place)

    ‘he seized their cattle and wasted their country’
    • ‘They proceed to unleash the monsters across the globe, who do what comes naturally, and start wasting cities.’
    destroy, devastate, lay waste, leave in ruins, wreak havoc on, ravage, leave desolate
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    1. 3.1North American informal with object Kill or severely injure (someone)
      ‘I saw them waste the guy I worked for’
      • ‘Each of you wasted a person who was infinitely more talented than you, and for what?’
      • ‘I'd like to fight somebody with a black belt and waste them.’
      • ‘But now the military's fresh faces can get a bit of the comforts of home - by wasting their pals in an online game.’
      • ‘If you're an extreme utilitarian, you might just accept the calculation at face value and waste the little guy.’
      • ‘But nobody ever pulls out a grenade launcher and wastes the guy with the battle ax.’
      • ‘I didn't want him dead, he was too good at what he did for me to waste him like that.’
      • ‘Sure enough, three of them leap at him, sensing the boy as the most powerful, planning to waste him.’
      murder, kill, do away with, assassinate, liquidate, do to death, eliminate, terminate, dispatch, finish off, put to death, execute
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  • 4literary no object (of time) pass away.

    ‘the years were wasting’

adjective

  • 1(of a material, substance, or by-product) eliminated or discarded as no longer useful or required after the completion of a process.

    ‘ensure that waste materials are disposed of responsibly’
    ‘plants produce oxygen as a waste product’
    • ‘The reef mines sank far underground, and used expensive machinery and complex metallurgical processes to separate the gold from the waste rock.’
    • ‘All our diseases are explained on the basis of deposition and fermentation of waste substances.’
    • ‘It is proposed that the waste timber product would be obtained from local forestry residues including thinnings.’
    • ‘The reporter asked to see how he processed his own waste water and he agreed.’
    • ‘Constructed wetlands have advantages over other means of treating waste water because they require little energy, chemical input or maintenance.’
    • ‘The incineration process produces a residual waste ash, which has to be transported and disposed of by landfilling.’
    • ‘Aquatic plant material and waste grain left in plowed fields make up the majority of the Canada Goose's diet.’
    • ‘One such body function is the occasional need to eliminate accumulated waste gases from the digestive tract.’
    • ‘Each stage in the production process uses the waste material of the previous one as its feedstock.’
    • ‘The conference, to be held in Tidworth in November, will show how thinking about rubbish as a raw material rather than a waste product can benefit businesses.’
    • ‘Then they will ship the bulk samples to Iqaluit for crushing and sorting, to separate the sapphire material from waste rock.’
    • ‘Local miners have been digging and collecting here for several years, moving many tons of overburden soil and waste rock in the process.’
    • ‘Paul sends me this story about a process to convert any waste matter into oil, gas and water.’
    • ‘Roof felts are essentially scrap paper bonded together with bitumen, a waste oil product that is put on the felt to saturate it.’
    • ‘They were taught how to make useful products out of waste paper, at a training programme held recently.’
    • ‘They can be made with simple materials such as waste paper.’
    • ‘This contract also excludes liability in respect of disposal or dumping of any waste materials or substances.’
    • ‘The lungs also contribute to this process by eliminating carbon dioxide which is the waste byproduct of glucose and lactic acid metabolism.’
    • ‘He introduced us to a product that recycles waste plastic into fuel that was invented in Japan.’
    • ‘He is also using the same process to turn waste wood from demolished buildings into biofibres that can then be used to make high-performance materials.’
    unwanted, excess, superfluous, left over, scrap, extra, unused, useless, worthless
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  • 2(of an area of land, typically an urban one) not used, cultivated, or built on.

    ‘a patch of waste ground’
    • ‘She knew he smoked in the waste area where the youths hung out and when he came home his clothes reeked of the weed.’
    • ‘It grows in pastures, cultivated fields, and waste places.’
    • ‘A major new leisure complex could be on the way for Burnley if plans to develop waste ground get the go-ahead.’
    • ‘Empty lager cans, plastic cider bottles and broken glass have turned the popular dog-walking area into waste ground.’
    • ‘He is surrounded by the detritus of his addiction in a waste area in the middle of a rubbish dump.’
    • ‘Thanks to the effort of local people, that derelict piece of waste ground has now been transformed into a thriving urban nature park.’
    • ‘Adding a 15m telephone mast and all its associated equipment would further make this waste area even more of an eyesore.’
    • ‘I am referring to Manchester Road Park which is an absolute disgrace and resembles a waste ground rather than a recreation area.’
    • ‘The facilities will be installed on an area of waste ground between the primary school and Westfield Road, and it is hoped that it will be open in time for the summer holidays.’
    • ‘Plans to transform waste ground in Westhoughton into a residential area have been given a cautious welcome.’
    • ‘Eighteen months ago, two factories on North Road were closed down and demolished, leaving a waste area which has become a dump.’
    • ‘Both crops also prevent erosion and provide revenue to offset the costs of managing waste sites.’
    • ‘The idea is to focus attention on problem areas which might otherwise be disregarded - such as waste ground - and to set a bench-mark for authorities to improve on.’
    • ‘However to the West of the estate lies an expanse of waste ground and swampland which very nearly cost the life of a young boy from the estate.’
    uncultivated, barren, desert, unproductive, infertile, unfruitful, arid, bare
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noun

  • 1An act or instance of using or expending something carelessly, extravagantly, or to no purpose.

    ‘it's a waste of time trying to argue with him’
    mass noun ‘they had learned to avoid waste’
    • ‘So, in fact, that process has been a complete waste of time.’
    • ‘The waste of talent in our country and in our world today is an affront.’
    • ‘These little actions are a waste of time, money and efforts.’
    • ‘You might think the opposition would savage such a profligate waste of taxpayers' money.’
    • ‘I have a whole rant about my sister's presence and the waste of money it was to bring her here to do nothing but sit around and watch television, but that's been said and done already.’
    • ‘And I don't know if I'm more afraid that it will be the hugest, grossest waste of my time ever, or that I will actually enjoy it.’
    • ‘Is funding a project like this a good idea or a waste of money?’
    • ‘In fact he reckons it's a giant waste of taxpayer's money.’
    • ‘It might be a waste of water, but in an extreme case it is a better alternative than a frozen, busted pipe on a freezing winter night.’
    • ‘Not surprisingly, the opinion of the people sitting around me was that the blimp was an absurd waste of taxpayer money.’
    • ‘It was an inappropriate appointment, in that it was clearly a dismal waste of his extravagant talents.’
    • ‘Most replies wanted the cheapest option and thought the council a waste of money.’
    • ‘We went for a weekend, which on the face of it sounds like an extravagant waste of time, but was actually painlessly good fun.’
    • ‘The waste of energy can hit the environment hard.’
    • ‘Elections even at a state level cost money and both parties wish to avoid an unnecessary waste of money by contesting in an election that they will lose.’
    • ‘But parents see this as a waste of taxpayers' money.’
    • ‘What exactly he intended with this disgusting waste of celluloid is a complete mystery.’
    • ‘When they barely had power for lighting it seemed an extravagant waste.’
    • ‘Others have called the project a waste of taxpayers' money.’
    • ‘It's a waste of time, a waste of your money, a waste of your life.’
    squandering, dissipation, frittering away, misspending, misuse, misapplication, misemployment, abuse
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    1. 1.1archaic mass noun The gradual loss or diminution of something.
      ‘he was pale and weak from waste of blood’
      deprivation, disappearance, losing, privation, forfeiture, squandering, dissipation
      View synonyms
  • 2also wastesmass noun Unwanted or unusable material, substances, or by-products.

    ‘nuclear waste’
    ‘hazardous industrial wastes’
    • ‘Failing to cover body wastes in open latrines promoted the spread of disease by flies.’
    • ‘Companies didn't stop dumping toxic wastes into rivers because the government asked them nicely.’
    • ‘By 2010, Massachusetts wants to reduce municipal solid waste by 70 percent statewide.’
    • ‘Americans are right to refuse truckloads of garbage that contain biomedical waste and radioactive material.’
    • ‘I already compost my garden and kitchen waste in my two compost bins.’
    • ‘Many are turned into cesspools and dumping sites for solid waste, including hazardous materials.’
    • ‘Hazardous wastes should not be put out with normal household waste for landfill.’
    • ‘A nearly inert material, concrete is suitable as a medium for recycling waste or industrial by-products.’
    • ‘We see everyday how people still dump their waste carelessly.’
    • ‘Again I noticed another reduction in the amount of waste in my bin.’
    • ‘We can't carry on as we are, throwing away huge quantities of recyclable waste every year.’
    • ‘If done properly, the garden waste you use now will be completely broken down into lovely rich soil at winter's end.’
    • ‘Thousands drowned in the murky brew that was soon contaminated by sewage and industrial waste.’
    • ‘The committee asks those responsible to refrain from dumping household waste in this bin.’
    • ‘The Department of Defense produces more hazardous waste per year than the five largest U.S. chemical companies combined.’
    • ‘The council has tried to address the problem of illegally dumped rubbish by organising free collections of household waste including unwanted fridges.’
    • ‘Composting turns household wastes into valuable fertilizer and soil organic matter.’
    • ‘The two warehouses will be used to store low-level radioactive waste generated by the two plants.’
    • ‘Concern arises because landfill sites are the primary means of disposing millions of tonnes of hazardous industrial waste.’
    • ‘York council chiefs announced plans to dump regular weekly rubbish collections in an attempt to recycle more garden waste.’
    rubbish, refuse, litter, debris, dross, junk, detritus, scrap
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  • 3usually wastesA large area of barren, typically uninhabited land.

    ‘the icy wastes of the Antarctic’
    • ‘Her mouth and throat were as dry as the desert wastes.’
    • ‘They are famed for their ability to operate at sea, in the jungle or in the Arctic wastes and freezing cold of Norway.’
    • ‘The images are crystal clear because it is now spring in the frozen wastes of the Martian poles.’
    • ‘He comes up with such treasures as, ‘Claustrophobia and agoraphobia in the same place - like two people in a bed,’ in reference to his failed relationship and the icy wastes around him.’
    • ‘I crave snow-topped mountains, dreary wastes, and the cruel Northern sea with its hard horizons at the edge of the world where infinite space begins.’
    • ‘European navigators and adventurers were tantalized for centuries by reports of a sea passage linking the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans in icy wastes north of Canada.’
    • ‘It might add interest to what has become a long chase across desert wastes.’
    • ‘Numerous artists are leaving the city garret behind and getting out into the great outdoors as the icy white wastes lure their imagination.’
    • ‘His hair was long, lank and bright red, and his skin as pale as the icy wastes beyond.’
    • ‘There were French partridges, a hare crossed the icy wastes leaving stretched-out tracks and we discussed the advantage of stiffer soled boots for snow and the necessity of shades.’
    • ‘What tugs at Carlyon's heartstrings is the fate of the soldiers, the boys from the outback and the small towns who dreamed of glory but found only death and disaster in the barren wastes of Gallipoli.’
    • ‘A rare silver arctic fox, a tough breed used to treading the icy wastes of Alaska and Canada, has been given a new home and a warm welcome at Selby Animal Sanctuary.’
    • ‘Outside the barren wastes of the Western Sahara, few people will be holding their breath to see what the UN security council does next week about the world's most obscure and long-running conflict.’
    • ‘That will see him traversing the Americas, covering the 25,000 kilometres from Ushuia, the world's most southern city, up to the icy wastes of Alaska.’
    • ‘There are a variety of locations in the game - from towns to jungles to snowy wastes to an aircraft carrier - and they all look absolutely authentic.’
    • ‘From the icy wastes to the arid deserts and lush forests, it has carved out habitats and multiplied.’
    • ‘I do not know what happened to him after they cast him into the southern wastes by the sea.’
    • ‘As well as mass genocide, Stalin tore thousands of families apart by exiling men to the icy wastes of Siberia.’
    • ‘Armoured warfare on the plains of west and central Europe is very different from internal security operations in an urban area or patrolling across desert wastes in the sub-Sahara.’
    • ‘Remote and romantic they might seem from afar, but the desert wastes of the Western Sahara are echoing to the sounds of preparation for war.’
    desert, wasteland, wilderness, barrenness, emptiness, vastness, wilds
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  • 4Law
    mass noun Damage to an estate caused by an act or by neglect, especially by a life tenant.

    • ‘If a mortgagee enters into possession he is liable to account for rent on the basis of wilful default; he must keep mortgage premises in repair; he is liable for waste.’

Phrases

  • go to waste

    • Be unused or expended to no purpose.

      ‘it would be a terrible shame to see those years go to waste’
      • ‘It was just a hobby, I didn't like to see anything going to waste.’
      • ‘Another reason I have started the practice at least on a small scale is that I hate to see so much potential going to waste.’
      • ‘That is why even today all the rice that is grown in Western Province goes to waste because there is no market for it.’
      • ‘Most students do not know about this book dumping, and great books are going to waste.’
      • ‘Did the parents who saw their kids at the protest have any concerns about their tuition dollars going to waste?’
      • ‘With a daily outflow of 450 million litres, that's a lot of potentially very useful water going to waste.’
      • ‘The coffee harvest has been going to waste, everyday life has been disrupted.’
      • ‘Planning your meals ahead may save you money and lots of food and drink going to waste in the bin or down the drain’
      • ‘Water is going to waste while others are without this vital commodity.’
      • ‘Often patients fail to turn up without any warning and it means their slot, which could have been taken by someone else, goes to waste.’
  • lay waste to (or lay something (to) waste)

    • Completely destroy.

      ‘a land laid waste by war’
      • ‘The destructive winds that lay waste the coast of Florida and various Caribbean islands pass through between September and November, a time when people batten down the hatches and hope for the best.’
      • ‘‘I speak for those whose land is being laid waste, whose homes are being destroyed, whose culture is being subverted,’ he said.’
      • ‘And the other thing about Hitler, of course, was his complacent conviction of the superiority of the German people - and of his right to wage unprovoked war and lay waste to other nations in their name.’
      • ‘This was then the period of the laying waste of the agricultural lands in the North.’
      • ‘Their cities would be laid waste, their lands desolate.’
      • ‘Not for Napoleon the debate over animal waste in the food chain - he was too busy laying waste large tracts of Europe.’
      • ‘Factories sprang up like fungi while the countryside was laid waste.’
      • ‘The city of Jerusalem, laid waste and destroyed by the Babylonians as an act of divine judgment, is described as having lost all its beauty.’
      • ‘The Northumbrians rebelled and in devastating reprisals their lands were laid to waste for several generations.’
      • ‘In fact, he even proposed that Athenians lay waste to their own lands to deny the Spartan army resources and the opportunity to do so itself; but he knew this was an unrealistic request of the people.’
      devastate, wipe out, destroy, demolish, annihilate, raze, ruin, leave in ruins, wreck, level, flatten, gut, consume, ravage, pillage, sack, wreak havoc on
      View synonyms
  • waste of space

    • informal A person regarded as useless or incompetent.

      ‘you're such a waste of space, Rodney’
      • ‘He's got it into his head he'll never be able to walk again, wouldn't be able to do anything and he's now a waste of space.’
      • ‘But personally, I'd rather just keep on eating these delicious cupcakes that Kit made for me, drink too much with my friends tonight, and be a waste of space at work tomorrow.’
      • ‘I suppose according to the values of our society at present that makes me lazy, a waste of space.’
      • ‘Without the shining achievements of these few, the human race would be a waste of space.’
      • ‘He is a complete waste of space and must be infuriating to play with.’
      • ‘I reckon we should start a list, outing all incompetents for the absolute waste of space they are.’
      • ‘Everyone else is either a traitor or just a waste of space.’
      • ‘It's a good idea, if you can, to defend yourself against the accusation of being a waste of space by making yourself good company.’
      • ‘Well you're obviously a complete waste of space as an office manager.’
      • ‘Wake up, you waste of space, we've got work to do!’
  • waste not, want not

    • proverb If you use a commodity or resource carefully and without extravagance you will never be in need.

      • ‘In sports, the city's credo was waste not, want not.’
      • ‘On the principle of waste not, want not, I've pasted some material below that was originally intended for New York Press.’
      • ‘I don't know how I'm going to work the Christmas theme into this shot of me as a post-autopsy coroner standing smugly over a body and holding a jar of entrails… but look, waste not, want not.’
      • ‘Whatever the God implied by evolutionary theory and the data of natural history may be like, He is not the Protestant God of waste not, want not.’
      • ‘How do you feel the statement waste not want not applies in you life?’
      • ‘It's time to kiss those landfill-clogging sandwich baggies goodbye and move into the waste not, want not 21st century.’
      • ‘Waste not, want not applies to our spending habits too.’

Origin

Middle English: from Old Northern French wast(e) (noun), waster (verb), based on Latin vastus ‘unoccupied, uncultivated’.

Pronunciation

waste

/weɪst/