Definition of vitrify in English:

vitrify

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • Convert (something) into glass or a glass-like substance, typically by exposure to heat:

    ‘the option of vitrifying nuclear waste presents problems’
    ‘glazes and paintings on pottery are vitrified by firing in the furnace’
    ‘the use of vitrified clay pipes inside buildings is prohibited’
    • ‘The vitrified specimen was thereafter transferred to the microscope.’
    • ‘He said vitrified radioactive materials would be bound up in glass or other depositories and would not be easily released.’
    • ‘Method and apparatus for eliminating volatiles or airborne entrainments when vitrifying radioactive and/or hazardous waste’
    • ‘The imperfections are then cleaned off with tools and the casting is put in the kiln at 1225 cone 6 and becomes vitrified porcelain.’
    • ‘Practically invisible or blatantly obvious, these so-called slip-ups made centuries ago survive today beneath vitrified coats of clear overglaze and provide snapshots of the innovative and ingenious decorative techniques employed.’
    • ‘To vitrify soil, normally four carbon electrode rods are inserted into the ground and a powerful electric current is turned on.’
    • ‘Its prime ingredient, silica, which is essentially glass, can withstand very high temperatures and vitrifies (melts and turns glass-like) to form a very strong and impermeable product.’
    • ‘The walkway will be paved with vitrified and cement-based tiles.’
    • ‘People have always thought of vitrified forts as Iron Age but the dates we found make this citadel far more important.’
    • ‘Another concern is the cooling rate needed to vitrify large organs.’
    • ‘However, flexible polymers and lower molecular weight components typically vitrify at much lower water contents’
    • ‘The silica and other minerals in the clay vitrify under heat and will not become soft clay again.’
    • ‘Almost all leaves were vitrified and the total number of leaves on the longest shoot was also reduced compared with the plants growing on the other three cytokinin media.’
    • ‘Blood vessels have been reversibly vitrified, and whole kidneys have been recovered and successfully transplanted after cooling to - 45°C while protected with vitrification chemicals.’
    • ‘Large areas of vitrified sand have been discovered in the Gobi desert and elsewhere, evidence of such intense heat as might not be explicable otherwise.’
    • ‘After blotting excess solution from the carbon side of the grids, they were immediately vitrified in ethane slush.’
    • ‘Using mouse oocytes, 80 percent of eggs that had been vitrified became fertilized with ICSI, with a live birth rate of about 30 percent, comparable to conventional IVF when eggs are not frozen.’
    • ‘Therefore, molecular motion must be regarded as unavoidable in vitrified biological materials.’

Origin

Late Middle English: from French vitrifier or based on Latin vitrum glass.

Pronunciation:

vitrify

/ˈvɪtrɪfʌɪ/