Which Joe gave his name to ‘sloppy joes’? We look at five interesting sandwiches and their lexical origins.
A hypothetical infectious particle postulated as the cause of scrapie, BSE, and CJD, consisting of non-coding nucleic acid in a protective coat made from host cell proteins.Compare with prion
- ‘Taxonomically this places virinos between conventional viruses and viroids (a class of plant pathogens which neither need nor code for proteins to be infectious).’
- ‘In the virino model, the host protein protects the scrapie agent nucleic acid from degradation and prevents the host raising an immune response, since the protein/nucleic acid complex is seen as ‘self’.’
- ‘A competing theory points to virinos (mini viruses), that are using particularly tough protein ‘shells’ to contain their small amount of nucleic acid.’
- ‘Some scientists claim that because there are many types of TSE agent, the virino is a more likely explanation.’
- ‘In support of the virino hypothesis is the existence of different strains of prions that cause differing patterns of disease and breed true; the existence of strains in pathogens is usually the result of changes in the nucleic acid sequence of the infectious agent.’
1970s: from virus + the diminutive suffix -ino.
We take a look at several popular, though confusing, punctuation marks.
From Afghanistan to Zimbabwe, discover surprising and intriguing language facts from around the globe.
The definitions of ‘buddy’ and ‘bro’ in the OED have recently been revised. We explore their history and increase in popularity.