Definition of viraemia in English:

viraemia

(also viremia)

noun

Medicine
  • [mass noun] The presence of viruses in the blood:

    ‘uncontrolled virus proliferation leads to chronic viraemia’
    • ‘Immunocompromised patients may have persistent viremia, larger lesions, purpura, and systemic involvement.’
    • ‘Secondary replication occurs in the liver and spleen, with secondary viremia leading to viral invasion of the dermal capillaries and epidermis.’
    • ‘Infection is often subclinical, manifested as asymptomatic viremia or shedding of virus in the respiratory tract or urine.’
    • ‘In these cases, viremia was assessed by virus culture in serum and lung tissues at necropsy.’
    • ‘By the time the rash or polyarthropathy presents in immunocompetent patients, viremia has cleared and the presence of serum antibodies confirms the diagnosis.’

Origin

1940s: from virus + -aemia.

Pronunciation:

viraemia

/vʌɪˈriːmɪə/