A form of Spanish and Portuguese song with short stanzas and a refrain, originally a folk song, later used in sacred music, and now especially as a Christmas carol.
- ‘Poets like Israel Najara composed a wealth of Hebrew hymns, some of which fit the tunes of well-known romances, villancicos, or oriental songs.’
- ‘In the same composer's villancico Levanta, Pascual, levanta, the fast tempo underscores the hasty decision of two friends to go to Granada because ‘the word is that it has fallen.’’
- ‘Later in this villancico, the tempo increases, percussion is added, and the guitar is strummed with joyful roughness - who wouldn't want to dance, hearing this?’
Spanish, diminutive of villano peasant.