Definition of vertebra in English:

vertebra

noun

  • Each of the series of small bones forming the backbone, having several projections for articulation and muscle attachment, and a hole through which the spinal cord passes.

    ‘the needle is inserted between two of the vertebrae’
    ‘she crushed a vertebra in a fall at Chepstow’
    • ‘Running through a small channel toward the rear of the vertebrae is the spinal cord.’
    • ‘The transverse process of the seventh vertebra may be bifid, and occasionally the costal process is replaced by a cervical rib.’
    • ‘The ventral keel is partially broken, but is observed to vanish near the middle of the ventral surface of the vertebra.’
    • ‘Males possess a larger spine on the first vertebra behind the pelvic girdle.’
    • ‘If the lumbar vertebra is completely anterior to the sacral base, spondylolisthesis has occurred.’
    • ‘A fracture of the transverse process of a lumbar vertebra may damage the ureter.’
    • ‘In Brachycephalus, there is a dermal bony shield that ossifies dorsal to the vertebrae.’
    • ‘The dura mater of the spinal cord is separated from the periosteum of the vertebrae by an epidural space.’
    • ‘The entire neural spine and arch of the first two vertebrae of this series are exposed.’
    • ‘The trapezius attaches to the base of the skull, midback vertebrae and collarbone.’
    • ‘The other pairs form joints with those of adjoining vertebrae and provide attachment for muscles and ligaments.’
    • ‘He fell 20 feet off a ladder breaking three vertebrae and exposing his spinal cord.’
    • ‘The neural spines in posterior dorsal vertebrae lack distinct lateral projections.’
    • ‘This is between bone and bone, as between the spinal vertebrae, or above and below a joint.’
    • ‘The somites give rise to the vertebrae, to the muscles of the trunk and limbs, and to the dermis of the skin.’
    • ‘Ribs curled free of the chest like those of a skeleton, and the vertebrae protruded in a line of jagged dorsal fins.’
    • ‘Another of the positions is keeping the back straight and erect, with the vertebrae of the spinal column in a straight line.’
    • ‘No ossification centers were evident for either the cervical or the last lumbar vertebrae.’
    • ‘The sternum may incorporate additional vertebrae and is referred to as a synsacrum.’
    • ‘The spine is made up of 24 bones called vertebrae, plus the sacrum and coccyx.’
    backbone, spinal column, vertebral column, vertebrae
    View synonyms

In the human spine (or vertebral column) there are seven cervical vertebrae (in the neck), twelve thoracic vertebrae (to which the ribs are attached), and five lumbar vertebrae (in the lower back). In addition, five fused vertebrae form the sacrum, and four the coccyx

Origin

Early 17th century: from Latin, from vertere ‘to turn’.

Pronunciation

vertebra

/ˈvəːtɪbrə/