Definition of velamen in English:


nounPlural velamina

  • An outer layer of empty cells in the aerial roots of epiphytic orchids and aroids.

    • ‘Orchid roots are covered with a special tissue called velamen occurring only in a very few non-orchid plant families.’
    • ‘The role of the velamen is to absorb moisture from the ambient atmosphere, and, may be, to protect from cold or heat.’
    • ‘Over watering turns the velamen brown and mushy and the roots lose their ability to absorb water.’
    • ‘When water is in short supply, the dry velamen restricts water loss from the roots.’
    • ‘While dry, the velamen may provide a barrier to water loss via transpiration from the wet, internal cells of the root.’


Late 19th century: from Latin, from velare ‘to cover’.