Main definitions of varna in English

: varna1Varna2

varna1

noun

  • Each of the four Hindu castes, Brahman, Kshatriya, Vaisya, and Sudra.

    • ‘Traditionally, there were four main varnas, plus one group of outsiders.’
    • ‘The varna of a person almost entirely depends on training and circumstances.’
    • ‘Hinduism recognises four varnas based on occupation (jati or jat) and ancestry.’
    • ‘Vedic civilization is based on four varnas (divisions of society), but there are people who do not fit within these four.’
    • ‘Strictly speaking, class and caste are different social institutions, though castes are often assumed to fit into the four varnas.’
    class, social class, order, social order, social division, grade, grading, group, grouping, station, stratum, echelon, rank, level, degree, set
    View synonyms

Origin

Sanskrit, literally ‘colour, class’.

Pronunciation

varna

/ˈvɑːnə/

Main definitions of varna in English

: varna1Varna2

Varna2

proper noun

  • A port and resort in eastern Bulgaria, on the western shores of the Black Sea; population 318,313 (2008).

Pronunciation

Varna

/ˈvɑːnə/