Definition of valonia in English:

valonia

noun

  • 1An evergreen oak tree native to southern Europe and western Asia.

    • ‘The ruins are now completely overgrown with shrubbery and valonia oaks.’
    • ‘Licorice, valonia oaks, and wild olive trees grow in the southwest.’
    • ‘Besides the valonia oak, the elm, willow, cypress and tamarisk shrub abound.’
    • ‘The original forest vegetation of the area consisted mainly of woodland of valonia oak.’
    • ‘We are glad of the green valonia oaks that spread their shade over us, and of the blossoming haw-thorns that scatter their flower-snow on the hill-side.’
    1. 1.1 The acorn cups of the valonia, which yield a black dye and are used in tanning.
      • ‘Gathering the yellow seeds, valonias, and gallnuts in the fall, the weaving woman's husband could fill in a good share of his year, and, if he was saving, add a pretty penny to her earnings.’
      • ‘The islands furnish valonia for tanning.’
      • ‘Other goods sent from Arcadia to Venice were meat, cheese, wool, wheat, honey, and valonia.’
      • ‘Its main exports in the nineteenth century were raisins, cotton, dried fruit, figs, madder, valonia and opium, with cereals, sponges, olive oil and tobacco also being exported.’

Origin

Early 18th century: from Italian vallonia, based on Greek balanos acorn.

Pronunciation:

valonia

/vaˈləʊnɪə/