Definition of valance in English:

valance

(British valence)

noun

  • 1A length of decorative drapery attached to the canopy or frame of a bed in order to screen the structure or the space beneath it.

    • ‘So while many people fret over every detail in the master bedroom - from the rug's knot count to the percentage of satin in the valences - they close and lock the door on beautifying the bathroom.’
    • ‘The Gripsholm bed is squarer and lower than the Knole bed (it may have been cut down), with a more conventional canopy and valances.’
    • ‘One of the rooms incorporates a four-poster with an embroidered valance, while another houses a lovely old polished roll-end bed like a sledge of dreams.’
    • ‘Included in the show are table covers, needlework patterns, needle worked fire screens, valances for mantels and beds, needlework upholstery, and sewing tools.’
    • ‘It was more-or-less the same as when I was a child only she had taken down the horrific black valance from her bed and had replaced them with soft white cotton ones that had intricate roses woven into them.’
    1. 1.1 A sheet with a deep pleated or gathered border that is designed to hang down over the mattress and sides of a bed.
      • ‘I watched as Brian lifted up the valance that hung down over the side of the bed, to reveal a snoozing father, empty beer can in hand - and for some reason missing his shoes.’
      • ‘Specialising in soft furnishing, the Milano design team has come up with coordinated sets for the bedroom, including duvet covers, embellished bed linen, pillowcases, sheets, throws, quilts and bed valances.’
      • ‘And both rooms were finished with new roman shades and linen valances.’
      • ‘Top the shade with your favorite valance if desired.’
      • ‘The room was so delicate and pretty, especially with the rosebud printed valances.’
      • ‘We make our own sofas, mattresses, windows, treatments, curtains, bedspreads, and valances.’
      edge, edging, border, trim, trimming
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2North American A length of decorative drapery hung above a window to screen the curtain fittings.
      • ‘Use a valance to soften a horizontal or vertical blind.’
      • ‘Draperies combined with window shades, valances and ornamentation such as trims can produce an exceptionally well-dressed window.’
      • ‘The view from the dining room windows is accentuated by the valance over the window, and the mirrored wall contributes to the formality as well.’
      • ‘The padded valances and floor-length curtains concealed the architectural beauty of the windows.’
      • ‘Curtains or valances, appliance covers, and table runners all can be easily stitched at home.’
    3. 1.3 A protective panel screening the wheels of a vehicle.
      • ‘From September onwards, BMW's 3 - Series gets a new kidney grille, new headlights, new lower front and rear valances, two new engines and a range of chassis and specification enhancements.’
      • ‘Track position is magnified at this place because we've got the valances on the ground, we've got the spoilers way up in the air.’
      • ‘A roll bar has replaced the rear seats, the body is adorned with one of their body kits including valences, spoilers and mesh grilles as appropriate.’
      • ‘As part of your Dodge body kit ensemble, the rear valance is an add-on piece that fully covers your existing bumper.’
      • ‘The lower part of the rear body has been subtly widened to disguise the track increase and four low restriction exhaust outlets are visible below the rear valence.’

Origin

Late Middle English: perhaps Anglo-Norman French, from a shortened form of Old French avaler ‘descend’ (see vail).

Pronunciation

valance

/ˈval(ə)ns/