Definition of vacate in English:


Pronunciation /vəˈkeɪt//veɪˈkeɪt/


[with object]
  • 1Leave (a place that one previously occupied)

    ‘rooms must be vacated by noon on the last day of your holiday’
    • ‘I am staying in a flat recently vacated by students and when I arrived it was full of cleaners as the letting agents had just discovered what a mess they'd left it in.’
    • ‘The out-patient department is moving into a bigger area, using a former ward recently vacated by another team.’
    • ‘I hobble theatrically over to the waiting area, where a women immediately vacates her seat for me.’
    • ‘I'd like to press on right now, as we have to vacate the room at noon tomorrow.’
    • ‘He said many buildings in Dublin due to be vacated will still be occupied by staff who do not want to move.’
    • ‘As it was quiz night, we decided to vacate our table and eat in the dining room, which like the bar is stuffed with interesting objects and bric-a-brac - all of which is for sale.’
    • ‘We were also asked to vacate our table as soon as we had paid the bill.’
    • ‘Most of the U.S. manufacturer's 270-strong workforce have vacated the site, which has now been ‘completely gutted’.’
    • ‘They were required to vacate their offices and return all university property in their possession.’
    • ‘When the tenants vacated it, there was no interest from prospective tenants.’
    • ‘The churches recently vacated the land to make way for the proposed developments.’
    • ‘Work will commence as soon as arrangements can be made to vacate the premises.’
    • ‘As tables were vacated they were quickly cleared.’
    • ‘In August, all 18 tenants were given 60 days notice to vacate the building.’
    • ‘Whenever a tenant vacates a flat, the rent is increased for the next tenant.’
    • ‘Hawkers must be given 48-hours notice to vacate their site before any action is taken against them.’
    • ‘Josie and Peter have only just vacated the room and Josie still had a key.’
    • ‘Some villages appeared to have been recently vacated, their neatly tended walled compounds of round mud huts and peaked thatched roofs empty of people and animals.’
    • ‘He should vacate the room not later than 12 o'clock noon.’
    • ‘In previous years they'd vacated the area by the middle of July.’
    leave, get out of, move out of, evacuate, quit, go away from, depart from, exit from, withdraw from, pull out of
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    1. 1.1 Give up (a position or employment)
      ‘he vacated his office as Director’
      • ‘For only the sixth time in the past century, a two-term president will vacate the position.’
      • ‘They had a mutual understanding that Jackson would have a minimal role in the campaign and would vacate this position shortly after the election.’
      • ‘Today, the president announced his choice to fill another Cabinet post recently vacated.’
      • ‘Formerly an administrator for the Mid-Atlantic region, McCabe replaces Peter Robinson, who vacated the position in August.’
      • ‘Within this context, it is difficult to summon up sympathy for any of the men who have been asked to vacate their positions.’
      • ‘All these things force her to vacate her position until she has been vindicated.’
      • ‘That figure does not include the cost of filling positions that have been vacated by members of the National Guard.’
      • ‘On Tuesday, he became the sixth head coach to vacate his post.’
      • ‘She replaces Suzanne Weedman, who vacated the position in September 2002.’
      • ‘The move followed several months of rumours and speculations on who was going to fill the position vacated by the former executive director.’
      • ‘She will vacate the position in May.’
      • ‘As talented executives and managers graduate to larger leadership roles, they vacate positions that need to be filled by equally gifted people.’
      • ‘She has vacated her office as head of the Presidential Management Staff.’
      • ‘Thirty-two of the posts had been vacated by retirements, promotions and departures, and only eight were new.’
      • ‘He replaces Dr. Milton Friend, who vacated the position in January 2002.’
      • ‘The 47-year-old vacated the same position at Aberdeen last weekend after almost three years in the job.’
      • ‘Women who had stayed at home took jobs vacated by men serving in the armed forces.’
      • ‘The Scottish Arts Council has asked the Executive for permission to increase the salary for its recently vacated top post.’
      • ‘She quits her job and vacates her apartment.’
      • ‘The Community Beat Officer post recently vacated will also be filled shortly.’
      resign from, leave, stand down from, give up, bow out of, relinquish, depart from, walk out on, retire from, abdicate
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  • 2Law
    Cancel or annul (a judgement, contract, or charge)

    ‘the Justices vacated a ruling by the federal appeals court’
    • ‘I confirm that upon payment of the required amount the Board will vacate its charge.’
    • ‘In view of the errors in law so found, the appeal will be allowed and the conviction and sentence will be vacated.’
    • ‘If this is acceptable, we will of course vacate the hearing on 5th July.’
    • ‘A motion is now pending to vacate the certificate of pending litigation.’
    • ‘On 4th March 1998 the trial date was vacated at the defence's request.’
    annul, invalidate, nullify, declare null and void, render null and void, void
    View synonyms


Mid 17th century (as a legal term, also in the sense ‘make ineffective’): from Latin vacat- ‘left empty’, from the verb vacare.