Main definitions of yard in English

: yard1yard2

yard1

noun

  • 1A unit of linear measure equal to 3 feet (0.9144 meter).

    • ‘I still talk about acres, yards, feet and inches; not forgetting gallons and pints and also hundredweights pounds and ounces.’
    • ‘An anti-metric activist yesterday appeared in court charged with stealing road signs which gave distances in metres rather than yards.’
    • ‘In the imperial system, 36 inches are 1 yard and 1760 yards are 1 mile.’
    • ‘His second, nine minutes later, was a rasping left foot drive from twenty five yards which hit the stanchion as the Castleton keeper stood mesmerised.’
    • ‘How many inches equal a yard is not something subject to daily fluctuations on the free or any other market.’
    • ‘One meter is equivalent to 1.09 yards and one inch is equivalent to 2.54 centimeters.’
    • ‘He could tell us the speed of the train and how many miles / yards / feet we had until the next state line or anywhere else.’
    • ‘Vivian Foley crossed to Ger Foley and his twenty yards shot hit the crossbar but fell to the feet of Gary Doyle who scored the opening goal.’
    • ‘I headed the ball back inside and eventually the ball ended up at my feet 20 yards from goal and I just hit it.’
    • ‘It has a 7,653 yard range and its warhead consists of a tandem-shaped charge to penetrate reactive armour.’
    • ‘Thirteen under par may have paled in comparison with the exploits of Tiger Woods and a number of others but it is still a decent score on a golf course measuring 7,246 yards.’
    • ‘I read with interest recently about plans to develop a golf course in Wales that will eventually measure over 8000 yards.’
    • ‘Many are anthropomorphic - the foot, the yard, the cubit, the span - and arise from the dimensions of parts of the human body.’
    • ‘The course measures 5,293 yards and was designed by Eddie Hackett.’
    • ‘The next three runnings were over one mile six furlongs and 12 yards.’
    • ‘On the half hour mark Brian Pendergast let fly with a right foot shot from twenty yards.’
    • ‘With fox hunting you have hoards of people following across country on foot, one way or another, for yards or miles.’
    • ‘Start thinking in pounds, quarts, gallons, inches, yards and miles.’
    • ‘Weeks of learning 12 inches to one foot, three feet to a yard, 22 yards to a chain and however many chains to a mile - with rods, poles and perches somewhere in between.’
    • ‘He set world records for the 800 metres and 880 yards in the same race at Christchurch and the mile at Cooks Garden, Wanganui.’
    1. 1.1yards ofinformal A great length of something.
      ‘yards and yards of fine lace’
      • ‘At night, take a torch and you can get within yards of marsupials, including the faintly horrid Tasmanian devil.’
      • ‘An architect undertaking the construction of a temple or palace began with stacks of bricks, yards of timber, and legions of slaves.’
      • ‘There are dozens of scene switches, a multitude of props, yards of costume changes.’
      • ‘Outside, it is protected from the English winter weather by yards of bubble wrap and a child's umbrella.’
      • ‘Fisher insists, though, that his star performer brings more than just yards of hard-won advances down field.’
    2. 1.2 A square or cubic yard, especially of sand or other building materials.
      • ‘Consider a facility executive purchasing 10,000 square yards of flooring who has narrowed the selection to two choices.’
      • ‘The project required roughly 80,000 cubic yards of concrete and grout using 12 different mix designs.’
      • ‘It took 8,100 tons of steel, 44,100 cubic yards of concrete, and over 160 miles of cable.’
      • ‘However, the capacity of today's trucks varies a great deal, and few of them can actually carry nine cubic yards of cement.’
      • ‘We can become so wrapped up in cubic yards of capacity and horsepower that we ignore those components of scrapers and graders.’
      • ‘On top of the trash, millions of cubic yards of fine white sand were pumped as a slurry from Rockaway Inlet.’
      • ‘The rate of sludge generation in septic tanks is around 0.05 cubic yards every year for an individual.’
      • ‘Sexton said 12,000 to 14,000 cubic yards of material would be placed on the track during the project.’
      • ‘It was constructed by the state in the 1930s and through the 1950s and '60s, hundreds of thousands of cubic yards of sand were deposited there.’
      • ‘The commercial paving contractor, however, is likely to charge by the square yard, based on a certain thickness of each material.’
      • ‘Barton Malow also placed 1700 cubic yards of SCC to cast a mat-slab for the building.’
      • ‘First, Coleman enriched the existing soil with 6 cubic yards of planting mix.’
      • ‘More than two dozen electric and steam locomotives along with hundreds of dump cars were required to remove about 37 million cubic yards of material.’
      • ‘GMA produces more than 1 million square yards of camouflage-patterned materials each year.’
      • ‘The last of the material, about 100,000 cubic yards, will be delivered from the Big Dig by Dec.31.’
      • ‘Last summer, success built on success: 4,000 residents cleared out 11,000 cubic yards.’
      • ‘Many loose materials are sold by the cubic yard, including cement, dirt, sand, rock, landscaping bark, gravel and cinders.’
      • ‘I paid for 25 cubic yards of concrete and a day's labor for eight concrete finishers, and we had a slab.’
      • ‘The combined weight of both backing and coating, measured in ounces per square yard of wallcovering.’
      • ‘A dam of its size would require pouring 4.4 million cubic yards of concrete: more wet cement than ever created before.’
    3. 1.3 A cloth measure, of three feet in length and varying widths.
      • ‘I have a several yard length of linen, and one of ramie, that are ivory/beige right now.’
  • 2A cylindrical spar, tapering to each end, slung across a ship's mast for a sail to hang from.

    • ‘The argument is that a three-masted ship had three yards on each mast for the square sails, making nine in all.’
    • ‘The Captain motioned with his eyes and his head to the main mast top yard.’
    • ‘Masts and yards continued to be installed for decades, becoming increasingly vestigial, but the die was cast.’
    • ‘To have the ship's company clearly visible on deck, or in the days of sail, aloft on the yards, meant that the guns were not manned.’
    • ‘Her captain was at the top yard of the main mast, glass to eye.’
    • ‘The ship also carried standing skysail pales and yards, a half poop, and had as her figurehead a toothy dragon's head.’
    • ‘They could see Bowles and they waited, bracing themselves against the yard should the two ships collide.’
    • ‘They stood in the foot ropes of the main mast topsail yard.’
    • ‘About 170 lines control the sails and yards, so every member of the crew must be familiar with these operations and functions.’
    • ‘He moves one of the sails so that the yard catches Will and swings him out over the sea. Now, as long as you're just hanging there, pay attention.’
  • 3US informal 100 dollars; a 100 dollar bill.

Phrases

  • by the yard

    • In large numbers or quantities.

      ‘golf continues to inspire books by the yard’
      • ‘These are the people who buy their art by the yard, and tend to like good old landscapes, boats and sporting subjects.’
      • ‘And political rope has been played out by the yard in the Irish peace process that was meant to bolster trust and truth but which displayed instead the most convenient arrangement of alternatives.’
      • ‘Parthus has got techno-babble buzzwords by the yard.’
      • ‘Those who do not read, or worse yet that tribe of heretics who purchase books by the yard as decorating tools, don't understand that one does not always go to a library to read or to conduct research.’
      • ‘(The hackademic machine is now happily turning out Deleuze wallpaper by the yard of course).’
      • ‘When I asked about the flag material, I was told that shops were selling it by the yard after 9 / 11.’
      • ‘The entertainment mode is drunken, end-of-university-term party, hard flesh ripples by the yard and it's high-fives and carb-balanced designer water.’
      • ‘The Russell family have evidently spent a couple of dozen generations rapaciously buying pictures by the yard.’
      • ‘Despite the disdain for tartan shown by the SNP, Scots are buying kilts by - well, by the yard.’
      • ‘Like many people my age I've got lots of CDs, and I've still got vinyl by the yard.’
      • ‘Since he was so incredibly prolific, cranking out the copy by the yard, he could hardly help committing the odd slip-up here and there.’
      • ‘Shakespeare has left us a satiric portrait of the poet who writes verses by the yard to please a patron in Timon of Athens.’
      • ‘You can buy aquamarine images by the yard in quayside galleries in St Ives, Penzance, Mevagissey or Falmouth.’

Origin

Old English gerd (in yard (sense 2)), of West Germanic origin; related to Dutch gard ‘twig, rod’ and German Gerte.

Pronunciation

yard

/yärd//jɑrd/

Main definitions of yard in English

: yard1yard2

yard2

noun

North American
  • 1A piece of ground adjoining a building or house.

    • ‘The house is surrounded by a wrought iron railing to the front and the rear yard extends 3.25 metres.’
    • ‘Deer are often seen in the yards of homes near Fish Creek and Nose Hill parks, and there are an estimated 300 deer living on the campus of the University of Calgary.’
    • ‘Most people in New Zealand live in single houses with large yards and flower or vegetable gardens.’
    • ‘Tall, tapering lightposts bathe the yard in pale light.’
    • ‘Now, the wooden sheds he saw in the yards behind the buildings have given way to rows of steel carapaces, like small freight containers, under which Muscovites lock their cars.’
    • ‘She suggests that they bend protocol and walk the men back to their unit through a side yard that has been landscaped by inmates.’
    backyard, garden
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 An area of ground surrounded by walls or buildings.
      • ‘It took about a whole two acres, and it stood behind the courtyard right in between the buildings that surrounded the yard.’
      • ‘To the rear of the school there is a large yard surrounded by an imposing tall stone wall.’
      • ‘Outside, the mud hut was surrounded by a yard littered with rubbish, plastic bags, empty bottles, square containers of rotten fruit and a broken chair.’
      • ‘There were tall walls surrounding a yard, closing it off from the rest of the property.’
      • ‘The sides were covered almost completely by green ivy vines and the yard surrounding the building was overgrown with cypress trees.’
      • ‘They unlocked it, but before they got in, all of them took a second to look out at the yard surrounding the church.’
      • ‘I squared my shoulders, opened the gate of the small white picket fence surrounding a neatly kept yard, and headed towards the white door.’
      • ‘Last summer, a section of the wall that runs behind houses on Bow Ridge Link shifted and caused damage to a number of yards in the area, both above and below the wall.’
    2. 1.2 An area of land used for a particular purpose or business.
      ‘a storage yard’
      • ‘It's a suburb choked with car yards and petrol stations, but everything was either closed or cap-less.’
      • ‘The area which used to be the service yard for Tesco would be transformed into a riverside arena, resembling an amphitheatre.’
      • ‘Sixty new buildings and skyscrapers costing over $700 million shot up on former rail yards and warehouse areas.’
      • ‘You'd ride over a rise and into a storage yard full of pipe and conduit.’
      • ‘Their recreation area is a yard, measuring 45 feet by 20, with a steel mesh covering on top.’
      • ‘There have been six major fires at fridge storage yards in the region - the latest in October at the yard in Stock Lane, Chadderton.’
      • ‘Five or six trips to the dump yard on the far lands and I stopped for something to eat.’
      • ‘Sister ship HMS Enterprise is currently undergoing construction at the same yard, and is due to enter service next year.’
      • ‘Prosecuting counsel Amy Nicholson told the court that on January 23 the police searched the yard of a business run by Murphy and Sanderson.’
      • ‘These traders require access to their stores and yards to run their businesses.’
      • ‘As well, Greenpeace and the ITF are jointly campaigning against the pollution and exploitation at the world's ship wrecking yards.’
      • ‘He had previously used the yard for the purposes of an ambulance business which had ceased to trade in about 1995.’
      • ‘I went by a yacht yard beside the highway every day and one day stopped in and began admiring a Compac yacht.’
      • ‘Twenty interns in six unions worked on campaigns including in call centres, furniture factories, transport yards, hospitals and hotels.’
      • ‘Montague says they are doing everything they can do to control the beetles, and that includes implementing preventative measures at the mill yard.’
      • ‘Provision of adequate storage yards at metro stations.’
      • ‘You can substitute materials lying around your yard.’
      • ‘Young arsonists were today blamed for a blaze which ripped through a caravan, nearly destroying a storage yard.’
      • ‘It is understood that a considerable amount of waste material lies under the yard at the site, pictured above.’
      • ‘The gang loaded the bikes which all had keys in the ignition on to a trailer belonging to garage owner Rhett Fisher, who leases part of his yard to the business.’
      • ‘That option is likely to suit businesses such as Benchmark which require large storage yards.’
      • ‘My father has a little family business, a scrap-metal business with a yard and lorry.’
      • ‘Just north of the Metrorail transfer station we passed Amtrak's yards and Miami area station on the left.’
      • ‘But, unknown to her owner, for the past three weeks Tiny has been wandering into the yard at Clacton police station looking for food and attention.’
      workshop, works, factory, garage, plant, foundry, mill, industrial unit, business unit
      View synonyms
    3. 1.3 An area where deer or moose gather as a herd for the winter.

verb

North American
  • 1with object Store or transport (timber) in or to a log yard.

    • ‘Such overhead logging methods were paired with cable yarding systems that dragged the logs to their loading sites.’
    • ‘On this site, they tackle the block in smaller segments completing some falling and then yarding that wood before moving on.’
    • ‘The paper company initially attempted to introduce a capital-intensive cable yarding logging system near Atepec in 1958, but the community opposed this system, which relied upon outside labor to manage the machinery.’
  • 2no object (of deer or moose) gather as a herd for the winter.

    • ‘When snow is deep and moose ''yard'' together, they are more accessible in greater numbers to wolves.’
    • ‘Although they yard together in spring, during most of the year, moose are solitary secretive animals and very wary of mankind.’

Origin

Old English geard ‘building, home, region’, from a Germanic base related to Russian gorod ‘town’. Compare with garden and orchard.

Pronunciation

yard

/yärd//jɑrd/