A region of the brain concerned with the comprehension of language, located in the cortex of the dominant temporal lobe. Damage in this area causes Wernicke's aphasia, characterized by superficially fluent, grammatical speech but an inability to use or understand more than the most basic nouns and verbs.
- ‘In contrast, Wernicke's aphasia is characterized by fluent articulation coupled with severely impaired comprehension.’
- ‘The study involved twins in Finland and focused on gray matter in the frontal lobes and Wernicke's area.’
- ‘The autistic group showed more activity in Wernicke's area, and less activity in Broca's area.’
- ‘They found that a portion of Wernicke's area, which is believed to control language comprehension and auditory processing, was significantly enlarged in stutterers.’
Late 19th century: named after Karl Wernicke (1848–1905), German neuropsychiatrist.