Main definitions of wake in English

: wake1wake2

wake1

verb

  • 1Emerge or cause to emerge from a state of sleep; stop sleeping.

    [no object] ‘she woke up feeling better’
    waken
    [with object] ‘I wake him gently’
    • ‘Debbie was still asleep so I decided to try and go back to sleep until she woke up.’
    • ‘Neighbours woken by her screams tried to save the girls, but were driven back by the intense heat.’
    • ‘Jenny was afraid that Adam's raised voice would wake the children.’
    • ‘By Wednesday morning most of the region woke up to Christmas card scenes with several inches of snow.’
    • ‘One of the most famous ghost sightings was by a six-year-old girl woken by scratching noises.’
    • ‘I got woken at 5am by the window rattling.’
    • ‘It's one of the two puzzling questions that I woke up to this morning.’
    • ‘It is one night of tenderness with his dream girl Goldie that largely fuels the story, especially when he wakes the following morning to find her dead.’
    • ‘He wakes his comrade, who stirs and stolidly puts on his boots, army shirt, cap, gun.’
    • ‘When I woke up an hour later the rain had stopped, it was a glorious sunny day and mist was rising off the lake.’
    • ‘The single mum-of-three never knows if she will wake up to yet more damage and destruction on her doorstep.’
    • ‘I wake up at 5am and lie there, pretending I am going to go back to sleep.’
    • ‘She wakes from a coma a few days later to learn the awful truth.’
    • ‘I woke up my two children who were sleeping at the time and went outside.’
    • ‘I woke up on Tuesday morning after a few hours fitful sleep and went back to the hospital.’
    • ‘Georgia rolled over, waking slowly from a nice dream.’
    • ‘I woke at dawn to the sun winking through the window of my room.’
    • ‘Many students attend classes in split shifts, which forces them to wake at dawn.’
    • ‘Wednesday morning, I woke up at 4am with a knot in my stomach.’
    • ‘A little voice in her head woke her up this is not how you're going to start the New Year is it?’
    awake, awaken, rouse, stir, come to, come around
    waken, rouse, arouse, bring to, bring around
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1[no object]Become alert to or aware of.
      ‘he needs to wake up to reality’
      • ‘I also hope now more than I ever did during my life that people wake up to what a barbaric punishment this is.’
      • ‘It is time for British politics - the labour movement above all - to wake up to what is being done in our name.’
      • ‘And the thing is, just occasionally, you wake up to how bizarre your own life is.’
      • ‘Dare we keep our fingers crossed that people are waking up to what a hollow man he is?’
      • ‘People are waking up finally to the reality that the game has changed.’
      • ‘He said that by the time people woke up to what was being planned the time for consultation had passed.’
      • ‘South Africans are waking up to the reality of child rape and sexual abuse.’
      • ‘The Celtic Tiger boom has levelled off and we have to wake up to that reality, he added.’
      • ‘So, instead of going around with our eyes shut hoping the problem will go away why don't we all wake up to what's going on around us.’
      • ‘The dirty deal was done before anyone at the Hungarian FA woke up to what was going on.’
    2. 1.2[with object]Cause (something) to stir or come to life.
      ‘it wakes desire in others’
      • ‘My snores were, by all accounts, loud enough to wake the dead.’
      • ‘Honestly, these things are probably loud enough to wake the dead.’
      • ‘One by one as we scurried them towards the tow-line and began to lever them into harness, they raised their muzzles and let out a yowl to wake the dead.’
      • ‘These things woke memories of my past experiences.’
  • 2North American Irish dialect [with object] Hold a vigil beside (someone who has died)

    ‘we waked Jim last night’

noun

  • 1A watch or vigil held beside the body of someone who has died, sometimes accompanied by ritual observances including eating and drinking.

    • ‘A death in the Creole community is observed with an evening wake in the family's home.’
    • ‘I have to go to a wake tonight and a funeral tomorrow.’
    • ‘Still, one could say that all wakes are formulaic, rituals being a most popular and apparently effective means to deal with death.’
    • ‘Any breach of the rule was to result in a withdrawal by the clergy of their services at the wake and funeral.’
    • ‘The most important Catholic rituals are baptism and the wake, followed by a funeral mass.’
    • ‘Funerals and all-night wakes, called ‘sit-ups,’ are important social occasions.’
    • ‘First, a wake was held at a funeral home in Sherman Oaks, with his body on display in an open casket.’
    • ‘A testament to the high respect in which he was held was seen in the large attendance at his wake, removal and burial.’
    • ‘Bodies in the United States are usually kept in the funeral homes till the wake is done.’
    • ‘Indeed, even the pitch invasion at the final whistle seemed more like a wake than a party and soon evaporated into memory.’
    • ‘This we use in times of sadness and happiness, for wakes and weddings.’
    • ‘Anger mounted throughout the next day, as residents, family friends and young people placed wreaths and cards on the tree and conducted a midday wake and vigil at the site.’
    • ‘For instance, Catholics hold funeral wakes on the first and eighth nights after a person's death.’
    • ‘These require the isolation of the corpse, prohibit the holding of wakes over the body, and permit doctors to prevent the removal of a body from hospital.’
    • ‘After the wake, a morning funeral was held, complete with a mass in church, and then the body was taken to the cemetery for burial.’
    • ‘You play cards or mahjong and drink beer at funeral wakes.’
    • ‘After announcement of a death, a wake is held for friends and family.’
    • ‘But the undertaker, by some misunderstanding, took the man's remains to the house of the woman's friends, where a wake was held.’
    • ‘He could cry at Christenings, weddings, Bar Mitzvahs, wakes.’
    • ‘When my mother died, the young pastor at St. Paul's wouldn't lead a rosary at the wake.’
  • 2historical [treated as singular] (in some parts of the UK) a festival and holiday held annually in a rural parish, originally on the feast day of the patron saint of the church.

    • ‘The Glamorgan gentry patronized the boisterous village wakes, and even established new ones in communities which lacked them.’
    • ‘Statutory Bank Holidays belong to the same tradition as the old northern wakes weeks.’
    • ‘For that to work in Lancashire, all schools would need to take the same holidays - meaning an end to the wakes weeks holidays in Burnley and Pendle.’
    • ‘Many parents said they would still have to take their children on holiday in wakes weeks.’

Phrases

  • wake up and smell the coffee

    • informal [usually in imperative]Become aware of the realities of a situation, however unpleasant.

      • ‘Some people may say 140 cases is 140 too many… well wake up and smell the coffee buddy boy… we do live in a real world after all!’
      • ‘I tell these young motorcyclists that if they don't think what they're doing is inherently dangerous then they need to wake up and smell the coffee.’
      • ‘And if you think that's just because we all wanted to see a display of scintillating football from the England XI, wake up and smell the coffee.’
      • ‘When are the Republicans going to wake up and smell the coffee?’
      • ‘Please wake up and smell the coffee where technical education is concerned before it's too late.’
      • ‘With the latest outbreak of gun-related violence in Washington, maybe the mass of U.S. citizens will finally wake up and smell the coffee.’
      • ‘The Brazilian superstar has found playing time hard to come by at the San Siro, but perhaps his latest stunt will get coach Carlo Ancelotti to wake up and smell the coffee.’
      • ‘If your idea of accountancy is grey-suited men hunched over page of numbers, you'd better wake up and smell the coffee.’
      • ‘At some point our Asian creditors will wake up and smell the coffee.’
      • ‘Many analysts believe investors are beginning to wake up and smell the coffee - revenues, cash flow and earnings count for something.’

Origin

Old English (recorded only in the past tense wōc), also partly from the weak verb wacian remain awake, hold a vigil of Germanic origin; related to Dutch waken and German wachen; compare with watch.

Pronunciation:

wake

/wāk/

Main definitions of wake in English

: wake1wake2

wake2

noun

  • 1A trail of disturbed water or air left by the passage of a ship or aircraft.

    • ‘When we motor into the channel, however, I can't help noticing that the mooring buoy is trailing a foaming wake as the outgoing tide thunders past the boat.’
    • ‘Pilots can avoid wake turbulence by allowing greater distance behind the heavy aircraft and their own, or by delaying takeoff for a few minutes.’
    • ‘Franklin had noticed that the wake of one ship he saw was particularly smooth, and was told that the cooks had probably just discharged greasy water through the scuppers.’
    • ‘As we passed overhead, the glare of the moonlight on the water receded, and with our goggles, we could see a wake behind the ship.’
    • ‘Such shockwaves are a bit like the wake of a ship travelling across the ocean.’
    • ‘Wake turbulence happens when we pass through the wake of another aircraft, similar to when a boat passes through the wake of another vessel.’
    • ‘We picked up the first Mk-25 at a quarter-mile and then got a visual on the ship's wake.’
    • ‘Whether it's cruising through a wake or throwing an anchor, according to him I do it all wrong.’
    • ‘Next morning the sea is oily smooth, broken only by the wake of passing ships.’
    • ‘Torpedoes powered by compressed air left a telltale wake in the water and gave a warning to a target.’
    • ‘Black water was seen in the ship's wake after the bombs exploded, proof the submarine was doomed.’
    • ‘The pilot gets into a small bit of leftover wake turbulence, the rental aircraft wobbles just before touchdown and a wingtip catches the runway.’
    • ‘The reason given for this crash was that the aircraft flew into the wake of another aircraft, and the pilot lost control of it.’
    • ‘Even the ground over which a tank has driven shows where the track pressure has warmed it, like the wake of a ship.’
    • ‘If you begin to see mud or floating grass blades in your wake, slow down and find deeper water.’
    • ‘The speedboat kicked up a huge wave of water in its wake.’
    • ‘All aircraft produce wake turbulence - spirals of air that trail from the wingtips that can be a particular hazard when smaller aircraft follow a larger plane.’
    • ‘It notes that every aircraft generates a wake while in flight.’
    • ‘She watches her father's departure by ship from a rowboat that is nearly swamped in the ship's wake.’
    • ‘What effect does this asymmetrical function of the dorsal and ventral tail lobes have on patterns of water flow in the wake?’
    backwash, wash, slipstream, turbulence
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1Used to refer to the aftermath or consequences of something.
      ‘the committee was set up in the wake of the inquiry’
      • ‘Conditions on the moors are being monitored throughout the area in the wake of a number of moorland blazes.’
      • ‘The reshuffle of top management came in the wake of its merger and as the group posted a solid set of first half results.’
      • ‘The idea was born from the damage done to the local tourist industry in the wake of the foot and mouth disease outbreak.’
      • ‘Goodwin's stand-down came in the wake of an even more ferocious academic scandal.’
      • ‘After the pension scheme was revalued in the wake of the dotcom bubble, that surplus turned to a deficit.’
      • ‘Scottish education always trailed in the wake of conservative Westminster measures.’
      • ‘The film could also lift a tourist industry struggling in the wake of recent international events.’
      • ‘The series comes in the wake of Stephen Poliakoff's drama Friends And Crocodiles.’
      • ‘Within a couple of hours, however, they had changed their tune in the wake of negative feedback.’
      • ‘She gave up acting for a year at the very point when she was on the brink of bigger things, in the wake of Almost Famous.’
      • ‘Listening to these three albums in the wake of Smith's suicide casts a certain pall on their contents.’
      • ‘Higher interest rates may be on the horizon, but are not expected to arrive speedily in the wake of the Budget.’
      • ‘The review comes in the wake of two profit warnings from the group so far this year.’
      • ‘The news comes in the wake of two fatal road accidents in the Swindon area.’
      • ‘They are obviously capitalising on the generosity of the public in the wake of the tsunami disaster.’
      • ‘Media hysteria has followed in the wake of all new developments in youth culture.’
      • ‘The news comes in the wake of the club announcing its first new signing, goalkeeper Craig Dootson.’
      • ‘But now the idea is being taken seriously in the wake of yet more deaths on our rail network.’
      • ‘The incident comes in the wake of widespread calls to restrict the sale of fireworks to members of the public.’
      • ‘It suffered huge losses in the wake of September 11 and its shares have nosedived.’

Origin

Late 15th century (denoting a track made by a person or thing): probably via Middle Low German from Old Norse vǫk, vaka hole or opening in ice.

Pronunciation:

wake

/wāk/