One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
Convert (something) into glass or a glasslike substance, typically by exposure to heat.
- ‘Practically invisible or blatantly obvious, these so-called slip-ups made centuries ago survive today beneath vitrified coats of clear overglaze and provide snapshots of the innovative and ingenious decorative techniques employed.’
- ‘Blood vessels have been reversibly vitrified, and whole kidneys have been recovered and successfully transplanted after cooling to - 45°C while protected with vitrification chemicals.’
- ‘People have always thought of vitrified forts as Iron Age but the dates we found make this citadel far more important.’
- ‘However, flexible polymers and lower molecular weight components typically vitrify at much lower water contents’
- ‘To vitrify soil, normally four carbon electrode rods are inserted into the ground and a powerful electric current is turned on.’
- ‘Its prime ingredient, silica, which is essentially glass, can withstand very high temperatures and vitrifies (melts and turns glass-like) to form a very strong and impermeable product.’
- ‘After blotting excess solution from the carbon side of the grids, they were immediately vitrified in ethane slush.’
- ‘The vitrified specimen was thereafter transferred to the microscope.’
- ‘Another concern is the cooling rate needed to vitrify large organs.’
- ‘Therefore, molecular motion must be regarded as unavoidable in vitrified biological materials.’
- ‘The walkway will be paved with vitrified and cement-based tiles.’
- ‘Using mouse oocytes, 80 percent of eggs that had been vitrified became fertilized with ICSI, with a live birth rate of about 30 percent, comparable to conventional IVF when eggs are not frozen.’
- ‘Method and apparatus for eliminating volatiles or airborne entrainments when vitrifying radioactive and/or hazardous waste’
- ‘Large areas of vitrified sand have been discovered in the Gobi desert and elsewhere, evidence of such intense heat as might not be explicable otherwise.’
- ‘The imperfections are then cleaned off with tools and the casting is put in the kiln at 1225 cone 6 and becomes vitrified porcelain.’
- ‘Almost all leaves were vitrified and the total number of leaves on the longest shoot was also reduced compared with the plants growing on the other three cytokinin media.’
- ‘The silica and other minerals in the clay vitrify under heat and will not become soft clay again.’
- ‘He said vitrified radioactive materials would be bound up in glass or other depositories and would not be easily released.’
Late Middle English: from French vitrifier or based on Latin vitrum ‘glass’.
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