Which Joe gave his name to ‘sloppy joes’? We look at five interesting sandwiches and their lexical origins.
1An infective agent that typically consists of a nucleic acid molecule in a protein coat, is too small to be seen by light microscopy, and is able to multiply only within the living cells of a host.[as modifier] ‘a virus infection’
- ‘Leucodepletion also reduces transmission rates of other cell associated viruses such as cytomegalovirus.’
- ‘A large number of viruses emerge from the host cell before it dies.’
- ‘White blood cells chase bacteria and viruses, preventing us from getting sick.’
- ‘Bacteriophages are viruses that infect bacteria.’
- ‘The evolution of a virus within a host has been shown to be strongly influenced by its environment.’
- ‘Virtually all pathogenic bacteria, viruses and fungi are anaerobic and will be killed by hydrogen peroxide.’
- ‘Such viruses enter the host cell and then rapidly multiply inside the cell before killing it.’
- ‘When found outside of host cells, viruses exist as a protein coat or capsid, sometimes enclosed within a membrane.’
- ‘Among other things, biological agents include bacteria, viruses, fungi, pollen, dust mites and moulds.’
- ‘The World Health Organization has said that following natural disasters, bacteria and viruses from corpses die within 24 hours.’
- ‘Bacteria and some viruses multiply and mutate rapidly, and can evolve much more quickly than we can develop new drugs to fight them.’
- ‘Herpes and other viruses come with protein tool kits of their own.’
- ‘Bacteriophages fit the definition of parasite to a T. In many cases new viruses multiply inside a host until the bacterium simply rips apart.’
- ‘A trend that is evident in the table is that viruses that infect bacteria are more tightly packed than the viruses that infect eukaryotic cells.’
- ‘It may be difficult to recognize the virus within the cells due to the presence of similar sized ribosomes.’
- ‘Importers want their products cleared quickly but fungi and other plant pathogens like bacteria and viruses don't always like to reveal themselves.’
- ‘The idea is to insert therapeutic genes directly into a patient's cells, using viruses or other agents as delivery vehicles.’
- ‘Unfortunately this means that a whole host of bacteria, viruses and prions are just waiting to be levelled at any of us at any time.’
- ‘All microbes, be it viruses, bacteria, mycoplasma, fungi or parasites interfere in research.’
- ‘Numerous virulence genes in pathogenic bacteria and viruses have been shown to be under positive selection.’
- 1.1An infection or disease caused by a virus.
- ‘Been off sick with a virus for like AGES!!!’
- ‘After some months when it became clear that my malady wasn't disappearing like a good virus, this burden fell on my husband.’
- ‘The most recent problem has been a virus and she comes into the tournament short on match play.’
- 1.2A harmful or corrupting influence.‘the virus of cruelty that is latent in all human beings’
2A piece of code that is capable of copying itself and typically has a detrimental effect, such as corrupting the system or destroying data.
- ‘Specifically, it aims to help businesses understand and protect against the most common IT-related risks, such as viruses.’
- ‘Opening a file could expose your system to a computer virus or a program that could hijack your modem.’
- ‘Hewlett-Packard has distributed printer drivers corrupted by a computer virus.’
- ‘Almost one in every three Internet users in the United States has been hit by either a computer virus or a hacker in the past two years.’
- ‘A computer virus which affected the operation of Google yesterday is spreading like wildfire.’
- ‘But on the same day of that announcement, the mighty Google was also the victim of a computer virus that killed the search for most users for hours.’
- ‘A computer virus or spyware application is sending us automated requests, and it appears that your computer or network has been infected.’
- ‘The Justice Department has blamed a computer virus for the delay.’
- ‘So Thomas decided to exact revenge by surreptitiously placing a vicious computer virus on Scott's machine which destroyed his hard drive.’
- ‘Anyone who has been hit by a computer virus will be doubly wary of unexpected emails in the future that may contain viruses.’
- ‘Because this malware can be transferred from machine to machine on a removable disk, and requires user interaction to spread, it is, quite simply, a computer virus.’
- ‘Pennsylvania makes it crime to spread a computer virus.’
- ‘My car caught a computer virus from my mobile phone.’
- ‘After his two best friends are shown the door, he hatches a plot with them to steal money from the firm by planting a money-siphoning computer virus within its system’
- ‘They were unprepared for operations being interrupted by a system crash or the arrival of a computer virus through email.’
- ‘How do you stop a computer virus from spreading and infecting other computers?’
- ‘With every announcement of a big computer virus, the number of ‘experts’ double.’
- ‘Japanese newspaper Daily Yomiuri reports that police suspect that a computer virus might have sucked up this sensitive data and spread it over the Net.’
- ‘Combine viruses with the scourge of spam and you have two heavy anchors dragging down Irish productivity.’
- ‘According to media reports, the 2003 Pan American Games have been disrupted by a computer virus.’
Late Middle English (denoting the venom of a snake): from Latin, literally slimy liquid, poison The earlier medical sense, superseded by the current use as a result of improved scientific understanding, was a substance produced in the body as the result of disease, especially one that is capable of infecting others with the same disease.
Are you looking for a word for a foolish person? We explore twelve interesting words to describe the dunderheads in your life.
Before you run for the hills, let’s run through a list of ‘run’ expressions that are running through our minds.
The definitions of ‘buddy’ and ‘bro’ in the OED have recently been revised. We explore their history and increase in popularity.