Definition of viola da gamba in US English:

viola da gamba

(also viol da gamba)

noun

  • A viol, specifically a bass viol (corresponding to the modern cello).

    • ‘The viola da gamba which features in four paintings seems likely to be the same instrument throughout, and in any case the dimensions of different instruments do not vary greatly.’
    • ‘The marvelous playing of the viola da gamba instrumentalist was particularly distinguished.’
    • ‘This CD contains music that spotlights either two violas da gamba together, or viola da gamba with recorder.’
    • ‘The instrumental accompaniment is improvisatory, earthy and ingenious: lute, theorbo, guitar and harp continuo, plus up to a trio of violins, viola da gamba, a cornet and a gentle sprinkling of percussion.’
    • ‘The young prince was ten years his junior, but enjoyed playing the harpsichord and viola da gamba when politics allowed.’

Origin

Italian, literally ‘viol for the leg’.

Pronunciation

viola da gamba

/vēˌōlə də ˈɡämbə//viˌoʊlə də ˈɡɑmbə/