Definition of viceroy in English:

viceroy

noun

  • 1A ruler exercising authority in a colony on behalf of a sovereign.

    • ‘The British named most of them after British kings and queens and viceroys.’
    • ‘Having installed various Indian statesmen, religious figures and public benefactors in place of sundry British sovereigns, viceroys and generals, we have cheerfully proceeded to forget them.’
    • ‘These viceroys have in fact twice in the last century exercised their vice-regal powers to dismiss elected governments!’
    • ‘The overriding authority, the viceroy, whatever you wish to call him, actually has a considerable control and power, but they must be clear and honest with the local population.’
    • ‘Bosnia Herzegovina, for example, while it has a seat at the United Nations, is also administered by an international viceroy, Lord Paddy Ashdown.’
    • ‘Like the proconsuls of ancient Rome, the viceroy governed, administered, judged, superintended the royal treasury, was commander in chief of the army, and the vice patron of the church.’
    • ‘The U.N.-paid and U.N.-sanctioned rulers of both Kosovo and Bosnia-Herzegovina exercise powers akin to erstwhile British viceroys.’
    • ‘The collapse of the Ottoman Empire following World War I and the dissolution of the British Raj three decades later replaced sultans with presidents and viceroys with prime ministers.’
    • ‘Of course, that's not the same as invading a country, but you get the idea: a viceroy / administrator tries to handle a fiercely resentful community.’
    • ‘Central government remained under the control of the viceroy's Executive Council, but in the provinces a measure of self-government was conceded through the system known as dyarchy.’
    administrator, ruler, chief, leader, principal, head
    View synonyms
  • 2A migratory orange and black butterfly that closely resembles the monarch but is typically somewhat smaller. The caterpillar feeds on willow leaves, and the adult mimics the unpalatable monarch.

    • ‘Take the oft-cited classic case of Batesian mimicry involving the dead-ringer resemblance between monarch and viceroy butterflies.’
    • ‘We mimic them as aptly as a viceroy butterfly mimics the colouration of a monarch.’
    • ‘I could tell a monarch butterfly from a viceroy, without eating it.’

Origin

Early 16th century: from archaic French, from vice- in place of + roi king.

Pronunciation:

viceroy

/ˈvīsˌroi/