Definition of vibrio in English:



  • A waterborne bacterium of a group that includes some pathogenic kinds that cause cholera, gastroenteritis, and septicemia.

    • ‘The main causes are pathogenic bacteria, such as enterotoxin e. coli, campylobacter jejuni, shigella, salmonella and vibrio, that enter the body from contaminated food and drinking water.’
    • ‘It normally lives in warm seawater and is part of a group of vibrios that are called ‘halophilic’ because they require salt.’
    • ‘In a recent incident, a particularly virulent South American strain of the bacteria vibrio parahaemoliticus, a relative of cholera, was tied to more than 400 cases of serious human illness across 13 states.’
    • ‘Current research in molecular biology is aimed at finding out why cholera vibrios are such potent pathogens.’
    • ‘Cholera vibrios release a poison that damages the lining of the intestine so that it leaks fluids and salts, and as a result, the patient is intensely dehydrated.’


Modern Latin, from Latin vibrare vibrate.