Definition of vexillum in US English:



  • 1A Roman military standard or banner, especially one of a maniple.

    • ‘In 1855 (during the reign of King Rama IV; Mongkut) the white chakra was dropped and thus the vexillum was a red field with a white elephant in the centre.’
    • ‘Many examples of the vexillum are represented in illuminated manuscripts.’
    • ‘In Roman artwork, any vexillum which isn't just blank (due to loss of painted detail) has only lettering on it.’
    • ‘Only one example of vexilla has ever been found - the 3rd century example from Egypt.’
    banner, standard, ensign, pennant, pennon, banderole, streamer, jack
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 A body of troops serving under one standard.
  • 2Botany
    The standard of a papilionaceous flower.

    • ‘During anthesis, the standard petal (vexillum) curves backward after the expansion of the wing petals.’
  • 3Ornithology
    The vane of a feather.


Latin, from vehere ‘carry’.