Definition of ventral in English:

ventral

adjective

Botany Zoology Anatomy
  • Of, on, or relating to the underside of an animal or plant; abdominal.

    ‘a ventral nerve cord’
    Compare with dorsal
    ‘the ventral part of the head’
    • ‘Just outside each vertebra, the dorsal and ventral roots unite to form a spinal nerve on each side.’
    • ‘If either of these proteins is absent, then the motor axons select dorsal and ventral pathways randomly.’
    • ‘The nervous system consists of a lobed dorsal brain and ventral nerve cord with fused paired ganglia.’
    • ‘The waves continue coupled to a series of dorsal and ventral flexions of the whole body.’
    • ‘The dorsal and ventral edges of the centra are more nearly equal in width in the larger specimens.’
    enteric, gastroenteric, duodenal, coeliac, gastric, stomach, abdominal, visceral
    View synonyms

Origin

Late Middle English: from Latin venter, ventr- ‘belly’ + -al.

Pronunciation

ventral

/ˈvɛntrəl//ˈventrəl/