Definition of vanity in English:



  • 1Excessive pride in or admiration of one's own appearance or achievements.

    ‘it flattered his vanity to think I was in love with him’
    ‘the personal vanities and ambitions of politicians’
    • ‘This is not, however, a simple tale of vanity or excessive consumption.’
    • ‘He had no concern for his appearance; no personal vanity.’
    • ‘Greed, envy, hatred, selfishness, vanity, and arrogance are all negative traits which must be totally eliminated.’
    • ‘So many members thanked and praised me, and it satisfied my vanity.’
    • ‘"Nowadays men are also indulging their vanity.’
    • ‘He only ever sat for the occasional portrait and despised the excesses and vanities of his day.’
    • ‘One simply did not undertake surgical procedures for vanity's sake, he was told upon his dismissal.’
    • ‘I'm glad now that I had a strict Jesuit education and upbringing, including all the nagging neuroses about self-control and vanity.’
    • ‘But human vanity being what it is, such logic seldom prevails.’
    • ‘But his vanity, pettiness and egocentrism exasperated even his closest friends.’
    • ‘Beware of arrogance and vanity when you bask in your glory.’
    • ‘He was equally candid about dabbling in hard drugs, but said that his vanity and ambition prevented him from developing a full-blown heroin addiction.’
    • ‘How can we get free of the petty tyrannies of our own female vanity?’
    • ‘Once their pride and vanity has been wounded it takes a long time to recover.’
    • ‘My vanity and pride was slightly bruised, though, and that serves me right.’
    • ‘A heart full of false pride, vanity and arrogance has no room for wisdom, so it will remain lost in the darkness.’
    • ‘His greatest weakness may well be his seemingly fathomless personal vanity.’
    • ‘While the Italians are perfectly comfortable with male vanity, the British are not.’
    • ‘Nobody survives lying to me and betraying me just for a good headline and to feed her own vanity!’
    • ‘Talking to him will only flatter his vanity.’
    conceit, conceitedness, self-conceit, narcissism, self-love, self-admiration, self-regard, self-absorption, self-obsession, self-centredness, egotism, egoism, egocentrism, egomania
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    1. 1.1[as modifier] Denoting a person or company that publishes works at the author's expense.
      ‘a vanity press’
      • ‘Even vanity publishing smacks of a certain - albeit desperate - nobility of soul.’
      • ‘A vanity press is probably the only place to go if you want to write about your 28 uneventful years as a municipal clerk in Ohio.’
      • ‘He lands a job editing manuscripts at a vanity publisher.’
      • ‘Every now and then, a vanity press mogul makes a go of his venture.’
      • ‘It's critical, in-depth and insightful, rather than just vanity publishing.’
      • ‘Backroom describes itself as essentially a vanity press, only capable of publishing work with the benefit of private backing.’
      • ‘The real books were worth buying and reading, the self-published were from vanity presses.’
      • ‘So pity the poor book reviewer, her desk piled high with vanity press or self-published dross.’
      • ‘Then there is the usual plethora of niche presses, ranging from outright vanity endeavours to highly respectable small publishers.’
      • ‘Personally I can't get very excited about this controversy over whether PublishAmerica is a mainstream or vanity firm or something in between.’
      • ‘Research on the company's website revealed this firm to be a self-publishing, or vanity press.’
      • ‘Indeed, critical readers might suspect that the vanity press outlet was the only way these articles could get into print.’
      • ‘I've just come across a vanity publishing firm called Blogbinders, which turns blog content into bound volumes.’
  • 2The quality of being worthless or futile.

    ‘the vanity of human wishes’
    • ‘It is when the pilgrim throws away the rose-colored glasses of illusion and sees the vanity of all worldly preoccupation that he breaks free of their bondage.’
    • ‘They might consider the bounty of the earth, in one mood, or the vanity of human wishes and desires in another.’
    • ‘He was reflecting, perhaps, on the vanity of human passions.’
    • ‘The eroded head of a figure on a tombstone suggests the vanity of attempts to stem the ravages of time.’
    • ‘He composed another poem on the vanity of worldliness.’
    futility, uselessness, pointlessness, worthlessness, purposelessness, idleness, fruitlessness, profitlessness
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  • 3North American A dressing table.

    • ‘My bedroom has my bed and my vanity and my bathroom connected to it.’
    • ‘The larger room also has a desk which could double as a vanity unit.’
    • ‘As Delia admires herself in her vanity table mirror, Cary decides to make a quiet escape.’
    • ‘Between the two beds was a creamy beige couch, and across from that, a wash basin, vanity, and wardrobe.’
    • ‘Looking from her view on the bed across the way was a pretty oak vanity with a good size mirror.’
    • ‘There was a small vanity with a stool in front of it with an assortment of perfumes and make up covering the top.’
    • ‘Instead of paint, try a colored stain to revive wood cabinets or a vanity.’
    • ‘There was a dresser, a small television, and a vanity.’
    • ‘The room was like some sort of ritzy hotel, complete with a dresser, a vanity, and a four-poster bed.’
    • ‘Paige held up her hands defensively and walked over to Lee's vanity table.’
    • ‘She rose from her stool at her vanity and hugged Michelle.’
    • ‘She pictured it the way she remembered it: light purple walls with a dark purple carpet, white wicker furniture and a small vanity in the corner.’
    • ‘Upon examining the rest of the drawers, she realized it was more of a vanity than a desk.’
    • ‘Small and rectangular, the chamber housed a mahogany bed, chest of drawers, washbasin and vanity.’
    • ‘Her oak vanity had several different types of make-up and hair supplies resting on it.’
    • ‘A carved vanity, made of some kind of almost white wood, was in a corner, and a large wardrobe of the same wood and design stood against another wall.’
    • ‘A bar stool is used as a chair for the high vanity.’
    1. 3.1US A bathroom unit consisting of a washbasin typically set into a counter with a cabinet beneath.
      • ‘The bathroom vanity should always be the first piece of bathroom furniture purchased.’
      • ‘One area features a cherry vanity with ample drawers and a ceramic sink, while the other incorporates a pedestal sink flanked by cabinets.’
      • ‘In the early days of locker room design, owners perceived an economy to clustering all the plumbing, meaning that showers, vanities and toilets were all in one part of the locker room.’
      • ‘Bathroom vanities are often the centerpiece of a bathroom remodeling or decorating project.’
      • ‘It arrived nearly complete, down to the lightweight composite concrete countertops, slate tile backsplash, birch veneer built-in cabinetry, bathroom vanities, bamboo floor, and paint.’
      • ‘A maintenance worker was coming to fix the vanity in her bathroom and she wanted to be there when he or she arrived.’
      • ‘The main-floor master retreat includes a walk-in closet and a spacious bathroom with a spa tub, separate shower, and side-by-side vanities designed to look like custom furniture.’
      • ‘Radiant-heated flagstones were laid adjacent to the bath, and there's walnut flooring in front of the vanities.’
      • ‘Plenty of storage is provided beneath the vanity, and small niches for bath essentials are built into the shower wall to eliminate the need for caddies.’
      • ‘The master suite is a world unto itself with his-and-her closets, twin vanities, two-person steam shower with multiple jets, and a deep soaking tub.’
      • ‘Along one wall to the left of the tub, his-and-her vanities and two built-in storage towers fronted with glass doors add to the feeling of understated luxury.’
      • ‘There's lovely soap on the bathroom vanity so lather up and then come see me for a snack.’
      • ‘Instead of double vanities and a separate shower, the sink is one long trough and the shower is exposed.’
      • ‘The designers check measurements for tubs, vanities, and built-in cabinets, including kitchen and closets.’
      • ‘Leaving the toilet in place, the couple introduced an oversized marble shower, a built-in tub, and separate vanities and closets.’
      • ‘This worked so well that I added a pair of similar racks inside the doors of my bathroom vanity.’
      • ‘When they got to the bathroom, he set her down on the stool by the vanity.’
      • ‘Installing a new bathroom vanity is an easy way to spruce up the look of a bathroom and provide improved storage space.’
      • ‘Now this old-style board is used to add texture to a new knee wall that provides privacy without restricting light between the vanity and toilet.’
      • ‘Open up the bathroom vanity or kitchen cabinet, and shine your light on the back wall.’


Middle English: from Old French vanite, from Latin vanitas, from vanus empty (see vain).