Definition of vanadium in English:

vanadium

noun

  • The chemical element of atomic number 23, a hard gray metal of the transition series, used to make alloy steels.

    • ‘Among the most important minerals for supplementation are chromium, magnesium, and vanadium.’
    • ‘Could you add carbon to titanium or vanadium to make them even harder and stronger?’
    • ‘When waste oils are burned in incinerators, toxic metals such as nickel, vanadium and cadmium get ensnared in the particles given off into the atmosphere.’
    • ‘Nitrogen additions to high-strength steels containing vanadium have become commercially important because the additions enhance precipitation hardening.’
    • ‘For high strength grades, aluminum, vanadium, or columbium may be used for grain refinement.’

Origin

Mid 19th century: modern Latin, from Old Norse Vanadis (a name of the Scandinavian goddess Freyja).

Pronunciation:

vanadium

/vəˈnādēəm/