Definition of Valerian in English:

Valerian

proper noun

  • (died 260), Roman emperor 253–260; Latin name Publius Licinius Valerianius. He renewed the persecution of the Christians that was initiated by Decius.

Pronunciation:

Valerian

/vəˈlirēən/

Definition of valerian in English:

valerian

noun

  • 1A plant that typically bears clusters of small pink or white flowers. Native to Eurasia, several species have been introduced to North America.

    • ‘Down by the pool, sown among the large white rocks that were dug out of the hillside to accommodate it, are white valerians, more grasses, lavenders and sages.’
    • ‘Plant red valerian and centranthus, with their domes of nectar-rich flowers against walls or in cracks and crevices.’
    • ‘The herbs chamomile, valerian, yarrow, nettle, comfrey and dandelion can help make a success of your compost heap.’
    • ‘A huge number of red and white valerian seedlings have germinated and are waiting to be thinned out, which is a bit of a chore but worth it for their frothy pink and white flowers.’
    • ‘Unless it's the drug-like catnips and valerians, most cats ignore growing things.’
    1. 1.1 A drug obtained from the root of common valerian, used as a sedative and antispasmodic.
      • ‘Take 75 mg of kava-kava or 150 to 300 mg of valerian, both in capsule form.’
      • ‘Only one independent group has tested valerian.’
      • ‘In animal and clinical studies, valerian has proven to act as a mild sedative and tranquilizer, thereby aiding sleep, even among chronic pain sufferers.’
      • ‘Unlike synthetic sedatives, valerian is not considered addictive.’
      • ‘An alternative remedy for insomnia is valerian, a herbal medicine that has some reported positive effects but has not been exhaustively clinically investigated.’

Origin

Late Middle English: from Old French valeriane, from medieval Latin valeriana (herba), apparently the feminine of Valerianus of Valerius (a personal name).

Pronunciation:

valerian

/vəˈlirēən/