Definition of unity in US English:

unity

noun

  • 1The state of being united or joined as a whole.

    ‘European unity’
    ‘their leaders called for unity between opposing factions’
    • ‘Instead of a coherent whole expressing an organic unity through every aspect of its being, the engineers hand us a bag of separate traits.’
    • ‘Most European leaders realize that a policy of opposing the United States makes European unity impossible.’
    • ‘We were told that it was to maintain stability, unity and peace.’
    • ‘Through them, they endeavor to attain harmonious unity with God, their fellow humans, and nature.’
    • ‘In 1973 a plan for unity entitled Towards a United Church was produced.’
    • ‘But more significant, he adds, is that the royal family is being required to cement the political and symbolic unity of a United Kingdom when that unity is under unprecedented strain.’
    • ‘The referendum at the end of an interim period of unspecified duration would be held in the context of territorial unity.’
    • ‘The new political context imposed institutional unity.’
    • ‘Can the European Union retain a unity of purpose as it expands to 25 members?’
    • ‘All three voices joined together in sudden unity.’
    • ‘The political testament, which we set out below, reflects the firm desire of the majority of the peoples of this country for a form of government which will ensure freedom, equality and unity of the new nation.’
    • ‘Germany's economic unity was to be preserved, though this was undermined by the decision that each power could take reparations from its own occupied territories.’
    • ‘Today, though, the economic unity of the extended family has broken down.’
    • ‘It is the greatest threat to communal harmony, democracy, secularism, peace, progress, unity and integrity of our motherland.’
    • ‘If you challenge their conception of society and politics, then they say you are a threat to national unity or to peace and order and stability.’
    • ‘Such regimes put up a veneer of stability, unity and consensus, just as democracies project a misleading veneer of weakness.’
    • ‘It is highly unlikely that they would allow any internal or external factor to trifle with their unity or a united platform to promote and preserve their interests.’
    • ‘We are busy in forging unity so that a united platform is formed to launch a joint fight for the goal.’
    • ‘The unity of the United States was effected under the Presidency of Abraham Lincoln, who introduced the transcontinental railway system.’
    • ‘Siva's followers who are parents preserve family unity and teach responsibility by not granting youth financial independence.’
    union, unification, integration, amalgamation
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    1. 1.1 The state of forming a complete and pleasing whole, especially in an artistic context.
      ‘the repeated phrase gives the piece unity and cohesion’
      • ‘As suggested above by Carr, however, there is not a clear, unambiguous macrostructure for the book; and this makes for a complex unity.’
      • ‘I nearly fell back as it all suddenly came together for me, the pins and pieces of a great puzzle falling into harmonious unity.’
      • ‘The key to recreating artistic unity is evidence.’
      • ‘With a poetic twist on artistic unity, this film evokes the thought that we are subject to a very similar imprisonment, even in the comfort of our own culture.’
      • ‘The similarity between these tables and the ones made for the Gallery in Kensington in 1727 endows the whole group with a stylistic unity.’
      • ‘This notion of a complex unity of the book leads us to a second thesis.’
      • ‘He provides a degree of unity to the piece, by virtue of his repeated appearances.’
      • ‘Notwithstanding this jarring absence of any thematic unity, each piece itself is worth a read.’
      • ‘In profile they display a unity of composition and graceful silhouettes that exceeds any preceding examples.’
      • ‘There Schlegel turned his attention not just to the production of harmonious unity in individual works of art but also to their reception by the spectator.’
      • ‘His work is well-known in Germany, and has gained popularity around the world for its unity and purity.’
      • ‘Her voice modulation is of the highest caliber, very melodious, full of harmonious unity and solid stamina.’
      • ‘There are movies to see for their artistic unity, visual brilliance, or dramatic power.’
      • ‘It would have also given more unity to the entire piece - made them all part of one bigger story.’
      • ‘With the Kennedy Center, I have the luxury of time - time to spend with the dancers, time to make ballets into some kind of artistic, humane unity.’
      harmony, accord, concord, concurrence, cooperation, collaboration, agreement, unanimity, consensus, assent, concert, togetherness, solidarity, like-mindedness, peace, synthesis
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    2. 1.2 A thing forming a complex whole.
      ‘they speak of the three parts as a unity’
      • ‘It follows that a continuum is neither a unity nor an aggregation of unities.’
      • ‘Yet we don't count up two diamonds from the deuce and two from the trey, but treat each card as a complete unity.’
      • ‘So does the Bible teach that the human person is a psychosomatic unity which perishes completely with death?’
      • ‘We know a number of things successively when taken one at a time, which we know all at once if we know them in a unity: thus we can know the parts in the whole, or see different things in a mirror.’
      • ‘Naturalism could, however, conflict with the demands of the setting, as in the stained glass at Fairford church, where the stone mullions cut across compositions designed as a unity.’
      oneness, singleness, wholeness, entity, integrity, undividedness, cohesion, coherence, congruity, congruence, uniformity, homogeneity, identity, sameness
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  • 2Mathematics
    The number one.

    • ‘Cotes discovered an important theorem on the nth roots of unity, anticipated the method of least squares and discovered a method of integrating rational fractions with binomial denominators.’
    • ‘All these proofs use complex numbers and roots of unity, as does the author's.’
    • ‘Selecting different values of the base value a, there turns out to be only one value of a such that the gradient of the graph is unity at x = 0.’
    • ‘In fact, he even may have gained speed on rivals, thanks to specific properties of the two cube roots of unity that are complex numbers.’
    • ‘These papers pose the problem: If the common area of the vertex triangles is unity, is the area of the pentagon determined?’
  • 3In Aristotle's Poetics, each of the three dramatic principles requiring limitation of the supposed time of a drama to that occupied in acting it or to a single day (unity of time), use of one scene throughout (unity of place), and concentration on the development of a single plot (unity of action).

    • ‘Sophocles' play was for Aristotle an exemplary tragedy, both formally, in terms of unity of action, and in its tragic story.’
    • ‘It's a unique and remarkably good way to finesse suspense - because of the show's strict adherence to the unity of time, it forecasts in which episode you can expect events to happen.’
    • ‘For instance, Aristotle states that in a great tragedy, there should be unity of time, place, and action.’
    • ‘The plot, observing the classical unity of time by taking place in a 24-hour period, is the barest of sketches, a pretext for the feelings of sadness, world-weariness, and desperate hope.’
    • ‘Nevertheless, the plays are far removed from the classical pattern: they rarely present a unity of action, time and place.’

Origin

Middle English: from Old French unite, from Latin unitas, from unus ‘one’.

Pronunciation

unity

/ˈjunədi//ˈyo͞onədē/