Definition of umber in English:

umber

noun

  • 1A natural pigment resembling but darker than ocher, normally dark yellowish-brown in color (raw umber) or dark brown when roasted (burnt umber)

    • ‘Dark brown umber on bright yellow is featured in one Ziss painting, and purple-inflected blue set against pale green in another.’
    • ‘Supergene, manganiferous clay umbers are intimately associated with both the iron and barite deposits.’
    • ‘I recall seeing bundles of this bleached umber root in the markets of Kathmandu, and have watched villagers harvest it in the high pastures of Dolpo in western Nepal.’
    • ‘As will be seen from the chemical analysis of raw umber, it contains quite a high percentage of manganese dioxide.’
    • ‘When Claude Monet wanted a brown, he typically mixed it from primary colors rather than using traditional earth pigments such as sienna and umber.’
    • ‘The name of the small river that runs down the combe, the Umber, is a clue to the fact that the mineral pigment, umber, also used to be dug and processed in the village.’
    • ‘For the nine paintings in this exhibition, Howell mixed titanium white, ivory black and raw umber - the raw umber prevents bluing - in carefully calculated ratios to achieve what he calls ‘a movement of gray toward light and dark.’’
    • ‘Beneath them, swimming between steel ribs which are now covered in sponges, you will usually see a shoal of black umbers.’
    • ‘After laying down discrete patches of dark umber in grid formations, Briggs dragged an unloaded brush through the pigment, leaving behind episodic squiggles that vaguely resemble Chinese characters.’
    • ‘In such works as Maternity (c. 1892; New York, MoMa), painted in a narrow range of umbers, he cultivated a technique in which form was dissolved in a mysterious and misty haze.’
    • ‘What this means is that when this umber is combined with any good, saturated colour, that other colour will lose most of it's gray properties.’
    • ‘I don't use Raw Umber nearly enough.’
    • ‘Raw Umber came to prominence as an Italian pigment and it is named by the Italian word for shadow or darkness.’
    • ‘Natural ochres, siennas, and umbers are found in a range of colours from red, orange, yellow, and brown to virtually black.’
    • ‘With horizontal swaths of greens and umber on their lower portions and lightening shades of blue at the top, the paintings suggest landscapes.’
    hazel, chocolate-coloured, coffee-coloured, cocoa-coloured, nut-brown
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    1. 1.1The color of umber.
      • ‘The air is heavy with the scent of dates and rain, and the umber of the dunes is brilliant against the grim sky.’
      • ‘There was an umber and ozone odor, like lightning striking the loam of a farmer's field.’
      • ‘This generally quiet area features sun-drenched murals in gold, umber, and burnt red.’
      • ‘Areas can also be kept just the reddish brown of the sanguine, umber or black, depending on the artist's wishes.’
      • ‘However, there is an understain of reddish umber that leaks around the forms and masses.’
      • ‘Luke let out a breath of relief when Katie was placed in his group, along with a quiet girl with solemn, dark eyes and curly umber hair.’
      • ‘What was before her was a dying sunset; all of crimson red and burnt umbers.’
      • ‘Characteristically he painted in thick impasto, mainly with a palette knife and generally in subdued ochre and umber tones.’
      • ‘‘When I paint a realistic Los Angeles sky, Sanchez says during my visit prior to the event, ‘I use earth colors - usually raw umber and raw sienna.’’
      • ‘It may be added that the dorsal spine shows brightly in the water, forming a conspicuous anterior rime to the dorsal fin, whose remaining margin, in reality of a dark umber, now appears jet-black.’
      • ‘Its outer edges are layered, almost smooth, with mixed colors ranging from saddlebag tan to dark umber.’
      • ‘His hair was an umber mass of spikes, and his eyes were like two chips of obsidian, giving him a somewhat sinister look.’
      • ‘In a tobacco tin after capture, the umber yellow mature newts lost their leopard spots, lay grounded as numb as scrolls of candied grapefruit peel.’
      • ‘Cassie can't help turning a deep shade of umber.’
      • ‘I saw Lady Harcourt turn a rather unattractive shade of umber… she was THAT angry.’
      • ‘My hair was a deep umber, slicked back in a way that almost resembled ruffled bird feathers, and my face was angular and clean shaven, in stark contrast to the round, softened faces of the three in the diner.’
      • ‘Across the island, the lush green taro is replaced by the copper and umber striations of Waimea Canyon, the Grand Canyon of the Pacific, whose colors grow red in the late afternoon light.’
      • ‘The form of the majestic eagle grew dim, flickering blurrily, until superimposed upon it appeared the image of a noble, high-browed elf with hair of dark umber.’
      • ‘The paintings seem at first to be sombre in tone, coloured mostly by umbers and sepia-like hues.’
      • ‘Methodical studies in a sketchbook show the results of stumbling various colors over a dark red composed of cadmium red and umber.’
      • ‘He also extended his gamut of colours to include umbers and siennas; transparent oxides as well.’
      • ‘The face is that of a lady with rich umber hair like smooth piano wire.’
      • ‘Delicately cut, layered slate walls, umbers and the sepia tint curved metal bar place you firmly somewhere in Eastern Europe.’
      • ‘Next season, Madam Oloviah, says it's all about the peaches and burnt umbers.’
  • 2A brownish-gray moth with coloring that resembles tree bark.

    • ‘The larva of the mottled umber moth is a reddish brown caterpillar that eats the leaves of oak trees and shrubs.’
    • ‘At least two other moths, the mottled umber moth (Erannis. defoliaria), and the March moth (Alsophila aescularia) have wingless females.’
    • ‘A mottled umber moth found its way onto a Glasgow window.’
    greyish-brown, brownish, dun-coloured, mud-coloured, mouse-coloured, mousy, muddy, khaki, umber
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Origin

Mid 16th century: from French (terre d')ombre or Italian (terra di) ombra, literally (earth of) shadow from Latin umbra shadow or Umbra (feminine) Umbrian.

Pronunciation:

umber

/ˈəmbər/