Definition of ultraviolet in English:

ultraviolet

adjective

Physics
  • 1(of electromagnetic radiation) having a wavelength shorter than that of the violet end of the visible spectrum but longer than that of X-rays.

    • ‘Sand on beaches, concrete pavements and snow also reflect up to 40% of the harmful ultraviolet rays.’
    • ‘The ultraviolet reflectance of web decorations may play an important role in sensory exploitation.’
    • ‘The bulbs are covered with a plastic screen that helps block out potentially harmful ultraviolet rays that can cause cataracts and skin problems.’
    • ‘Finally, the Ultraviolet Imaging Spectrograph, or UVIS, studies wavelengths shorter than humans can see, out to the far ultraviolet.’
    • ‘But what is so special about water that makes its absorptions extend all the way from the far infrared to the near ultraviolet?’
    • ‘They may also be protective in skin conditions attributed to excessive ultraviolet light exposure.’
    • ‘Disinfecting by ozonization or ultraviolet light methods are replacing chlorine in some water treatment plants, but are not yet readily available for home use.’
    • ‘However, color display as well as camouflage is likely to involve visual signals, ambient light, and/or photoreceptors notably active in the near ultraviolet to which humans are not sensitive.’
    • ‘Diode lasers are now available in discrete colors from the infrared to blue and into the near ultraviolet.’
    • ‘Damage to the eyes can be prevented by wearing sunglasses with 100-percent ultraviolet blocking.’
    • ‘Excessive ultraviolet ray exposure can cause premature aging of the skin, cataracts, skin cancers and immune system suppression.’
    • ‘Depletion of the Earth's ozone layer is considered responsible for an increase in the solar ultraviolet irradiance reaching the surface.’
    • ‘Binders must have specific properties such as good adhesion, abrasion resistance, the ability to cure at room temperature, water resistance and ultraviolet light resistance.’
    • ‘The liquid materials are photosensitive polymers that solidify when exposed to either laser or ultraviolet light.’
    • ‘It is true that ultraviolet light causes mutations in all living organisms.’
    • ‘The ultraviolet flash from the supernova explosion, which we first saw 18 years ago, ionized the ring and causes it to glow.’
    • ‘Optional Low-E glass coatings help reduce heat and ultraviolet rays that can fade carpet, walls and furniture.’
    • ‘Most medical lasers emit light which are either ultraviolet, infrared or in the visible spectrum of light.’
    • ‘A hat could tell you how much ultraviolet light you're being exposed to.’
    • ‘The reason we need sunglasses in the first place is to protect our eyes from the sun's harmful ultraviolet rays.’
    • ‘The functional significance of vertebrate ultraviolet vision has been the focus of an increasing number of research studies over the last decade.’
    • ‘Investigators assume that ultraviolet light is the most important factor for the initiation of malignant melanoma.’
    • ‘Energy reaches earth from the sun in rays of invisible ultraviolet light.’
    • ‘This is an ‘enhanced true color’ view spanning ultraviolet to infrared wavelengths.’
    • ‘Each cluster size emits at a different wavelength, producing ultraviolet, blue, green, red and infrared fluorescence, with the smaller structures being more efficient emitters.’
    1. 1.1(of equipment or techniques) using or concerned with this radiation.
      ‘an ultraviolet telescope’
      • ‘After that, it flows through a high intensity ultraviolet light unit, which kills any remaining organisms.’
      • ‘With final ultraviolet light treatment, the effluent has been treated for everything but viruses.’
      • ‘The flower on the right was photographed in normal light, the one on the left in ultraviolet (he goes into the technique in some detail).’
      • ‘The PCR products were analyzed by electrophoresis on agarose gels containing ethidium bromide and were photographed under ultraviolet transillumination.’
      • ‘Taylor advised students ‘to help the police and yourself and keep all laptops and computers out of sight, and have valuables marked with ultraviolet pens to help us trace stolen property.’’
      • ‘In addition to its suite of cameras, Skylab was stocked with tons of scientific equipment, including coronagraphs, spectrometers, and ultraviolet and X-ray telescopes.’
      • ‘The ultraviolet photo shows the true extent of damage to her skin.’
      • ‘The 59-year-old women were both photographed with special ultraviolet cameras that captured every sun-induced blemish on their faces and another camera that recorded wrinkles.’
      • ‘Last summer Japanese inventors unveiled a tiny ultraviolet light sensor for cell phone users concerned about sunburn.’
      • ‘The ultraviolet beam of an argon laser operating at 364 and 351 nm is used to photolyze caged-nucleotide.’
      • ‘We allowed systemic antihistamines, but no other systemic treatment or ultraviolet light treatment was permitted.’
      • ‘The samples were tested for fluorescence in a darkened room with 4-watt long- and shortwave ultraviolet lamps.’
      • ‘The processor industry-backed company developing extreme ultraviolet lithography chip-making equipment has demonstrated its first prototype.’
      • ‘Deep ultraviolet photolithographically defined ultra-thin films for selective cell adhesion and outgrowth and method of manufacturing the same and devices containing the same’
      • ‘The escalating cost of these tools for conventional optical and extreme ultraviolet lithography is driven in part by the need for complex optical sources and optics.’
      • ‘An ultraviolet filter kills bacteria in a central tank with blasts of artificial light, but the risk remains that water will become contaminated in the pipes carrying it to homes.’
      • ‘The bands containing labeled oligonucleotide were identified by visual inspection and ultraviolet shadowing.’
      • ‘Community Beat Officer Tracy Finn said police had devised an ultraviolet marking scheme to tackle the problem, but they need more people to come forward and pick up the pens to make it a success.’

noun

Physics
  • The ultraviolet part of the spectrum; ultraviolet radiation.

    • ‘The white crystals fluoresce blue-white in longwave ultraviolet radiation while the yellowish crystals fluoresce lemon-yellow.’
    • ‘When many sunspots are visible, the Sun is somewhat brighter than in ‘quiet’ times and radiates considerably more in the ultraviolet.’
    • ‘Solar ultraviolet radiation is thought to be the culprit.’
    • ‘Unless the ship was scanned, it was invisible, since its engines were tuned to emit only in the ultraviolet.’
    • ‘Once CFCs are released into the atmosphere, only strong ultraviolet radiation can break them down.’
    • ‘The ultraviolet radiation in natural sunlight was later identified as a mutagen.’
    • ‘Long ultraviolet would get down to the earth if there were no ozone.’
    • ‘The ozone decline is expected to produce an increase in the ultraviolet radiation at the ground.’
    • ‘This is one of the few big instruments that will be good in the ultraviolet.’
    • ‘The amount of solar ultraviolet radiation at the earth's surface depends on the incoming solar energy and on the transmission properties of the atmosphere.’
    • ‘As the temperature rises, the maximum intensity of the radiated light moves into the red, then extends through the spectrum to the ultraviolet.’
    • ‘A more accurate map shows a wash of differing hues of indigo and violet, with some smatterings of infrared and ultraviolet at the extremes.’
    • ‘Broad-spectrum ultraviolet radiation from the sun or artificial light sources was added as a known carcinogen.’
    • ‘Solar radiation is made up of three forms of energy: about 5 percent ultraviolet, 45 percent visible light, and 50 percent infrared.’
    • ‘Although some ultraviolet radiation passes through his level to be absorbed by ozone in the stratosphere, the most harmful radiation is absorbed at altitudes above 80 km.’
    • ‘Siegel and Toole found that ultraviolet radiation explained almost 90 percent of the variability in the biological production of DMS.’
    • ‘The combination of trauma from the oxygen mask and ultraviolet from the lights in the operating theatre resulted in formation of a subepidermal blister and consequently an erosion.’
    • ‘To concentrate on the ultraviolet part of the spectrum, we calculated the proportion of the ultraviolet in each plumage spectrum measured.’
    • ‘Injury thresholds resulting from exposure of less than 10 seconds to the skin from far infrared and far ultraviolet radiation are very superficial and may involve changes to the outer dead layer of the skin.’
    • ‘When nosing around for protection, you want lenses that block ultraviolet (UVB and UVA) light radiation.’

Pronunciation:

ultraviolet

/ˌəltrəˈvī(ə)lət/