Definition of typhlitis in US English:



  • Inflammation of the cecum.

    • ‘Outpatient monitoring and treatment of patients with typhlitis is not feasible because they require bowel rest and IV administration of fluids and antibiotics.’
    • ‘Whereas diarrhea and fever are common toxicities associated with high-dose chemotherapy, it is likely that many cases of typhlitis go unrecognized.’
    • ‘Fitz compared symptoms of 157 patients who died of ‘typhlitis’ with their autopsy findings, and in 1886, he coined the term appendicitis and urged the appendix's early removal, which was contrary to the habit of delaying surgery.’
    • ‘The reported incidence of typhlitis has depended on whether clinical signs or autopsy findings were used as criteria for diagnosis.’
    • ‘Treatment of typhlitis with G-CSF has already been reported, and formal clinical trials are warranted.’


Mid 19th century: modern Latin, from Greek tuphlon ‘cecum or blind gut’ (from tuphlos ‘blind’) + -itis.