Definition of Turkic in US English:



  • Relating to or denoting a large group of closely related Altaic languages of western and central Asia, including Turkish, Azerbaijani, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Uighur, Uzbek, and Tatar.

    • ‘Prior to Russian colonization it would often have been hard to say where one Turkic language started and another ended.’
    • ‘Central Asia largely speaks Turkic languages.’
    • ‘Most Kyrgyz people speak the Kyrgyz language, which is a distinct Turkic language with Mongol influences.’
    • ‘Kazakh, the official state language of Kazakhstan, is a Turkic language spoken by only 40 percent of the people.’
    • ‘It is a Turkic language belonging to the Altaic-Turkic language group.’
    • ‘The Karakalpak language is part of the Turkic language family.’
    • ‘Kyrgyz is a Turkic language, most closely related to Kazak.’
    • ‘Indeed, most of the Turkic languages had a significant percentage of Arabic and Persian loan elements.’
    • ‘Turkmen is part of the Oghuz group of Turkic languages.’
    • ‘The Uzbek language belongs to the Turkic family of languages.’
    • ‘The closest linguistic relatives of the Hungarians are the Finns and the Estonians, but the Hungarians are also distantly related to the Turkic peoples.’


  • The Turkic languages collectively.

    • ‘The Kyrgyz language belongs to the Southern Turkic group of languages.’
    • ‘Although it has borrowed many words from Arabic, Turkic, Persian, and Russian, Georgian has remained distinctive.’
    • ‘It contains many Turkic, Persian, and Arabic elements.’
    • ‘Most of the people continued to speak in various Turkic or Iranian dialects.’
    • ‘Still essentially Turkic, their language and way of life are now under threat.’
    • ‘The word Tajik means crown and used to distinguish the Persian speaking from the Turkic speaking communities.’
    • ‘Thus Turkic languages have evolved differently in Eastern Turkistan.’
    • ‘Karthli is distinct from Indo-European, Turkic, and Semitic languages.’


Mid 19th century: from Turk + -ic.