Definition of turf in US English:



  • 1Grass and the surface layer of earth held together by its roots.

    ‘they walked across the springy turf’
    • ‘Are its collective community and environmental values consumed or produced in the process of nurturing turf grass?’
    • ‘Unlike grass, the durable turf can be used continuously, providing optimal playing and practice conditions at all times.’
    • ‘The bench area is 40 yards of turf or grass where the players sit and talk when they're not smacking each other upside the head.’
    • ‘None of the three record-keepers tell you if a game is on a Saturday, Sunday or what day of the week and none tells you if the game is on grass or artificial turf.’
    • ‘But the surface is conventional turf, which Queenstown football people believe is ridiculous in their climate.’
    • ‘Belle has impeccable credentials and good millennial numbers, but he is better on paper than on grass or turf.’
    • ‘She opened her eyes just in time to impact roughly among a sward of yellow-green grass into soft turf.’
    • ‘If you have cool season turf, you can reseed it now.’
    • ‘Sixty pigs, which Landis moves frequently to provide them with fresh turf, root around in a wide lot.’
    • ‘Playing on natural grass instead of artificial turf helped him stay healthy.’
    • ‘The shocking weather of the last two weeks has held up the cutting of turf as the banks are saturated and machines are not able to travel without damaging spreading grounds.’
    • ‘The Old Course wasn't built, it simply evolved, a combination of scrubby seaside turf, wispy grasses, prickly gorse and rolling dunes.’
    • ‘The all-weather surface comprises artificial turf laid onto a rubber composite material, giving a realistic feel.’
    • ‘Locals were out in force as they mowed their gardens, saved hay and footed turf.’
    • ‘Their magnificent white-painted trellised lychgate that provided seating for two had a classical roof grassed with turf.’
    • ‘Most of the northern grasses can be affected, Perennial Ryegrass being the most commonly affected turf.’
    • ‘Most established trees and shrubs and some warm-season turf grasses can survive extended periods of limited rainfall.’
    • ‘Lawn care depends on whether your turf is made up of warm- or cool-Season grasses.’
    • ‘Fall is the season to plant trees, turf grasses and spring-blooming flower bulbs such as tulips, daffodils, hyacinths and crocuses.’
    • ‘Deer cropped the springy turf beside us, so close we could hear every snuffle and chomp.’
    grass, lawn, sod
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    1. 1.1 A piece of grass and the surface layer of earth underneath it, cut from the ground.
    2. 1.2 Peat used for fuel.
      • ‘In the surrounding fields, peat or turf is still cut, including by our guide, for fuel.’
      • ‘Meanwhile, those who still use turf as their main source of fuel are having a bad year also with very little turf cut to date, as all the bogs are far too wet.’
      • ‘I loved sitting and chatting to Grannie, while Cindy, her black Labrador, stretched out in front of the open turf fire.’
      • ‘The nostalgic aroma of burning turf makes for a little scene from 50 years ago in any regular country kitchen.’
      • ‘The island had no trees and winter fuel was mainly turf, cut from a bog on the mainland.’
      • ‘The profit of turbary is the right to cut turf or peat, usually in order to burn it.’
      • ‘There was the most wonderful, bright, glorious turf fire.’
      • ‘As the layers build up, they form a thick crust of turf that is called peat.’
      • ‘On school days the children s parents had to take turns bringing in turf for the school fire.’
      • ‘One farmer was able to cut turf from his land where the peat had dried to a depth of one foot.’
      • ‘At points along the perimeter of the crowd local residents tended smoky turf fires and plied their trade of selling cups of tea at exorbitant prices.’
      • ‘In the month of September most of the turf and peat was harvested, as well as hay and silage, so most hay barns and sheds are full for the winter’
      • ‘Now we can't use turf for our fire, it has to be oil.’
      • ‘The government had launched a campaign to increase the tonnage of turf drawn from peat bogs as a substitute.’
      • ‘We are depending on turf for fuel and the work is not easy but people do not mind.’
      • ‘Those who still use turf for their home fires have never had a better year to save the crop in the bogs.’
  • 2the turfHorse racing or racecourses generally.

    ‘he spent his money gambling on the turf’
    • ‘The dark bay or brown horse annexed his final career start, winning an allowance race on the turf at Churchill Downs on June 22.’
    • ‘He was odds-on to win a seventh championship despite controversy ahead of the 2004 turf season, but lost out to Frankie Dettori.’
    • ‘In his previous effort, Funfair won the Troy Stakes on August 20 at Saratoga Race Course over yielding turf.’
    • ‘Ten other fillies and mares have been entered in the 5 ½ furlong turf race.’
    • ‘He did his best racing on the turf, winning the one-mile Bien Bien Stakes at Hollywood Park in his grass debut in 2003.’
    • ‘He caught the racing bug from his brother, a dentist, who was a keen follower of the turf.’
    • ‘She has won four of nine starts, three on the turf, this season, and has earned $192,915.’
    • ‘Michael Kinane guided the winner, who covered the seven furlongs over good turf in 1: 26.97.’
    • ‘She has five wins from 14 career starts and has won three of six races on the turf.’
    • ‘It has to be an incident-free five days at Ascot, with all the drama on the turf.’
    • ‘Once the track is finished, Kempton will no longer offer flat racing on the turf, which will be reserved for steeplechase events.’
    • ‘But in her first race on the turf, she will have to contend with three top fillies running as an entry for trainer Bobby Frankel.’
    • ‘The pair will be coupled in the wagering in the 1 ½ mile race on the turf.’
    • ‘The new track planned for Great Leighs is another nail in the coffin for turf horseracing in this country.’
    • ‘Willmot said the turf course at Lone Star, which will host the Cup for the first time, doesn't fit the style European horsemen prefer.’
    horse racing, racing, the racing world
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  • 3informal An area regarded as someone's personal territory; one's home ground.

    ‘the team will play Canada on their home turf this summer’
    • ‘In some parts of the city there were regular gun battles over turf or drug deals gone sour.’
    • ‘Academics tend to be very territorial people, anxious to defend their disciplinary turf.’
    • ‘Each knew the other's gifts, each took care not to trespass on the other person's turf.’
    • ‘Scholars engaged in this battle argue that they are not only protecting their academic turf, but preserving the life of their discipline.’
    • ‘There's a powerful sense of entropy, particularly when you see nature struggling to reclaim an artificial area as its turf.’
    • ‘Putting herself against these people on their turf with no weapons was too much to hope to escape unscratched.’
    • ‘If you don't stake out your turf in other domains, a competitor might grab the territory first.’
    • ‘Photograph your stunt in progress and upload to the site to claim your turf.’
    area of influence, sphere of influence, area of activity, sphere of activity, territory, domain, province, preserve
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    1. 3.1 A person's sphere of influence or activity.
      ‘we're in similar businesses but we cover different turf’
      • ‘I'm not trying to hold on to the turf of my committee as chairman of the armed services.’


  • 1British informal with object and adverbial Force (someone) to leave somewhere.

    ‘they were turfed off the bus’
    • ‘More than 30 people were turfed out of Norfolk House, Brookmill Road, Deptford, following an early morning raid.’
    • ‘Though at one point we were all turfed out for a fire-drill.’
    • ‘Officers are called to the Lock, Stock and Barrel, where a drunk has been turfed out by doormen.’
    • ‘His father, a tenant farmer, was turfed off his land by the estate owners who sold it to the Forestry Commission for tree planting.’
    • ‘He will even turf noisy neighbours out of their homes, unless they toe the line.’
    • ‘The chairman offered words of support for Kingstonian fans and promised they would never be turfed out of their home.’
    • ‘Still, he's warm, and it is pretty cold and wet outside, so it wouldn't be fair to turf him off.’
    • ‘After all, what a crime against democracy it would be if the Beloved Great Leader was turfed out of office by mere ordinary people!’
    • ‘I turfed him out of bed to ‘sleep’ on the sofa.’
    • ‘PJ was the first to be ‘evicted’ for nibbling Helen's ears, Craig was turfed out for gnawing the cage, and Penny was thrown out for pinching food rations.’
    • ‘Indeed, some Scottish fans sat through sessions unchallenged while media were turfed out.’
    • ‘Regular turnstile operators in Congo have been turfed out by a bizarre initiative introduced by the national football federation.’
    • ‘More and more peasants were being turfed off their land.’
    • ‘This year we get barely a fortnight after Easter before we're all being turfed out of work again for the May Day holiday.’
    • ‘When it was time for his lordship to occupy the bed the pig was turfed out and put on top of his master's clothes to ensure they were warm in the morning.’
    • ‘It seems to mean that these people are simply turfed out into the streets.’
    • ‘He's serving his time in the prison of pop culture and we should all pay him a visit before they turf him out for probation.’
    • ‘Stroke victims are worried about what will happen to them if they are turfed out of the specialist ward to fend for themselves.’
    • ‘According to some reports, sick and wounded patients were turfed out of their beds so that these could be taken too.’
    • ‘When my mother saw how spindly I was, she couldn't wait to turf me out.’
    throw out, remove, eject, expel, turn out, fling out, force out, drive out, evict, dislodge, oust
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  • 2often as adjective turfedwith object Cover (a patch of ground) with turf.

    ‘a turfed lawn’
    • ‘Small, lateral roots that replace the rotted ones give the root system a matter or turfed appearance.’
    • ‘April and September are the two months previously known for their generous rainfall, and therefore the best times for sowing or turfing a lawn.’
    • ‘New lawns can be sown or turfed this month but leave it until autumn once June comes around.’
    • ‘In recent years, to create a pleasant ambience and to keep the shifting sands in check, the land around the complex was turfed.’
    • ‘These are exciting times - we are hoping to be on the ground next month and get it turfed and seeded for next season.’
    • ‘By the time they moved in the gardens had been turfed and paved, and were framed with low open railings.’
    • ‘This unsightly ‘car park’ should be turfed and landscaped.’
    • ‘Maybe someone has a turfed roof or some window boxes hidden away?’
    • ‘In the new year, the open areas will be turfed, and benches installed so that everyone can use the area.’
    • ‘The roofs were thatched, turfed or covered in wood shingles, depending on available local resources.’
    • ‘The ground will then be turfed, meaning the children will finally be able to enjoy games on their brand new school field.’
    grass over, lay grass on
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Old English, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch turf and German Torf, from an Indo-European root shared by Sanskrit darbha ‘tuft of grass’.