Definition of tularemia in US English:


(British tularaemia)


  • A severe infectious bacterial disease of animals transmissible to humans, characterized by ulcers at the site of infection, fever, and loss of weight.

    This disease is caused by the bacterium Francisella tularensis; Gram-negative rods or cocci

    Compare with rabbit fever
    • ‘Tick-borne diseases in the United States include Rocky Mountain spotted fever, Lyme disease, ehrlichiosis, tularemia, babesiosis, Colorado tick fever, and relapsing fever.’
    • ‘Other infectious diseases that pose a threat include plague, tularemia, botulism and tuberculosis.’
    • ‘The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Category A agents are those that cause diseases considered to pose the greatest risk to national security: anthrax, smallpox, plague, botulism, tularemia and viral hemorrhagic fevers.’
    • ‘The minister identified plague, ebola, smallpox, anthrax, tularaemia and botulism as the main biological threats.’
    • ‘Finally, with the new risks of bioterrorism, emergency physicians need to lead in the early diagnosis of illnesses such as anthrax, smallpox, plague, tularaemia, and botulism.’


1920s: modern Latin, from Tulare, the county in California where it was first observed.