Definition of tularemia in English:


(British tularaemia)


  • A severe infectious bacterial disease of animals transmissible to humans, characterized by ulcers at the site of infection, fever, and loss of weight.

    Compare with rabbit fever
    • ‘Tick-borne diseases in the United States include Rocky Mountain spotted fever, Lyme disease, ehrlichiosis, tularemia, babesiosis, Colorado tick fever, and relapsing fever.’
    • ‘The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Category A agents are those that cause diseases considered to pose the greatest risk to national security: anthrax, smallpox, plague, botulism, tularemia and viral hemorrhagic fevers.’
    • ‘The minister identified plague, ebola, smallpox, anthrax, tularaemia and botulism as the main biological threats.’
    • ‘Other infectious diseases that pose a threat include plague, tularemia, botulism and tuberculosis.’
    • ‘Finally, with the new risks of bioterrorism, emergency physicians need to lead in the early diagnosis of illnesses such as anthrax, smallpox, plague, tularaemia, and botulism.’


1920s: modern Latin, from Tulare, the county in California where it was first observed.