Main definitions of tris in English

: tris1tris2

tris1

(also tris buffer)

noun

  • A flammable compound that forms a corrosive solution in water and is used as a buffer and emulsifying agent.

    • ‘After transferring the membranes were blocked with 3 per cent bovine serum albumin in tris buffered saline and 0.1 per cent tween 20 and incubated with patients' sera followed by IgM / IgG (Sigma, USA).’
    • ‘Fourth, under certain conditions, such as supported multibilayers or a supported bilayer prepared in tris buffer, lipid bilayers can form ripple phases.’
    • ‘After incubation for half an hour, the sections were rinsed with tris buffer, peroxidase solution was added, incubated for 30 min and later rinsed with the buffer.’
    • ‘Four times PCV of buffer I (10 mM tris, 1 mM ethylenediamine-tetraacetic acid [EDTA] and 5 mM dithiothreitol [DTT]) was added and the mixture was incubated on ice for 20 min.’
    • ‘Nonspecific sites were blocked with blocking solution containing 20 mM tris base, 150 mM sodium chloride, 3% nonfat milk, and 0.3% Tween 20 for 1 h at room temperature.’

Origin

1950s: from tris-, the prefix of the systematic name.

Pronunciation:

tris

/trɪs/

Main definitions of tris in English

: tris1tris2

tris2

noun

  • An organophosphorus compound, used as a flame retardant.

    • ‘The flame retardant, tris(2,3-dibromopropyl)phosphate (tris-BP), which is a mutagen and causes cancer and sterility in animals is absorbed from fabric by people.’
    • ‘We illustrate our approach through application to data from a study of mutation induction in lacI transgenic mice after exposure to the flame retardant tris (2,3-dibromopropyl) phosphate.’
    • ‘Another flame retardant, tris-(1,3-dichloro-2-propyl)-phosphate, and its expected metabolites are mutagens.’

Origin

1970s: from tris-, the prefix of the systematic name.

Pronunciation:

tris

/trɪs/