Definition of trauma in US English:

trauma

noun

  • 1A deeply distressing or disturbing experience.

    ‘a personal trauma like the death of a child’
    • ‘Students are encouraged to experience university challenges as traumas.’
    • ‘I, too, experienced the traumas of trying to enter the world of journalism.’
    • ‘It can be triggered by peer pressure, media pressure or sudden traumas such as divorce or death.’
    • ‘More traumas like this and I might actually have to use one.’
    • ‘We work with a variety of young people and families, many have experienced traumas, different forms of abuse.’
    • ‘The majority of these power-hungry leaders are trying to make up for sins in their own lives or for the past traumas and hurts they have experienced.’
    • ‘In my work I often see people who have suffered terrible traumas but never as immediately as this.’
    • ‘Did you have an unusually bad high-school experience, or was it just the usual teen traumas?’
    • ‘This evolutionary process has not been without its traumas.’
    • ‘No nation has experienced the traumas that have repeatedly befallen the Jewish nation.’
    • ‘He hints at family traumas, but is suspicious of pop stars who ‘pour their hearts out with media training’.’
    • ‘She has a dark, dark secret that would twist the mind of any cat that has experienced the traumas she has, and seen the things she's seen.’
    • ‘A generation for whom all these realities are new, and yet are exposed to the traumas in such an unfiltered way, is bound to be deeply troubled.’
    • ‘His experience of the traumas and the issues of the civil war of the 1260s informed his approach to English affairs when he became king.’
    • ‘This act was deeply unpopular, and implicated Ford in the traumas of Watergate.’
    • ‘Persons suffering from traumas such as strokes or serious accidents are vulnerable due to the wait.’
    • ‘Okay, as far as phobia-causing childhood traumas go, I'm sure there are worse.’
    • ‘But such traumas only occur after exhaustive efforts to achieve co-operation with dignity have failed.’
    • ‘The effects of the traumas experienced by Holocaust survivors persist more than 50 years later.’
    • ‘Given the traumas of his previous runs this season, I won't be recommending a bet…’
    torment, agony, suffering, pain
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    1. 1.1 Emotional shock following a stressful event or a physical injury, which may be associated with physical shock and sometimes leads to long-term neurosis.
      • ‘Aside from what was later termed emotional trauma, the divers were returned unharmed.’
      • ‘These testimonies are then separated from other traumas and suffering across the globe.’
      • ‘For many Muslims, it has been a haven where they could come to heal the traumas and persecution they experienced in their home countries.’
      • ‘The traumas of reversing this process are still being felt some 10 years after the systems were abolished.’
      • ‘The goal of this author and her family is to give a voice for the long term victims of trauma.’
      • ‘Many Australian veterans have suffered from the long-term effects of trauma.’
      • ‘Our service-men and women would probably suffer the same kind of traumas which have hit combatants from past conflicts.’
      • ‘I hope that her family will be able to spend some quality time with her, but it will not be easy in the long run to cope with such emotional trauma.’
      • ‘In my opinion, the causes are related to depression, emotional trauma and extremely low self-esteem.’
      • ‘While such events can lead to considerable psychological trauma and distress, they may also inure a young mind to violence.’
      • ‘It is not confined to those who suffer emotional trauma or who are diagnosed as being mentally ill.’
      • ‘This proud young man has already experienced the physical pain and emotional trauma inflicted by this government.’
      • ‘The trauma of the ordeal led her to move to another house as she feared for her safety.’
      • ‘Psychologists said the child, who was immediately placed in foster care, would suffer long-term trauma.’
      • ‘Many suffer emotional trauma from the shock of leaving home and being forced into a relationship too early.’
      • ‘It was the custody that caused the mother and son to suffer the severe emotional trauma that led to the suicide, she added.’
      • ‘This is in addition to the increased shock and trauma such events would have upon the release of these men.’
      • ‘She told the conference that injuries she couldn't show were the emotional and mental trauma.’
      • ‘No thought is given to the physical, mental, and emotional trauma suffered by the victim.’
      • ‘Psychological trauma and long term emotional damage were major concerns.’
      shock, upheaval, distress, stress, strain, pain, anguish, suffering, upset, agony, misery, sorrow, grief, heartache, heartbreak, torture
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  • 2Medicine
    Physical injury.

    • ‘All blunt orbital trauma should be taken seriously even when an injury is apparently trivial.’
    • ‘Other causes are trauma, iatrogenic injury, popliteal aneurysm, and aortic dissection.’
    • ‘A foreign body usually presents with a history of trauma and an entrance wound that will not heal.’
    • ‘The county medical examiner said the boy died of blunt force trauma, a fractured skull and bruised brain.’
    • ‘The common abdominal injuries after blunt trauma are those to the spleen, liver, and kidneys.’
    injury, damage, hurt, wound, wounding, sore, bruise, cut, laceration, lesion, abrasion, contusion
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Origin

Late 17th century: from Greek, literally ‘wound’.

Pronunciation