Definition of translation in US English:

translation

noun

  • 1The process of translating words or text from one language into another.

    ‘Constantine's translation of Arabic texts into Latin’
    • ‘Her beautiful descriptive poetic language, even in translation, goes some way to helping this happen.’
    • ‘After months of applying for research or translation work, Maryan took a job in a new dry cleaning shop.’
    • ‘In the colonial context, translation acted as a mediating agency between conquest and conversion.’
    • ‘Still, he reckons it's taught him a lot about translation, and how it is more often the simplicity than the complexity of language that is lost.’
    • ‘That for as much as I love publishing, I no longer have too many earnest conversations about literature or translation, I quit smoking and I wear far more pink than black.’
    • ‘But experts reading those words, whether in translation or in the original Arabic, describe the language as divisive and militant.’
    • ‘The women who have spoken are illiterate but their words, even in translation, emerge like fresh sprouts from a rich soil.’
    • ‘Helen's mastery of translation flowed from several converging sources that made her unique.’
    • ‘The English text - in translation from the Japanese - was carefully edited by Victor Hauge, a staff member of the United States Embassy in Tokyo.’
    • ‘Three Arabic texts are presented in translation.’
    • ‘Proceedings were mostly conducted in English, but there was simultaneous translation into six official languages.’
    • ‘His wife spoke no English, and, despite translation, I was aware that none of our conversations was entirely successful.’
    • ‘Here he describes some of the fables and some of the reality, based on research and translation work that he has done in his sixteen years in Japan.’
    • ‘The French, as always, must have a word for it, yet surely something is lost in translation?’
    • ‘Arabic is said to be a powerfully lyric language, so perhaps the above snatches lose something in translation.’
    • ‘Hence the purpose of translation was for performance, though the published version gives no hint about that.’
    • ‘For those who do not speak English, there are 60 booths for simultaneous language translation.’
    • ‘More radical, and more decisive, developments in translation theory took place in Europe.’
    • ‘In light of the findings of this analysis, as well as the previously mentioned translation research, a number of implications need to be addressed.’
    • ‘They were simple conversations, ultimately hamstrung by translation.’
    • ‘Most sessions were translated into English and Hindi, and some offered simultaneous translation into other languages.’
    • ‘Many of the problems of getting an accurate model to render properly can be traced to what happens during translation to those formats.’
    1. 1.1 A written or spoken rendering of the meaning of a word, speech, book, or other text, in another language.
      ‘a German translation of Oscar Wilde's play’
      ‘a term for which there is no adequate English translation’
      • ‘The book includes literal English translations of idioms, but behind them are idiomatic meanings.’
      • ‘We published a collection of English and French translations of 50 poems written by Afghan women.’
      • ‘He has published more than 25 translations of poetry from eight languages.’
      • ‘Some editions include a translation of the Gospel of Thomas as an appendix.’
      • ‘My basic attitude is respect for anyone who's published a translation of Homer.’
      • ‘As translations of literary texts into other languages go, it is not unexpected that poetry prevails.’
      • ‘Before he went there al-Biruni already knew of Indian astronomy and mathematics from Arabic translations of some Sanskrit texts.’
      • ‘It has been translated into 15 different languages, with further translations planned.’
      • ‘After a short while, the computer finally gave him a rough translation of the text.’
      • ‘He also revived or bought several publishers for different editions and translations of the book.’
      • ‘A Slovak translation appeared in what was Czechoslovakia in 1959.’
      • ‘The literal English translation is simply ungrammatical, and most readers would find it incoherent.’
      • ‘Should we provide translations of our campaign literature?’
      • ‘In 1816 the Analytical Society produced a translation of a book of Lacroix in the differential and integral calculus.’
      • ‘His voice was inaudible, but an announcer read an Arabic translation of his words.’
      • ‘Even though some institutions provide for language study, all have to provide translations of foreign texts.’
      • ‘He added that booklets with the English translations will be available on the night.’
      • ‘New editions of the texts in the original languages and new translations have been published.’
      • ‘If you know French, you can read French translations of his collected works, which are great fun.’
      • ‘Over the centuries numerous translations have appeared in many languages.’
      rendering, rendition, gloss, conversion, construing, transcription, transliteration, metaphrase
      rendition, adaptation, version, rendering, paraphrase, paraphrasing, rewording, rephrase, rephrasing, recasting, conversion, deciphering, decoding, gloss, crib, simplification, explanation, elucidation, clarification
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    2. 1.2 The conversion of something from one form or medium into another.
      ‘the translation of research findings into clinical practice’
      • ‘This kind of thinking also brings out the way in which the balance of a novel can be shifted by the very nature of translation between mediums governed by differing generic conventions.’
      • ‘Some differences between the paintings and the sculptures are necessary consequences of the translation from one medium to another.’
      • ‘However, translation of genomic research discoveries to improved clinical outcomes can occur only with an informed professional workforce.’
      • ‘We also contend that policies and procedures implemented in basic research facilitate their successful translation into preventive intervention programs.’
      • ‘One area of scientific responsibility that psychologists need to take more seriously is the translation of their research results.’
      • ‘Clinical trials on patients are vital to the translation of new research into clinical practice, but they are in decline.’
      • ‘One obvious solution to this incompatible babble of bits would be special translation programs for converting from one format to another.’
      • ‘The novel aspect of the research is the translation of an algorithm - the basic method underlying a computer program - into the process of crystal growth.’
      • ‘The lack of capacity for research will stop the translation of discoveries in basic science into clinical practice.’
      • ‘This program will enhance interactions between scientists and clinicians in order to accelerate the translation of research findings into medical applications.’
      • ‘The translation of such a miserable message into the medium of film has only been accomplished three times.’
      • ‘We need to promote our accomplishments, identify gaps in our translation of research to educational practice and develop strategies for change where necessary.’
      • ‘Although pomp loses something in the translation to the small screen - on my vintage set, anyway.’
      • ‘It's up to them, but there are several other classic modules that would lend themselves to translation to a computer version.’
      change, conversion, transformation, alteration, adaptation, turning, metamorphosis, transmutation, transfiguration, rendering
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    3. 1.3Biology The process by which a sequence of nucleotide triplets in a messenger RNA molecule gives rise to a specific sequence of amino acids during synthesis of a polypeptide or protein.
      • ‘All these proteins are synthesized by translation of preformed maternal mRNA.’
      • ‘The nucleotide sequence and the polypeptide translation of the insert is shown in Fig.1.’
      • ‘The mRNA containing the amber codon then leaves the nucleus and travels to the ribosome where it serves as a template for translation of a specific protein.’
      • ‘A gene, by the way, is a portion of DNA responsible for encoding messenger RNA for translation into protein.’
      • ‘Protein synthesis inhibitors can rapidly block translation elongation and cause release of truncated polypeptide chains.’
  • 2technical, formal The process of moving something from one place to another.

    ‘the translation of the relics of St. Thomas of Canterbury’
    • ‘Bishops might preach at church consecrations or at the translation of relics, or go on occasional preaching tours, particularly to promote crusading fervour.’
    relocation, transfer, transferral, move, moving, movement, removal, shift, conveyance, conveying, transport, transportation
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    1. 2.1Mathematics Movement of a body from one point of space to another such that every point of the body moves in the same direction and over the same distance, without any rotation, reflection, or change in size.
      • ‘Cartesian coordinate fluctuations for all heavy atoms were calculated after subtraction of overall translation and rotation.’
      • ‘There seems to be a movement to direct translation.’
      • ‘A maneuvering body undergoes translation or rotation as opposed to a stable body in which the sum of all forces and all turning moments are zero.’
      • ‘The common motions are rotation and translation across the discontinuities.’
      • ‘These alternative S4 movements, translation and rotation, are not mutually exclusive.’

Origin

Middle English: from Old French, or from Latin translatio(n-), from translat- ‘carried across’ (see translate).

Pronunciation