Definition of translate in English:

translate

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • 1Express the sense of (words or text) in another language.

    ‘the German original has been translated into English’
    • ‘On following the English text, I realised that the translator had translated word for word because she did not fully understand.’
    • ‘He muttered something in a language I recognized as Italian, but I could not translate the words.’
    • ‘I always find myself translating the words in my head.’
    • ‘The famous statement attributed to Jesus about the foolishness of giving up one's ‘soul’ for the world translates the Greek word psyche.’
    • ‘I put my ear to the door, expecting some foreign language from another planet, but to my surprise, my brain translated the words to me even though I had never heard them.’
    • ‘From what I can tell, somebody went through and very literally translated words from German to English for the North American release.’
    • ‘Where possible without contortion, I have used gender-free language in translating these terms.’
    • ‘In this sense, representation is the contemporary term that translates the Greek word mimesis, used by Plato and Aristotle to describe the making of likenesses.’
    • ‘The best thing about that text is that it translates the word ‘pop’ as ‘explosion sound.’’
    • ‘It's a bit of a mug's game trying to translate the already translated words of a person back into the language originally used.’
    • ‘These juridical responsa are translated here for the first time into a European language, with introduction and annotation.’
    • ‘The only tricky part to the whole thing was how to translate the words while trying to keep the same logical structure and writing style.’
    • ‘The Russian interpreter appeared to be having difficulty translating his master's words.’
    • ‘Then I carefully opened the first envelope and extracted a piece of crinkled loose-leaf notebook paper, and had to smile at it as I began translating the misspelled words and tiny scribbles.’
    • ‘Sign language is visual, and isn't always translated word for word into English.’
    • ‘Its big guffaw moments include an old lady macing a couple of cops and a sign language interpreter translating four-letter words.’
    • ‘I could not help translating his words for my mother.’
    • ‘In my speech I translated the words as they were, very literally.’
    • ‘I learned a great deal about the Polish language from translating this book, and that continues to serve me well.’
    interpret, render, gloss, put, express, convert, change, construe, transcribe, transliterate
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    1. 1.1no object Be expressed or be capable of being expressed in another language.
      ‘shiatsu literally translates as “finger pressure.”’
      • ‘While we agreed on the rest of the conversation, somehow sting ray did not translate literally between English and Spanish.’
      • ‘Literally translated from Scottish dialect, the words auld lang syne mean old long since, or, in more familiar terms, days gone by.’
      • ‘From this he developed Ikenobo, the Japan's oldest school of Ikebana, literally translated as ‘The Way of the Flower’.’
      • ‘William wrote, in Latin, Pluralitas non est ponenda sine neccesitate, which translates literally into English as ‘Plurality should not be posited without necessity’.’
      • ‘The process of cooking ‘sous-vide’ literally translates from French to mean ‘under vacuum.’’
      • ‘Worse still, the group's name translates literally as ‘the ball appreciation society’.’
      • ‘It translates literally as Easterner, referring to their origins in Eastern Tibet.’
      • ‘Arohanui is a Maori greeting which literally translates as ‘big love’ or more broadly peace and love among all people.’
      • ‘It translates literally to ‘over here the good soup’, which I think is even funnier.’
      • ‘Fond d' Or literally translates as ‘Valley of Gold’ but don't get any ideas about digging for gold, there is no known history of such metals to be found.’
      • ‘From the Latin word ‘paganus,’ pagan literally translates to country dweller.’
      • ‘In addition, many idioms and expressions mean something very different when translated literally into another language.’
      • ‘A classic example of a thirst-quenching summer beer is the German beer known as hefeweizen, which literally translates to ‘yeast wheat beer.’’
      • ‘For example, ‘Ibalan’ literally translates as ‘Try Hard’.’
      • ‘Emotionally rather than literally, it translates as ‘Holy cow!’’
      • ‘‘Saltimbocca’ literally translates as ‘leap in the mouth’, which is what these morsels do.’
      • ‘In fact, in Chinese they are jiashanshi, which literally translates as ‘fake mountain rocks.’’
      • ‘But chocolate is manufactured from the cocoa plant Theobroma cacao, which literally translates as ‘food of the gods’.’
      • ‘She adds that this approach is what she believes translates across cultures and language.’
      • ‘I wonder if the ‘no harm in asking’ expression translates?’
    2. 1.2translate something into/translate into Convert something or be converted into (another form or medium)
      with object ‘few of Shakespeare's other works have been translated into ballets’
      • ‘But translating ideals into tangible policies and alternatives have not been easy.’
      • ‘Some powerful music corporations have tried to outlaw MP3, to block hardware that uses it, shut down websites that utilise it, and to legislate against translating other formats into it.’
      • ‘Not only is he one of the best preachers in the world, he has the ability to translate his message into other mediums, including books, music, and drama.’
      • ‘British designers often have trouble translating their originality into sales.’
      • ‘I enjoy the process of translating thoughts into visuals.’
      • ‘You try to think how much fabric you will need, translating shapes into metres, or in my case, yards which I then convert to metric.’
      • ‘This sequence will have a real bearing on the tone of the rest of the season, and the importance of translating excuses into results cannot be overestimated.’
      • ‘What dance intends to communicate seems impossible to translate into a casual conversation.’
      • ‘We have the following conversation which I shall translate into the dialect for verisimilitude.’
      • ‘After months of nitpicking of this kind some movement towards translating words into deeds has at last taken place.’
      • ‘It is to this important phase of translating concepts into measures that we now turn.’
      • ‘I wondered if it would be possible to translate those elements into a time-based medium such as video.’
      • ‘It is about translating their dreams into abilities.’
      • ‘As the report states, ‘the difficulty we face is in translating our intentions into concrete action.’’
      • ‘But we haven't always been good at keeping our scientists here and translating their work into jobs and prosperity for Britain.’
      • ‘The second part happens in the artist's hands, as the idea is translated into a specific medium that other people can appreciate.’
      • ‘You're highly proficient at translating words into numbers.’
      • ‘However, translating promises into actionable agenda will require a vision, a road map and lot of innovations.’
      • ‘With music, the song undergoes a recontextualization, remaining in the same medium, with the artists translating the material into a particular style.’
      • ‘But translating percentages into numbers for the purpose of evaluating their impact on politics makes the importance of these numbers real.’
      render, paraphrase, reword, rephrase, recast, convert, decipher, decode, gloss, explain, unravel, reveal, elucidate, expound, clarify, spell out
      change, convert, transform, alter, turn, metamorphose, transmute, transfigure, render
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    3. 1.3Biology Convert (a sequence of nucleotides in messenger RNA) to an amino-acid sequence in a protein or polypeptide during synthesis.
      • ‘First the DNA is transcribed into messenger RNA by the enzyme RNA polymerase; then the messenger RNA is translated into protein by ribosomes.’
      • ‘DNA sequences were translated into amino acid sequences (the Drosophila code was used for Gammarus, and the mammalian code was used for Rana and Apodemus).’
      • ‘Special proteins remove the noncoding regions from the mRNA before it is translated into protein at the ribosome.’
      • ‘All nucleotide alignments were translated into amino acid alignments.’
      • ‘The DNA is transcribed into an intermediary called RNA, which ferries the genetic message out to the ribosomes, where it is translated into a protein chain.’
      • ‘The genetic code is the mapping by which nucleotide sequences are translated into amino acid sequences.’
  • 2Move from one place or condition to another.

    ‘she had been translated from familiar surroundings to a foreign court’
    relocate, transfer, move, remove, shift, convey, transport, transplant
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    1. 2.1formal Move (a bishop) to another see or pastoral charge.
      • ‘He was made bishop of Dunkeld in 1544 and three years later, after the murder of Cardinal Beaton, was translated to the archbishopric of St Andrews and primacy.’
    2. 2.2formal Remove (a saint's relics) to another place.
      • ‘Edward was buried without due honour at Wareham, though his body was later translated to Shaftesbury.’
      • ‘His relics were translated c. 849, to Dunkeld in Pictland, and to Kells.’
      • ‘The relics and ex voto gifts accumulated since the ninth century when the relics were translated from the administrative town of Agen are now stored in a nearby building.’
      • ‘Relics were increasingly translated, or transported into, churches from sites of martyrdom, and as the basis for Christian burial ad sanctos.’
    3. 2.3literary Convey (someone, typically still alive) to heaven.
      • ‘Elijah was said to have been translated to Heaven on a fiery chariot, a scene often depicted on Early Christian sarcophagi, whereas the Bible says simply that Enoch was taken by God.’
      • ‘If the Form Critics are right, the disciples must have been translated to heaven immediately after the Resurrection.’
  • 3Physics
    Cause (a body) to move so that all its parts travel in the same direction, without rotation or change of shape.

    • ‘A gyroscope inside translates movement through the air into mouse movements, which moves the pointer on the screen.’
    • ‘That lets one translate the radialvelocity periods and amplitudes into actual planetary masses - not just lower mass limits.’
    • ‘As a result, both angular and vertical accelerations experienced by the body were translated directly to the head.’
    • ‘Rotation of the lever in a second direction translates rotational movement into sliding motion of the upper disk in a second direction to control the water flow rate.’
    • ‘Everything from the motion of the planets to visual perception was described in terms of particles bouncing off of one another, translating their kinetic motion from one body to another.’
    1. 3.1Mathematics Transform (a geometric figure) in an analogous way.
      • ‘The line may be also translated by dragging it anywhere away from the points.’
      • ‘To calculate shape coordinates, the 23 triangles were translated, rotated, and rescaled relative to the baseline.’

Origin

Middle English: from Latin translat- ‘carried across’, past participle of transferre (see transfer).

Pronunciation