One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
1A thorough or dramatic change in form or appearance.‘its landscape has undergone a radical transformation’
change, alteration, modification, variation, conversion, revision, amendment, metamorphosis, transfiguration, evolution, mutation, sea changeView synonyms
- ‘For a hint as to how that might unfold, consider the revolution pop music is currently undergoing - a radical transformation not of content but of distribution and perception.’
- ‘One of the least demanding of all perennial plants, irises are undergoing a radical transformation regarding color, flower form, and reblooming abilities.’
- ‘The character of the inner city has undergone a marked transformation since the City set up a rejuvenation plan five years ago.’
- ‘In the former, there has been a radical transformation in the nature of the designs: artists have developed a new ‘ethnic’ style.’
- ‘Changes in your appearance reflect major transformations occurring within.’
- ‘He laughs at these great transformations of nature by nature.’
- ‘I suppose that's why ecopsychology experts suggest that reconnecting with nature requires a transformation of consciousness.’
- ‘This country is undergoing a radical transformation because of illegal immigration and our President will do nothing to stop it.’
- ‘The traditional post office underwent a radical transformation and the new-look store was opened ten years ago.’
- ‘Happily, the nature of the transformation has been the opposite of that predicted by the past century's major prophets: Aldous Huxley and George Orwell.’
- ‘The radical transformation that many prisoners undergo is often lost in popular accounts of the prison experience.’
- ‘But the entire focus of reconstruction underwent a wholesale transformation in the months after the war.’
- ‘She could easily see all the changes the transformation wrought on her appearance, and she was glad for them.’
- ‘Over the course of the last two decades the organisation of governmental activity has undergone a radical transformation.’
- ‘One of our biggest challenges is to step back from the fray and find a space where we can reflect on the nature of the transformation so that our response to it is proactive rather than reactive.’
- ‘Over the last number of weeks, the theatre has been undergoing a radical transformation in the name of theatre.’
- ‘If the quasar results are eventually confirmed, our concepts of space and time are sure to undergo radical transformations.’
- ‘Behind them, we have to believe the mind will undergo a radical transformation.’
- 1.1 A metamorphosis during the life cycle of an animal.
- ‘With apologies to those whose work we might leave out, we are still far from having a complete understanding of how the transformations of metamorphosis are controlled in even one species.’
- ‘This is especially true in the late larval transformations into juveniles, where MF plays an inhibitory role, as well as during the transformation of juveniles into adults.’
- ‘The transformation to the adult form sheds the gills in favor of two pairs of wings.’
- ‘The complex transformation to adult morphology begins in the last larval instar and completes during the resting stage of the pupa.’
- ‘These results provide insight into the hydrodynamic importance of major evolutionary transformations in pectoral fin morphology within the Actinopterygii.’
- ‘Another striking example of metamorphosis is the transformation of the pluteus stage larva of the sea urchin into the adult.’
- ‘The metamorphic transformation from larva to pupa to butterfly (with a range of several hundred miles).’
- ‘In sexual reproduction, spermatocytes develop from the transformation of choanocytes, and oocytes arise from archeocytes.’
- ‘Both the molting process and the metamorphic transformation from larva to pupa are coordinated and regulated by hormones.’
- ‘Morphological transformation of the antenna also correlates with stratigraphic occurrence.’
- 1.2Physics The induced or spontaneous change of one element into another by a nuclear process.
- ‘Gamma rays are high energy photons, often emitted together with beta or alpha radiations when the transformation has left the atom with excess energy.’
- ‘Except for the transformation of elements by nuclear reactions, all of the atoms in the universe heavier than helium are the products of the nuclear reactions that take place in dying stars.’
- ‘In a series of experiments, he also found that slow neutrons were efficient agents of nuclear transformations and won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1938.’
- ‘In chemistry, thermodynamics refers to the transformations of energy associated with chemical reactions.’
- ‘As a result of the nucleon transformations, a new proton is left behind in the nucleus and the atomic number of the atom is raised by one.’
- 1.3Logic Mathematics A process by which one figure, expression, or function is converted into another that is equivalent in some important respect but is differently expressed or represented.
- ‘He thus enriched analysis and gave the complete solution of the two great questions of the transformation of hyperelliptic functions and of their complex multiplication.’
- ‘Picard also discovered a group, now called the Picard group, which acts as a group of transformations on a linear differential equation.’
- ‘Painlevé's first area of interest in mathematics was rational transformations of algebraic curves and surfaces.’
- ‘He was mainly interested in the applications of this subject to linear transformations on Hilbert space.’
- ‘His results on this topic provided connections between number theory, theta functions, and the transformations of abelian functions.’
- 1.4Linguistics A process by which an element in the underlying deep structure of a sentence is converted to an element in the surface structure.
- ‘At the time he was busy mimeographing handouts about ordering constraints among syntactic transformations.’
- ‘It's a fast language for doing all sorts of text transformations, and you can pick up the simpler elements, I think, from scratch in a week or two.’
- ‘The transformation is typically carried out clausewise.’
- 1.5Biology The genetic alteration of a cell by introduction of extraneous DNA, especially by a plasmid.
- ‘Escherichia coli were transformed with the respective plasmids by chemical transformation.’
- ‘For each transformation, the plasmid inserts from 7 to 18 colonies were sequenced.’
- ‘The genotype of each strain and plasmids used for transformation are indicated at the top.’
- ‘Plasmid manipulation and bacterial transformation were performed by standard techniques.’
- ‘Plasmid transformation, selection, and testing for recombinant clones were performed as described.’
- 1.6Biology The heritable modification of a cell from its normal state to a malignant state.
- ‘However, its potential function as a tumor suppressor gene suggests a possible role in the malignant transformation of mesothelial cells.’
- ‘It is currently believed that most colorectal carcinomas start as benign adenomas that undergo malignant transformation into adenocarcinoma.’
- ‘Despite their histologic benignity, sinonasal papillomas have a small but definite potential for malignant transformation.’
- ‘They concluded that this was a case of malignant transformation of cardiac myxoma, but it could also have been multiple tumor emboli.’
- ‘The independent and simultaneous malignant transformation of 4 different stem cells is difficult to imagine in such a small tumor.’
Late Middle English: from Old French, or from late Latin transformatio(n-), from the verb transformare (see transform).
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