Definition of transcriptome in English:

transcriptome

noun

Biology
  • The sum total of all the messenger RNA molecules expressed from the genes of an organism.

    • ‘However, only a few works have addressed the response of the transcriptome to whole genome duplication.’
    • ‘The application of genome, transcriptome, and proteome screening to cybrid clones of the two different types could therefore help to identify the relevant pathways and genes.’
    • ‘This may require assaying a range of enzymes, and will increasingly involve transcriptome analysis on DNA microarrays, or proteome analysis.’
    • ‘With respect to gene expression, transcriptomes from different plants or organs at different physiological states can now be monitored and compared.’
    • ‘In spite of the limitations, the present data support the idea that the overall gene composition of the wheat transcriptome follows the general trend observed in other species.’
    • ‘During the past decade research in the field of molecular biology has gradually shifted from the analysis of single genes to the analysis of whole genomes, transcriptomes, and proteomes.’

Origin

1990s: blend of transcript and genome.

Pronunciation

transcriptome

/tran(t)ˈskripˌtōm/