Definition of train in English:

train

verb

  • 1[with object] Teach (a person or animal) a particular skill or type of behavior through practice and instruction over a period of time.

    ‘the plan trains people for promotion’
    [with object and infinitive] ‘the dogs are trained to sniff out illegal stowaways’
    • ‘Security staff were trained in effective communication skills.’
    • ‘It kills me when a swimmer who I train gets run down at the end of a race.’
    • ‘The service is staffed by volunteers, who are specially trained in the area of domestic violence.’
    • ‘My mother was well trained in housekeeping skills.’
    • ‘Officers have been specially trained to detect signs such as pupils and drowsiness.’
    • ‘Jails should have training centres where every prisoner can be trained in skills he is good at.’
    • ‘Protocols need to be available and staff properly trained to perform such alternative methods in a clinically relevant time frame.’
    • ‘Under the project, women are trained in business skills, accounting, marketing and forging links with commercial banks.’
    • ‘However, the current generation of doctors is not well trained to deal with clinical uncertainty.’
    • ‘With donations of cash and broken and used tools, men are trained in welding, woodwork, carpentry and other skills, and are then placed in jobs.’
    • ‘Allard said ‘bomb dogs’ were sniffer dogs which were specially trained to detect any type of explosive device.’
    • ‘Every woman was trained in using them with deadly skill.’
    • ‘You wouldn't have the shootings if the Infantry were better trained in basic skills like handling their weapons and fighting in urban areas.’
    • ‘All students are trained in Study Skills, and Examination Technique.’
    • ‘In Florida, he's being trained in popular education practices and conflict resolution skills as part of the Mass Action track.’
    • ‘Each of the instructors and the observers are trained in self-aid and buddy care, as well as cardiopulmonary resuscitation techniques.’
    • ‘But nurses and doctors are well trained to deal with those who are suffering.’
    • ‘The methods are still used by classically trained Ayurvedic doctors today.’
    • ‘Traditionally, in this industry, the boys are trained in the skill which is then passed down generations.’
    instruct, teach, coach, tutor, give lessons to, school, educate, upskill, edify, prime, drill, demonstrate something to, make something clear to
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1[no object] Be taught through practice and instruction.
      ‘he trained as a classicist’
      • ‘Canada, his native land, the UK where he trained and taught, and the United States all owe much to this sophisticated thinker.’
      • ‘Everybody who trains takes lay-offs at one time or another.’
      study, learn, prepare, be taught, take instruction, qualify
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2usually as adjective trained Cause (a mental or physical faculty) to be sharp, discerning, or developed as a result of instruction or practice.
      ‘an alert mind and trained eye give astute evaluations’
      • ‘Hilary's singing voice is classically trained to perfection, her tones both rich and clear.’
      • ‘For this the mind has to be trained and not let loose.’
      • ‘The three people gathered around the monolith had come to this conclusion, not only by use of their highly trained intellects, but also by dint of reading the small label on the back.’
      • ‘Simply stated, it is through a highly trained and discerning eye that a curator develops this skill.’
      • ‘Cartier-Bresson gave it his eye and mind trained by the cubist painter Andre Lhote, and his experience as a hunter in Africa.’
      • ‘He's highly trained in the martial arts, not to mention in the use of weaponry.’
      • ‘Thus it is in daily life, one's mind and body be trained and developed in a spirit of humility; and that in critical times, one be devoted utterly to the cause of justice.’
    3. 1.3 Cause (a plant) to grow in a particular direction or into a required shape.
      ‘they trained roses over their houses’
      • ‘For example, climbing roses can be trained to grow up and over a trellis or to highlight and enhance a bare wall or garden shed.’
      • ‘The fleshy vanilla vines are trained to grow up wooden posts or trees.’
      • ‘As they grew, the plants were trained by weaving new canes through the wrought-iron arch and tying them in place.’
      • ‘Standards are plants that have been trained to grow in a tree-like form.’
      • ‘These kid-size trees are trained to be fruiting sticks.’
      • ‘The base is 3 to 4 feet, and the vines are trained, one every 18 to 24 inches, up both sides.’
      • ‘White flowering Clematis armandii, red tropaeolum, wisteria and roses are being trained to grow over the pergola.’
      • ‘Young trees are generally trained to an open centre or vase shape as this allows even ripening of fruit and good air circulation, which helps prevent disease.’
      • ‘She trains this fast-growing shrub as a standard, sending the blooms up rather than out.’
      • ‘Vines grow to thirty feet and can be trained on a trellis or used as a groundcover.’
      • ‘Not only that, when you train the shrub to grow into a single stem tree, you can end up with some very interesting plants.’
      • ‘Instead of a privet hedge, why not train apple trees to clothe a lattice?’
      • ‘It can even be trained to grow as a small tree on its own.’
      • ‘The concept was designed for areas where wind was a problem, as fruit trees could be trained to grow against the wall in the shelter of the curves.’
      • ‘Although climbing roses look very similar to landscape roses, climbing roses have been trained to grow upward like vines.’
      • ‘Plus, as your plants are trained to grow upwards, they will get more light and air.’
      • ‘First, she plans a pattern for training her vines and traces it onto the wall with a pencil.’
      • ‘I want to train a pear tree as an espalier against a wall.’
      • ‘The vines were trained up trees and also on trellises on poles of willow.’
      • ‘Pear trees are trained using a modified central leader system, which begins when the tree is planted.’
    4. 1.4[no object] Undertake a course of exercise and diet in order to reach or maintain a high level of physical fitness, typically in preparation for participating in a specific sport or event.
      ‘she trains three times a week’
      • ‘And we saw him this week of course, out there training, ready to get fit to be selected in the middle of February.’
      • ‘The coaches who have trained under these men have quite a bit in common.’
      • ‘To prepare for the gruelling event, she trained at the gym, using cross trainer machines, which simulate the action of skiing.’
      • ‘The swimmers who trained twice per day showed no additional improvements over those who trained only once per day.’
      • ‘When professional rugby union began, there were still many genuine amateurs, most notably in the heartland Olympic sports, who trained harder.’
      • ‘They train, reach a peak of physical fitness and then, one day, for no obvious reason, they're unable to perform properly.’
      • ‘You know about cardio exercise for heart health and strength training for keeping firm, but when was the last time you trained to improve your sense of balance?’
      • ‘He has trained in the sport since 1983 and won a gold medal at the last world championships.’
      • ‘Each team in the tournament will train at hotels, resorts, or sports complexes that will resemble armed camps.’
      • ‘None of the women is a fitness freak and in preparation they trained at the Irene and Monument koppies on the outskirts of Pretoria.’
      • ‘To prepare, the group trained for the event for 10 weeks.’
      • ‘Beginning in September 1996, I trained in sport aerobics, also in Constanta.’
      • ‘Other coaches have taught me more about sailing, but Coach Beaver taught me how to train to be the best at whatever I do.’
      • ‘He sat out floor exercise in Sydney, but a few months later is now able to train on the event.’
      • ‘An exception might be the cyclist who has not trained for an event and can lose excessive amounts of salt in his/her perspiration.’
      • ‘Sport is about competing to see who is the best and athletes have to train hard to reach the top.’
      • ‘Never before in the history of Australian sport have our athletes trained so hard in the quest for the ultimate athletic performance.’
      • ‘I later heard that this time trial was a goal she targeted last winter, and that she had trained specifically for this event.’
      • ‘Has he trained for the event, or is he just winging it?’
      • ‘She did suffer, however, from the shock of not being entered into the event she had trained for, the 400 m.’
      exercise, do exercises, work out, get into shape, practise, prepare
      View synonyms
    5. 1.5 Cause to undertake a course of physical exercise.
      ‘the horse was trained in Paris’
      • ‘‘We have trained our student athletes seriously as we wanted to be in peak form ahead of the World University Games,’ he said.’
      • ‘Still, as excuses for failure go, it's a lot better than, ‘I wasn't trained hard enough.’’
      • ‘We train elite athletes in hopes that they will make it to the Olympics.’
      • ‘I would be afraid if I wasn't trained the way I have been.’
      • ‘The recruitment of a top Indian Coach to train our boys for the next two years will strengthen and also improve our coaching programme, he said.’
      • ‘Tim has also trained horses which were bought by the Portuguese Olympic three-day event team.’
      • ‘But at a certain point he had begun to train his own players, and at that point he opted for women.’
      • ‘Russel had then decided to impart his knowledge and train young cricketers.’
      • ‘One way I train my male players is to have them touch the backboard as many times as they can in 15 seconds.’
      • ‘In those days, he sometimes trained his athletes too much, too hard.’
      • ‘I got a letter from somebody who said he could train the team better than me.’
      • ‘The next phase of his life is being sold to a man who trains him as a gladiatorial pit fighter, where he learns the ways and glory of combat and gains his sense of self.’
      • ‘Commitment members are trained and informed about health and handicap problems.’
      • ‘Players are trained to dive and manipulate refs to get decisions there way.’
      • ‘That proposal ignores the perils of using minor league basketball to train players.’
      • ‘Was there a sense that someone might have a stable of gladiators that he's trained up in order to go into contest?’
      • ‘Rachid, who trains the boxers, makes a great play of picking up the youngest lads, weighing them and poking them about before a bout begins.’
      • ‘The philosophy is it's easier to train an athlete to perform pit stops than it is to turn a mechanic into a top-tier athlete.’
      • ‘They also received warm greetings from the Hong Kong Table Tennis Association which trained their sons and will arrange their trip.’
      • ‘However, once you select your event, you must train your athlete first before competing.’
      coach, drill, exercise, prepare, practise, ground, rehearse, make ready, make fit
      View synonyms
    6. 1.6train down[no object] Reduce one's weight through diet and exercise in order to be fit for a particular event.
      ‘he trained down to middleweight’
      • ‘He trains down to make the 175 limit for his ‘defenses‘but comes into the ring in the 180s.’
      • ‘I was a Big Ten wrestling champion at the University of Chicago and I had to train down, so I know it pretty well.’
      • ‘If he is smart and can't motivate himself to train down then he should try hard to get a fight with an older, slower heavyweight that won't test his stamina.’
      • ‘Anyway, they inspire indolent ladies to train down and to diet and do sundry other things in the pursuit of slenderness.’
  • 2train something on[with object] Point or aim something, typically a gun or camera, at.

    ‘the detective trained his gun on the side door’
    • ‘It is all set to train the cameras on nine other schools in the district.’
    • ‘Newton mounted guns on deck and trained muskets on the captives' quarters to intimidate them.’
    • ‘For instance, when an area is hit by natural disaster, the cameramen will quickly train their cameras on local leaders who give directions regarding the rescue and relief efforts.’
    • ‘Here the director is content too often to train his camera on her in close-up, in the hope apparently that this will provide the film with the expressiveness it otherwise generally lacks.’
    • ‘It is legal to train a camera on your front door and display your comings and goings on the internet.’
    • ‘Orwell feared that one day a ruthless, omnipotent state would train cameras on its citizens, surveilling them into obedience.’
    • ‘Meanwhile, the defending champion trained her focus on the grass court season after bowing out of the French Open at the quarter-final stage.’
    • ‘For more than seven months now, Germany's intellectual elite has trained its guns on the United States.’
    • ‘As a journalist, Khan was used to training the camera on others.’
    • ‘In an excellent piece of journalism, the camera crew just trained their camera on the serviceman, as he stood on the beach, tears running down his cheeks.’
    aim, point, direct, level, line something up, turn something on, fix something on, sight, position, focus
    View synonyms
  • 3dated [no object] Go by train.

    ‘Charles trained to Chicago with Emily’
  • 4archaic [with object] Entice (someone) by offering pleasure or a reward.

noun

  • 1A series of railroad cars moved as a unit by a locomotive or by integral motors.

    ‘a freight train’
    ‘the journey took two hours by train’
    • ‘Included in the deal was the carriage by train to Oxenholme station.’
    • ‘Many communities traversed by freight trains have raised the issue of the whistles.’
    • ‘For instance, if I zoom down to my estate in east London I can clearly make out parked cars, or the trains on the nearby railway.’
    • ‘The train wasn't quite as crowded, though the police were doing crowd control Japanese railways style to keep the trains moving without too much delay.’
    • ‘More mail will be moved by train, but this will be mainly bulk mail carried during the day, and mail will no longer be sorted on trains.’
    • ‘Sure enough, the railway mortar fired several times, and the train began to move forward.’
    • ‘He went by bicycle down to the railway, then by train to Christchurch, by tram to the Square and on foot to College.’
    • ‘We made good time out of San Antonio and saw lots of freight trains on the sidings.’
    • ‘I wanted a story that moved like a freight train dropped off the edge of a cliff.’
    • ‘Hardly had these words been uttered when a train of wagons arrived from the village and drew up outside the mess hall.’
    • ‘If you are first time visitor, don't try to go there by train since the railway station is very confusing.’
    • ‘There has also been a considerable investment in commuter trains and light railway rapid-transit systems to ease congestion on roads and pollution.’
    • ‘Very early trains were signalled by Railway Policemen on the line-side, with red and green flags.’
    • ‘Those travelling by train from Sligo railway station can now get their tickets at the touch of a screen.’
    • ‘I travelled by foot, by hitch-hiking and by clambering onto the wagons of freight trains.’
    • ‘Yesterday he enjoyed chatting with the engine driver and looking at the trains at the National Railway Museum in York.’
    • ‘In others areas too much traction power has been fed into trains, causing the motors to shut down.’
    • ‘On Sunday and Monday the railway will run additional trains using locomotives and coaches shown in the film, including the Green Dragon No.957.’
    • ‘In fact, there will be no more locomotives pulling the train because each carriage has its own engine.’
    • ‘Much of the travel was aboard a charming little narrow-gauge railway train hauled by elderly puffing steam locomotives.’
    • ‘We spent the rest of our time in town watching freight trains noisily pass over the diamond.’
  • 2A succession of vehicles or pack animals traveling in the same direction.

    ‘a camel train’
    • ‘Action must be taken quickly to get smaller off-road vehicles or mule trains ready to distribute food before the snows fall.’
    • ‘Pack trains were capable of moving very considerable quantities of goods, often through difficult terrain.’
    • ‘He established guards for his artillery trains and directed that a liaison orderly be sent from each battery to brigade headquarters.’
    • ‘A train of twenty-eight mules would carry about four tons, a similar number of horses about three tons.’
    • ‘Sattahip has not produced much traffic for rail, although I believe a train of oil tank wagons did run each night for a time.’
    • ‘Chilton had held third for much of the race, stubbornly refusing to allow a train of cars past him with some excellent defensive driving.’
    • ‘No amount of imperial bluster, disciplined armies or powerful artillery trains could impress these hardened tribes.’
    procession, line, file, column, convoy, cavalcade, caravan, queue, rank, string, succession, progression, array
    View synonyms
    1. 2.1 A retinue of attendants accompanying an important person.
      • ‘He had quite a train of coolies with him, carrying himself and his baggage through the dense forests.’
      • ‘A man dressed like an aristocrat in silk lead a train of servants out of the jungle and down the beach.’
      • ‘She was accompanied by a train of servants including cooks.’
      • ‘The next morning, he knocked on her door, just as she burst out of it, followed by a train of servants carrying cases and valises.’
      • ‘At Dalkeith Castle on August 3rd, King James himself, in a crimson velvet jacket, rode in with a train of horsemen.’
      • ‘On that day, a train of local dignitaries, shareholders, local MPs and the Lord Mayor of York travelled the full length of the line.’
      • ‘Normally she had a train of courtiers surrounding her, but this was a private matter.’
      • ‘Regally an hour and a half late, Ermias arrives with a train of 20 family members, bodyguards and aides.’
      • ‘He is reported to have been wealthy and to have kept a train of boy attendants and also to have provided dowries for many girls of Acragas.’
      retinue, entourage, cortège, following, staff, household, court, suite
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    2. 2.2 A series of connected events.
      ‘you may be setting in motion a train of events that will cause harm’
      • ‘We cannot know what train of events our actions will set in motion.’
      • ‘The House of Lords spoke in terms of a physical act on the part of the accused setting the train of events in motion.’
      • ‘My strategy is always to pursue the right questions in the right order, to set the logical train in motion.’
      • ‘This bizarre train of events gives some indication of the conditions that exist in many South African factories.’
      • ‘It is his sale of Christ that sets in motion the train of events leading up to the Crucifixion.’
      • ‘Unionists had some reason to feel anxious at this train of events.’
      • ‘Europe has demonstrated its complete inability to oppose this train of events.’
      • ‘But once this train was set in motion, it became impossible to stop or even to alter its course.’
      • ‘Again, he chuckled as if this whole train of events was nothing but some outrageous mischief meant to unnerve me.’
      • ‘Their coastal defences penetrated, the Germans set into motion a train of events to turn the tables.’
      chain, string, series, sequence, succession, set, progression, course, cycle, line, row, order, trail, concatenation
      View synonyms
    3. 2.3 A series of gears or other connected parts in machinery.
      ‘a train of gears’
      • ‘Contact between the cams and the tappets in the valve train span the mixed and boundary regions.’
      • ‘The authors were able to predict the magnitude of facilitation but not its rate of growth during a train of impulses.’
      • ‘As our simulations show, a rouleau of flat RBCs behaves quite differently from a train of ellipses of the same size.’
      • ‘The engines had twin overhead camshafts which were gear driven via a train of gears coming from the rear of the crankshaft.’
  • 3A long piece of material attached to the back of a formal dress or robe that trails along the ground.

    • ‘He had carried her all the way to his horse, the long train of her blue dress trailing behind them, and placed her in front of him in the saddle.’
    • ‘She wore a train on her wedding dress 2,000 ft long in an attempt to get into the Guinness Book Of Records.’
    • ‘Sarah stepped up on the stage and Stephanie flipped the train so that the dress fanned out.’
    • ‘The bride, given in marriage by her father, looked radiant in a white satin dress with a train of satin lace with matching headdress.’
    • ‘She screamed and shoved her way out of his hands and down the hallway, her long dress's train trailing behind her.’
    • ‘This time it is very different because Isaiah sees there the Lord high and lifted up and the train of his robe filling the temple.’
    • ‘The bridesmaids wore lilac strapless gowns with puddled trains, and carried smaller versions of the bride's bouquet.’
    • ‘A train of long red velvet cuts the stage in two like a river of blood.’
    • ‘She studied her customer for a second, then just as quickly began to take off the train, then each piece of the dress.’
    • ‘You know, what if I step on my train and tear my dress?’
    • ‘She was dressed in an overly and unnecessarily long dress that left a train that seemed to serve as an effective floor sweeper.’
    • ‘She was dressed in a clingy serpent green gown with a long train and a humongous collar.’
    • ‘Her outfit was a voluminous lace affair without shape or style, and I couldn't see her own shoes from the grubby train of her dress.’
    • ‘Her eye mask was pushed upon her forehead and her bathrobe rope trailed after her like a train of a wedding gown.’
    • ‘Long trains over trousers and grass skirts add another dimension.’
    • ‘A silk satin column wrap train dress was pretty and poised, while the silk velvet tuxedo turned out a new spin on menswear.’
    • ‘Her dress resembles a beach featuring rocks at the bottom with fish and pearls, sewn and painted and even a train of octopus tentacles.’
    • ‘A formal daytime wedding is when the bride wears a white, ivory or pastel colored floor length gown with a train and a long veil.’
    tail, appendage
    View synonyms
  • 4A trail of gunpowder for firing an explosive charge.

Phrases

  • in train

    • (of arrangements) well organized or in progress.

      ‘an investigation is in train’
      • ‘I'm still pinching myself that an inquiry has been set in train.’
      • ‘Such a report puts in train a detailed investigation which may be unnecessary if, as is frequently the case, the incident is not one of carbon monoxide poisoning.’
      • ‘While the Culchie Competition is restricted to men the women of the area are not being neglected either with plans now in train to select a festival queen.’
      • ‘However, the recommendation, along with others such as a dedicated agency for the Irish abroad, have never been set in train.’
      • ‘He suggested they put up the No Parking signs and bring in the wardens and put in train the temporary car park on the green area beside the Craddockstown Road.’
      • ‘School, when it comes, sets in train a whole new set of anxious targets - reading and counting and writing, to be mastered by a given age and in step with your peers.’
      • ‘My clear priority is to rebuild that confidence through the actions we have now set in train.’
      • ‘That set in train a series of actions - or rather, inactions - that led to only six of the 20 cars starting the race.’
      • ‘The FA have no fewer than three investigations in train.’
      • ‘Each syndicate member received £660,387 and plans are already in train for spending some of the windfall.’
  • in someone/something's train (or in the train of)

    • 1Following behind someone or something.

      • ‘He follows in the train of distinguished Erasmus lecturers, including Joseph Cardinal Ratzinger, Peter Berger, Paul Johnson, Jean-Marie Cardinal Lustiger, Rabbi David Novak, and Mary Ann Glendon.’
      • ‘He was a painter early in his life, but then studied with a certain Bryson and with the Democritean Anaxarchus, with whom he travelled to India in the train of Alexander the Great.’
      • ‘Few thought to ask, to question the idea that ‘the people’ could be led as always, would follow blindly in the train of materialistic progress to social or cultural ‘progress’.’
      • ‘Carried to Italy (probably in the train of the Borgia popes), it was developed further, the flat bridge of the vihuela being replaced by a free-standing arched bridge, which was glued to the belly like that of a guitar.’
      1. 1.1As a sequel or consequence.
        ‘unemployment brings great difficulties in its train’
        • ‘This was possible due to the immigration of many Iranians to Bengal in the train of Muslim conquest and in the service of the rulers.’
  • train of thought

    • The way in which someone reaches a conclusion; a line of reasoning.

      ‘I failed to follow his train of thought’

Origin

Middle English (as a noun in the sense delay): from Old French train (masculine), traine (feminine), from trahiner (verb), from Latin trahere pull, draw Early noun senses were trailing part of a robe and retinue; the latter gave rise to line of traveling people or vehicles later a connected series of things. The early verb sense cause (a plant) to grow in a desired shape was the basis of the sense educate, instruct, teach.

Pronunciation:

train

/trān/